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'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1356 (March 1937 - February 1938)' [‎57r] (27/76)

The record is made up of 1 volume (37 folios). It was created in 1938. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Work on drilling an artesian well has not, at the time of writing, been
successful. A good water supply would contribute greatly towards the development
of this island.
Government Hospital. Rs. 10,620. A property containing an old house
which has been demolished, in the Naim quarter of Manama, on the shore, including
an area in the sea, was purchased from Messrs. Abdul Aziz Kosaibi and Brothers.
Plans were drawn up for the dispensary and outpatients department in consultation
with Dr. Holmes and Dr. Dame, and towards the end of the year work was
commenced on this part of the building which is being built on land reclaimed from
the shore. Above the dispensary there is a flat for the Medical Officer incharge of
the hospital.
The main hospital, including wards, operation rooms etc., etc., is to be built
on the shore immediately south of the dispensary. There will be a road between the
Hospital and the dispensary and the two buildings will have separate entrances. The
dispensary is divided into two parts, for male and female patients, and the hospital
will also be divided into male and female wards.
Plans for the hospital are under consideration, the Public Works Department
obtained copies of plans of a large number of Indian Government Hospitals and
these have been carefully considered in drawing up the plans of the Bahrain
hospital in conjunction with all the medical authorities in Bahrain.
At the end of the year work of reclaiming the shore on the site of the dispen
sary was still proceeding.
Naim was chosen as the location of the hospital as it is the part of Manama
farthest distant from the existing hospitals and nearest to the outlying villages.
Muharraq Girls' School. This building wes constructed by the new Public
Works Department. The site of the School is a piece of ground in the centre of
Muharraq town which was purchased by the Education Department. The ground
available was not large and the school had to be planned to fit into the available
space. It is a two storied building containing two large class rooms and one smaller
room on the ground floor, two large rooms on the first floor divided by sliding doors
which can be opened in order to make one room, a staff room and a screened balcony
which can be used as a class room in the summer. There is a wide inside staircase
and a second stair which is mainly intended as a fire escape, suitable sanitary
arrangements, and outside the building, a gate house at the entrance of the
compound from the street. Verandas and windows which might be overlooked from
outside are suitably screened.
In this building a number of experiments have been made in different kinds of
roofing and ceiling methods and also in the use of coloured cement which has not
before been tried in Bahrain. In one room cement blocks carried on reinforced
cement beams are used and another ceiling consists of wooden chandals and rein
forced cement without the usual bamboo strips and matting.
The new Girls' School is the most modern building in Bahrain, excepting the
Bahrain Petroleum Company's houses.
The work will be completed early in the new year. An adjacent house is being
purchased for the teaching staff to live in.
Manama Market Buildings. On behalf of His Highness Shaikh Sir Hamad
the work of rebuilding the " Sook al Arba " was undertaken. The whole of this
bazaar, which consisted of straw huts, was destroyed by fire about two years ago. It
was a providential fire. The old roughly built vegetable market, which became partly
under water at high tides, has been replaced by three metal market buildings, 150 x 50
feet, purchased in England, with cement floors and cement stalls which can be sluiced
down daily from the taps which have been put in at the end of each of the sheds.
Numbers of solidly built shops, constructed of stone and cement, have taken the place
of the palm branch huts and in some places two storied buildings have been erected.
Several of His Highness's sons who own land on the edge of this bazaar are putting
up new stone built shops. This property is part of His Highness's private estates.

About this item


This volume is the Annual Report of the Government of Bahrain for the year 1356 AH (1937-1938) and gives details of the Revenue and Expenditure of the Bahrain State and contains notes on the activities of the various Government departments, as well as the budget for the year 1357 and some particulars of importance which took place in Bahrain during the year. It includes text, photographic images and tables. The report appears to be compiled from reports from various Government departments and officials. An index appears on folio 46r, followed by a General Review by Charles Dalrymple Belgrave, Adviser to the State of Bahrain (folio 47r).

