Skip to item: of 698
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1356 (March 1937 - February 1938)' [‎53r] (19/76)

The record is made up of 1 volume (37 folios). It was created in 1938. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

ten to twenty persons are constantly decanted from sailing dhows on out of the way
parts of the coast and it is only occasionally that the Government authorities are
able to catch them. These persons immediately go to the Bahrain Petroleum Company's
camp and many of them, stating that they were born and bred in Bahrain, obtain
work as coolies A term used to describe labourers from a number of Asian countries, now considered derogatory. . During the last two or three years several thousand Persians
have arrived in Bahrain, attracted by the possibility of finding work in the oil fields.
There is no political motive in their coming, they come because conditions are bad
in their own country.
Public Health.
The medical work done by the Bahrain Government during the year consisted
chiefly of maintaining free public dispensaries in different parts of Bahrain for men
and women. Although these dispensaries and clinics are not in charge of very highly
qualified persons they do a great deal of good in the towns and villages where they
are situated and people who would not come into Manama for attention can obtain
medicine and treatment from the local clinic.
Muharraq Dispensary^ The dispensary is in a hired house in the bazaar in
charge of an Indian doctor who has been in employment of the Bahrain Government
for over 14 years. The building is not very suitable and when the work can be
undertaken it is proposed to build a new dispensary.
Total outpatients ... ... 3827
„ operations ... ... 145
Sak al Khamis Dispensary. This dispensary, which is new, is situated on the
edge of Bilad al Qadim close to the Government school. It is in charge of an
Indian doctor who besides attending to patients at the dispensary visits the
neighbouring villages on certain days and treats people. He is provided with a Ford
pick-up in which he tours the villages.
Total outpatients ... ... ... 8421
„ operations ... ... ... 104
Hedd Dispensary.
]n charge of a local Arab who has had some experience with the American
Mission. The standard of this dispensary is not up to the other two.
Total outpatients ... ... ... 3522
,, operations ... ... ... 58
Women's Clinics. Three trained midwives, one in Muharraq, and two in
Manama, in addition to their midwifery work, also conduct clinics for women and
children. Each year the work of the trained midwives is increasing in spite of
prfjndice and superstition.
In Manama a house has been rented next door to one of the clinics so that
maternity cases may be treated as in-patients. The newer clinic, on the edge of the
western quarter, which is the brothel area, is used considerably for the treatment of
venereal diseases. Unfortunately the nurse in charge was absent owing to illness
during part of the year and died soon after returning from hospital in Iraq.
A new development in this direction is the weekly child welfare clinic in the
married lines at the Fort where about fifty of the Policemen's families live.
The total number of patients dealt w T ith at the three women's clinics during
the year was 11,632. Total labour cases 40. Indoor patients 23.
Anti-Malaria Measures. At the end of the year Major M. K. Afndi of the
I. M. S , visited Bahrain and carried out preliminary investigations concerning the
prevalence of malaria with a view to advising the Bahrain Government on anti-
malaria measures. His preliminary report w T as not received during the current year.

About this item


This volume is the Annual Report of the Government of Bahrain for the year 1356 AH (1937-1938) and gives details of the Revenue and Expenditure of the Bahrain State and contains notes on the activities of the various Government departments, as well as the budget for the year 1357 and some particulars of importance which took place in Bahrain during the year. It includes text, photographic images and tables. The report appears to be compiled from reports from various Government departments and officials. An index appears on folio 46r, followed by a General Review by Charles Dalrymple Belgrave, Adviser to the State of Bahrain (folio 47r).

The contents are divided into the following sections and sub-sections:

