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'Muscat Dhows Arbitration. In the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the Hague. Grant of the French Flag to Muscat Dhows. The case on behalf of the Government of His Britannic Majesty.' [‎59v] (129/208)

The record is made up of 1 volume (102 folios). It was created in 1904?-1905?. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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22
are commonly spoken of as the Trucial Chiefs,
because of the Treaties of Maritime Truce con
cluded with them between 1835 and 1853, by
which their internecine strife upon the sea was
stopped. These Treaties, it will be seen, were
made long before the Anglo-Erench Declara
tion of 1862, and when they were concluded
Muscat had no claim of dominion or suzerainty
over any of these Chiefs. Moreover, on refer
ence to Kiepert's map in the Prench Case
(p. 35), there will be found a dotted line round
the bulk of the territory occupied by these Chiefs,
indicating either an enclave separate from Muscat,
or some ground for distinguishing the inclosed
mainland and islands from the rest of what is
treated as Oman, or (and more probably) indicating
that the land and sea within the circle was the
land and sea affected by the Maritime Truces con
cluded with Great Britain ; and it may be added
that these Treaties, so far from being an abroga
tion of the authority of the then Sultan of
Muscat, were made with his knowledge and
approval, when he and Great Britain were
co-operating to suppress piracy and the Slave
Trade, and to open the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. to international
commerce.
It is owing to the conjoined efforts of the
Sultan and His Majesty's Government and these
Treaties that the large traffic under many flags
is enabled to pass freely in and out of the Persian
Gulf. The Treaties of 1872 made with the
Trucial Chiefs, and mentioned at p. 36 of the
Prench Case, were made for the purpose of
effectually putting an end to the Slave Trade.
Great Britaiti has been compelled on occasion to
intervene in case of infraction of these Treaties.
But, in informing the Tribunal of these facts, the
British Government are constrained to point out
that the territory of the Chiefs in question is no
part of the Sultanate, and that the statements
about this territory made in, the Prench Case
are absolutely irrelevant to the controversy
submitted to the Tribunal. In passing from this
subject, it should be said that a confusion seems
to have arisen between the coast geographically
known as Oman and that portion of the
coast which politically belongs to the Sultan.
Besides the portion of the coast, known as
the Pirate coast, which belongs to the Sheikh
of Shargah, that Chief claims authority over
the coast-line north of Khor Kalba as
as far as Ras Dibba as being part of the

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Content

This file consists of a number of printed reports relating to the arbitration over the granting of French flags to Muscat dhows:

  • A printed report in 1904 by the Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, India, relating to the arbitration on the issue of French flags to Omani dhows. An agreement between Britain and France in 1862 committed both governments to respect the independence of the Sultan of Muscat.
  • Reply on behalf of the Government of His Britannic Majesty to the Supplementary Conclusions, presented on behalf of the Government of the French Republic and admitted by the tribunal on July 25, 1905.
  • The verdict (in French) of the arbitration tribunal.
  • Treaty Series (No. 3, 1905) - Agreements between the United Kingdom and France referring to arbitration the question of the grant of the French flag to Muscat Dhows.
  • The section on the geography of Oman (ff 58-59A) discusses the French claim with reference to Kiepert's map of 1850. Includes a sketch map of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and Arabian Coast (folio 91A).
Extent and format
1 volume (102 folios)
Physical characteristics

Description: The foliation sequence commences at the title page and terminates at the last folio; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Foliation errors: 1, and 1A; 50, and 50A; 59, and 59A; 84, and 84A-C; 88, and 88A; 91, and 91A. Pagination: A number of original typed pagination sequences are also located in the file.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'Muscat Dhows Arbitration. In the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the Hague. Grant of the French Flag to Muscat Dhows. The case on behalf of the Government of His Britannic Majesty.' [‎59v] (129/208), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/406, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100024085266.0x000082> [accessed 21 August 2019]

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