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'Muscat Dhows Arbitration. In the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the Hague. Grant of the French Flag to Muscat Dhows. The case on behalf of the Government of His Britannic Majesty.' [‎62v] (137/208)

The record is made up of 1 volume (102 folios). It was created in 1904?-1905?. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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The Zanzibar subsidy of 40,000 crowns was French Case,
awarded by Lord Canning in 1861 in settlement
of disputes between the sons of Sultan Saiwed
t! V
as to the partition of his dominions, which, at
his death in 1856, included both Muscat and
Zanzibar. In 1873, on the conclusion with both
Muscat and Zanzibar of Treaties for suppressing
the Slave Trade, Great Britain undertook to
relieve the Sultan of Zanzibar of all liability for
the 40,000 crowns, and guaranteed payment
thereof to Sultan Saiyyed Turki, the Sultan of
Muscat, ec so long as he continued faithfully to
.fulfil his Treaty engagements and manifest his
friendship towards the British Government.
On the death of Sultan Saiyyed Turki in 1888,
difficulties arose about the succession owing to
the absence of any recognized law on the subject.
His Highness Sultan Saiyyed Peysal obtained
complete recognition as Sultan in 1890, and from
that date until ] 899 the subsidy was regularly
paid to him upon the same conditions as those
upon which it was paid to his predecessor. The
obligation of Great Britain is not, as suggested at
p. 20 of the French Case, absolute and existin":
in favour of every occupant of the Throne at
Muscat. It depends on the arrangements made
with each Sultan on his accession, and has, in
fact, been only once withheld in the circum
stances now to be stated.
The rebellion of Abduilah-bin-Saleh (referred
to in the French Case, pp. 42, 43) caused serious
loss to British-Indian subjects in Oman. The
claims for compensation in respect of losses
to British subjects, as verified by a Committee
of investigation, amounted to 77,894 dollars.
The Sultan was required to pay the amount by
quarterly instalments in three years, and
proceeded to impose a punitive tax on the
offending tribes for the purpose.
Loans had also been made by the British
Government to the Sultan in 1895 of
^0,000 rupees, and in 1S97 of 60,000 rupees.
At the time of the delivery to the Sultan of
the British Memorandum of the 9th February,
j -899 (styled in the French Case an Ultimatum),
large sums of money were due from the Sultan

About this item


This file consists of a number of printed reports relating to the arbitration over the granting of French flags to Muscat dhows:

  • A printed report in 1904 by the Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, India, relating to the arbitration on the issue of French flags to Omani dhows. An agreement between Britain and France in 1862 committed both governments to respect the independence of the Sultan of Muscat.
  • Reply on behalf of the Government of His Britannic Majesty to the Supplementary Conclusions, presented on behalf of the Government of the French Republic and admitted by the tribunal on July 25, 1905.
  • The verdict (in French) of the arbitration tribunal.
  • Treaty Series (No. 3, 1905) - Agreements between the United Kingdom and France referring to arbitration the question of the grant of the French flag to Muscat Dhows.
  • The section on the geography of Oman (ff 58-59A) discusses the French claim with reference to Kiepert's map of 1850. Includes a sketch map of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and Arabian Coast (folio 91A).
Extent and format
1 volume (102 folios)
Physical characteristics

Description: The foliation sequence commences at the title page and terminates at the last folio; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Foliation errors: 1, and 1A; 50, and 50A; 59, and 59A; 84, and 84A-C; 88, and 88A; 91, and 91A. Pagination: A number of original typed pagination sequences are also located in the file.

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English and French in Latin script
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'Muscat Dhows Arbitration. In the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the Hague. Grant of the French Flag to Muscat Dhows. The case on behalf of the Government of His Britannic Majesty.' [‎62v] (137/208), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/406, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 August 2019]

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