The contents are divided into the following sections and sub-sections:

  • Budget – 1356 (folio 47v);
  • Summary of Revenue and Expenditure, 1356 (folio 48r);
  • Detailed statement of Revenue and Expenditure, 1356 (folio 48v);
  • Statement of Expenditure on Public Works and Special Projects (folio 49r);
  • Notes on Revenue – 1356 (folio 49v): Oil Royalty, Customs Receipts, Rent of Aerodrome, Passport Fees, Land Registration Fees, Motor Car Taxes, Rent of Government Lands, Interest on Reserves, and Oil Gauging Fees;
  • Notes on Expenditure – 1356 (folios 49v-50v): Allowances to the Ruling Family, State Protection, Customs Department, Secretariat, Judicial Department, Land and Public Works Department, Passport Department, Education Department, Municipalities, Medical, Contingencies, Upkeep of buildings, Upkeep and construction of roads, and Unforeseen;
  • Statement of Expenditure on Public Works and Special Projects (folio 50v): Hospital, Fire Engine, New Palace, Law Courts, Agriculture, Water Cart, and Manama-Muharraq Bridge;
  • Pearl Industry (folios 51)
  • Police and Public Security (folios 51v-53r): Strength, Routine and duties, Police Buildings, Recruitment, Health, Police Families' Clinic, Police Band and Fire Bridgade, Registration of Arms and Ammunition, Mounted Section, Good Conduct Pay, Crime, Traffic Control, Liquor, and Persian Immigration;
  • Public Health (folio 53): Muharraq Dispensary, Suk al Khamis [Sūq al-Khamīs] Dispensary, Hedd [al-Ḥidd] Dispensary, Women's Clinic, Anti-Malaria Measures, and Government Hospital;
  • Land Registration Department (folio 53v): Registration of Sales, Gifts, and Titles, Revenue from Sales etc., and Programme for 1357;
  • Public Works (folios 54-57v): Administration, Roads and Buildings, Law Courts, Work-shop and Garages, Rest House and Police Station, Manama Fort, Manama Muharraq Road, Hawar Fort and Pier, Government Hospital, Muharraq Girls' School, Manama Market Buildings, and Roads;
  • Judicial Department (folios 57v-60r): Bahrain Court, Transfer of Magistrates, Bahrain Lower Court, New Regulations, Shera Court, Code of Laws, and New Law Courts;
  • Municipalities (folios 60r-61v): Manama (Election, Municipal Achievements, Road Improvements, Water Control, Bazaar Improvements, Anti-Malaria Measures, Slaughter House, Adari Spring [‘Ayn ‘Adhārī], and Pier) and Muharraq (Sea Reclamation, Roads, and Anti-Malaria Measures);
  • Wakf [Waqf] Department (folios 61v-62r);
  • Education (folio 62r): Progress, Technical School, Athletics, Students Abroad, and Girls' Schools;
  • General (folios 62v-65r): Annual Audit, New Staff, His Highness' Pilgrimage [hajj], Visit of His Royal Highness Amir Saoud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd, Ibn Saud], Cinema, Juma Mosque, Nationality Law, Bus Service, Broadcasting, Press Propaganda, Government Rest House, and Private Building Enterprise;
  • Electric Supply Department, report by Mr W B Steele, State Engineer (folios 65r-69r): Wiring Contracts, Temporary Wiring, Main Extension, Alterations to Mains, New Generating Set, Financial Position, Telephone Department, Transport Department, Fire Department, Traffic Section, Municipal Ice Plant, School Engineering Workshop, and General;
  • Electric Returns: Profit and Loss Account, Revenue Account, Balance Sheet (folios 69v-70v);
  • Statement of Energy generated and sold, etc. (folio 71r);
  • Customs Department, report for the year 1356 by the Director of Customs Mr C C L de Grenier (folios 71v-76r);
  • Zubara Dispute (folio 76r);
  • Budget – 1357 (Feby. 1938-Feby. 1939) (folio 77);
  • Notes on Budget – 1357 (folios 78-80).

Illustrations appear on four folios and they are labelled as follows:

  • Folio 56: 'Hawar Fort' and 'Hawar Pier';
  • Folio 59: 'Law Courts. North Aspect' and 'Law Courts. South Aspects';
  • Folio 64: 'Muharraq Girl’s School' and 'Northern Village and Bay, Hawar';
  • Folio 68: 'Law Courts, open courtyard and platform' and 'Open Courtyard in the Law Courts'.

An inscription on the front cover reads 'Printed at the Times Press, Basrah' (folio 44r).

Extent and format
1 volume (37 folios)

There is an index (folio 46r) which references pages in the report.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: Folios 44-81.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1356 (March 1937 - February 1938)' [‎57r] (27/76), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/750/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 24 April 2024]

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