Skip to item: of 208
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'Muscat Dhows Arbitration. In the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the Hague. Grant of the French Flag to Muscat Dhows. The case on behalf of the Government of His Britannic Majesty.' [‎86v] (191/208)

The record is made up of 1 volume (102 folios). It was created in 1904?-1905?. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

Whereas since the restriction which the term "prot^g^" underwent in
virtue of the legislation of the Ottoman Porte of 1863, 1865 and 1869,
especially of the Ottoman law of 23 Sefer 1280 (August 1863) implicitly
accepted by the Powers who enjoy the rights of capitulations, and since
the Treaty concluded between France and Morocco in 1863, to which a great
number of other Powers have acceded and which received the sanction of the
Convention of Madrid of July 30, 1880, the term "prot6g6" embraces in
relation to States of capitulations only the following classes 1°. persons being
subjects of a country which is under the protectorate of the Power whose
protection they claim, 2o. individuals corresponding to the classes enumerated
in the treaties with Morocco of 1863 and 1880 and in the Ottoman law of 1863,
3°. persons, who under a special treaty have been recognized as "prot6g6s"
like those enumerated by article 4 of the French Muscat Convention of
1844 and 4°. those individuals who can establish that they had
been considered and treated as "prot6g6s" by the Power in question
before the year in which the creation of new "proteges" was regulated
and limited, that is to say before the year 1863 , these individuals not
having lost the status they had once legitimately acquired.
Whereas that, although the Powers have expressis verbis resigned
the exercise of the pretended right to create "prot6g6s" in unlimited
number only in relation to Turkey and Morocco, nevertheless the exercise
of this pretended right has been abandoned also in relation to other
Oriental States, analogy having always been recognized as a mean to
complete the very deficient written regulations of the capitulations as
far as circumstances are analogous.
Whereas on the other hand the concession de facto made by
Turkey, that the status of "prot6g6s" be transmitted to the descendants
of persons, who in 1863 had enjoyed the protection of a Christian
Power, cannot be extended by analogy to Muscat, where the circum
stances _are entirely dissimilar, the "proteges" of the Christian Powers
in Turkey being of race, nationality and religion different from their
Ottoman rulers, whilst the inhabitants of Sur and other Muscat people
who might apply for French flags, are in all these respects entirety
in the same condition as the other subjects of the Sultan of Muscat,
Whereas the dispositions of article 4 of the French-Muscat Treaty
. of 1844 apply only to persons who are bona fide in the service of
I French subjects, but not to persons who ask for ships-papers for the
purpose of doing any commercial business.
Whereas the fact of having granted before the ratification of the
T) 1 A T r-w ™ , 'mil"
Brussels Act on January 2 1892 authorizations to fly the French flag
to native vessels not satisfying the "conditions prescribed by article 32 of

About this item


This file consists of a number of printed reports relating to the arbitration over the granting of French flags to Muscat dhows:

  • A printed report in 1904 by the Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, India, relating to the arbitration on the issue of French flags to Omani dhows. An agreement between Britain and France in 1862 committed both governments to respect the independence of the Sultan of Muscat.
  • Reply on behalf of the Government of His Britannic Majesty to the Supplementary Conclusions, presented on behalf of the Government of the French Republic and admitted by the tribunal on July 25, 1905.
  • The verdict (in French) of the arbitration tribunal.
  • Treaty Series (No. 3, 1905) - Agreements between the United Kingdom and France referring to arbitration the question of the grant of the French flag to Muscat Dhows.
  • The section on the geography of Oman (ff 58-59A) discusses the French claim with reference to Kiepert's map of 1850. Includes a sketch map of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and Arabian Coast (folio 91A).
Extent and format
1 volume (102 folios)
Physical characteristics

Description: The foliation sequence commences at the title page and terminates at the last folio; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Foliation errors: 1, and 1A; 50, and 50A; 59, and 59A; 84, and 84A-C; 88, and 88A; 91, and 91A. Pagination: A number of original typed pagination sequences are also located in the file.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'Muscat Dhows Arbitration. In the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the Hague. Grant of the French Flag to Muscat Dhows. The case on behalf of the Government of His Britannic Majesty.' [‎86v] (191/208), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/406, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 August 2019]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'Muscat Dhows Arbitration. In the Permanent Court of Arbitration at the Hague. Grant of the French Flag to Muscat Dhows. The case on behalf of the Government of His Britannic Majesty.' [&lrm;86v] (191/208)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image