  • Budget – 1356 (folio 47v);
  • Summary of Revenue and Expenditure, 1356 (folio 48r);
  • Detailed statement of Revenue and Expenditure, 1356 (folio 48v);
  • Statement of Expenditure on Public Works and Special Projects (folio 49r);
  • Notes on Revenue – 1356 (folio 49v): Oil Royalty, Customs Receipts, Rent of Aerodrome, Passport Fees, Land Registration Fees, Motor Car Taxes, Rent of Government Lands, Interest on Reserves, and Oil Gauging Fees;
  • Notes on Expenditure – 1356 (folios 49v-50v): Allowances to the Ruling Family, State Protection, Customs Department, Secretariat, Judicial Department, Land and Public Works Department, Passport Department, Education Department, Municipalities, Medical, Contingencies, Upkeep of buildings, Upkeep and construction of roads, and Unforeseen;
  • Statement of Expenditure on Public Works and Special Projects (folio 50v): Hospital, Fire Engine, New Palace, Law Courts, Agriculture, Water Cart, and Manama-Muharraq Bridge;
  • Pearl Industry (folios 51)
  • Police and Public Security (folios 51v-53r): Strength, Routine and duties, Police Buildings, Recruitment, Health, Police Families' Clinic, Police Band and Fire Bridgade, Registration of Arms and Ammunition, Mounted Section, Good Conduct Pay, Crime, Traffic Control, Liquor, and Persian Immigration;
  • Public Health (folio 53): Muharraq Dispensary, Suk al Khamis [Sūq al-Khamīs] Dispensary, Hedd [al-Ḥidd] Dispensary, Women's Clinic, Anti-Malaria Measures, and Government Hospital;
  • Land Registration Department (folio 53v): Registration of Sales, Gifts, and Titles, Revenue from Sales etc., and Programme for 1357;
  • Public Works (folios 54-57v): Administration, Roads and Buildings, Law Courts, Work-shop and Garages, Rest House and Police Station, Manama Fort, Manama Muharraq Road, Hawar Fort and Pier, Government Hospital, Muharraq Girls' School, Manama Market Buildings, and Roads;
  • Judicial Department (folios 57v-60r): Bahrain Court, Transfer of Magistrates, Bahrain Lower Court, New Regulations, Shera Court, Code of Laws, and New Law Courts;
  • Municipalities (folios 60r-61v): Manama (Election, Municipal Achievements, Road Improvements, Water Control, Bazaar Improvements, Anti-Malaria Measures, Slaughter House, Adari Spring [‘Ayn ‘Adhārī], and Pier) and Muharraq (Sea Reclamation, Roads, and Anti-Malaria Measures);
  • Wakf [Waqf] Department (folios 61v-62r);
  • Education (folio 62r): Progress, Technical School, Athletics, Students Abroad, and Girls' Schools;
  • General (folios 62v-65r): Annual Audit, New Staff, His Highness' Pilgrimage [hajj], Visit of His Royal Highness Amir Saoud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd, Ibn Saud], Cinema, Juma Mosque, Nationality Law, Bus Service, Broadcasting, Press Propaganda, Government Rest House, and Private Building Enterprise;
  • Electric Supply Department, report by Mr W B Steele, State Engineer (folios 65r-69r): Wiring Contracts, Temporary Wiring, Main Extension, Alterations to Mains, New Generating Set, Financial Position, Telephone Department, Transport Department, Fire Department, Traffic Section, Municipal Ice Plant, School Engineering Workshop, and General;
  • Electric Returns: Profit and Loss Account, Revenue Account, Balance Sheet (folios 69v-70v);
  • Statement of Energy generated and sold, etc. (folio 71r);
  • Customs Department, report for the year 1356 by the Director of Customs Mr C C L de Grenier (folios 71v-76r);
  • Zubara Dispute (folio 76r);
  • Budget – 1357 (Feby. 1938-Feby. 1939) (folio 77);
  • Notes on Budget – 1357 (folios 78-80).

Illustrations appear on four folios and they are labelled as follows:

  • Folio 56: 'Hawar Fort' and 'Hawar Pier';
  • Folio 59: 'Law Courts. North Aspect' and 'Law Courts. South Aspects';
  • Folio 64: 'Muharraq Girl’s School' and 'Northern Village and Bay, Hawar';
  • Folio 68: 'Law Courts, open courtyard and platform' and 'Open Courtyard in the Law Courts'.

An inscription on the front cover reads 'Printed at the Times Press, Basrah' (folio 44r).

Extent and format
1 volume (37 folios)

There is an index (folio 46r) which references pages in the report.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: Folios 44-81.

Written in
English in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1356 (March 1937 - February 1938)' [‎53r] (19/76), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/750/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 July 2024]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1356 (March 1937 - February 1938)' [&lrm;53r] (19/76)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image