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'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1362 (January 1943 - December 1943)' [‎292v] (34/72)

The record is made up of 1 volume (35 folios). It was created in 1944. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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the Four Rules; Algebra, Geometry and Trigonometry were unknown to them. They had read
three books' in English but could not make use of the language in any way. Their History and
Geography were limited to a few useless ' facts 1 that they had committed to memory. It was on
this basis that we had to build our present Secondary Education. Arithmetic, Algebra, Geome ry,
History Georgraphy and Science have had to be taught from the beginning, all three forms ta ing
the same lessons in these subjects. Thus there is the anomaly of primary schoolboys studying books
which are used in the higher forms of the Secondary School. In this lies the answer to criticisms
of lack of enterprise in not teaching typewriting and other secretarial and commercia subjects So
much leeway has to be made up in the subjects noimally taught in the Primary Schools that it is
not yet possible to make additions to the syllabus. In a very few years boys in Form I will be more
advanced than those in the present Third Form.
An indication of the rapid progress in English is that Science and Mathematics are now taught
in English in the Second and Third Forms. Another encouraging sign is that Yusif Shirawi, the top
bov in Form III last year, was able to enter Class IV of the American University Secondary School
at Beirut. The authorities reported that his Arabic and English were good but that his Mathematics
were weak. This boy holds the British Council Scholarship.
The unexpected loss of the Headmaster and an Assistant Master at the end of the year 1362
reduced the staff to two. At this time of the year it was not possible to find a foreigner, and there
are very few Bahrainis qualified to teach in the Secondary School. As a temporary measure the
Director is teaching Mathematics, Science and English.
The Hostel. The accommodation in the Hostel has been considerably increased. Eight
new rooms have been added thus doubling the number of rooms, and the kitchen, bathrooms and
latrines completely rebuilt. There are now six dormitories to accommodate 35 boys. Among the
new rooms added were a large games room and a library.
Boarders are under constant supervision and are expected to take part in keeping the building
clean and in good repair. They make their own beds and sweep out the dormitories.
Two boys from each of the Village Schools are living in the Hostel attending the
Manama Primary Schools. In this way it is hoped to train them as teachers so that in a few years
time they may return to their villages as school masters.
On 1st Rabi Awal (8th March 1943) His Highness, accompanied by Shaikh Abdulla bin Isa
and Shaikh Mohamed bin Isa, visited the Hostel to open the extension. He afterwards visited the
Secondary School and gave away the prizes.
Village Schools. There are three in number. In all cases the standard is deplorable.
We have now overcome the difficulty of over-crowding by adding two or more class rooms to each
school. Where formerly 80 to 90 children were sitting on the floor of one room each class now has
its own room and the maximum number of boys in a class is restricted to 40. In only three classes
out of 15 are there more than 25 in a room.
The local staff in the villages can barely read or write and have no conception of teaching or
discipline. These are gradually being replaced by teachers from the towns. These men very naturally
refuse to live in the villages but transport is provided for them daily.
The poverty of the villagers is lamentable. They are undernourished, miserably clad and
carry the dirt and disease of years. Four cases of venereal disease were reported during the year,
all of them being schoolboys under 14 years of age.
To alleviate their hardships every schoolboy is given two loaves of bread daily and during the
year they have been issued with two sets of clothing.
English Teaching. English is first taught in the second year of the Primary Schools.
In classes 2, 3 and 4 Basic English is used and is taught by the Direct Method. This has

About this item


This volume is the Annual Report of the Government of Bahrain for the year 1362 AH (1943) and gives the details of the Revenue and Expenditure of the Bahrain State and contains notes on the activities of the various Government departments, as well as the budget 1363 and some particulars of importance which took place in Bahrain during the year. It includes text, photographic images, graphs and tables. The report appears to be compiled from reports from various Government departments and officials. An Index appears on folio 278r, followed by a General Review by Charles Dalrymple Belgrave, Adviser to the Government of Bahrain (folio 279).

The contents are divided into the following sections and sub-sections:

  • Budget 1362 (folios 280r-281v): Revenue, Expenditure, Summary of Revenue and Expenditure for year 1362, and Statement of Revenue and Expenditure for year 1362;
  • The Diving Industry (folios 282r-282v);
  • Police and Public Security (folios 282v-284v): Strength, Duties, Uniform and Equipment, Rations, Police Pay, Jail, Crime, List of Police Prosecutions in the Bahrain Courts 1362, and List of Police Prosecutions in the Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. Court 1362;
  • Public Health, report by Dr R H B Snow, State Medical Officer (folios 285r-290r): Bahrain Government Hospital (Male Statistics 1943, Short Notes on Statistics, Chief Out-Patients Diseases, Predominating Out-Patients' Diseases (Men), Male In-Patients, Male In-Patients, Bahrain Government Isolation Hospital, Total Male In-Patients, Results of Treatment, Major Operations, Minor Operations, Injections, Laboratory and X-Ray Statistics, Bahrain Government Dispensaries, and Comparative Incidence of Predominating Diseases Hospital and Outlaying Dispensaries), Women's Hospital and Dispensaries report by Dr I M A Doeg, Lady Medical Officer (In-Patients Diseases Treated, Out-Patients Treated, Details of Obstetric Cases, Operations, Women's Dispensaries, Summary of Diseases Treated, Medical Work in the Girls Schools), and Matron's Report;
  • Land Registration Department (folio 290r-290v);
  • Judicial (folio 290v): Bahrain Courts;
  • Municipalities (folios 290v-291v): Manamah Municipality and Muharraq Municipality;
  • Wakf [Waqf] Department (folio 291v);
  • Education (folios 291v-295v): Boys' Schools report by F J Wakelin, Director of Education (School Statistics, Staff, The Secondary School, The Hostel, Village Schools, English Teaching, Medical, Equipment, British Council Assistance, Public Library, Clubs, School Plays, Games, Recruitment by the Oil Company, and Finance), Girls' School, and The Technical School report by Mr G E Hutchings, Principal (Students, Staff, and Scheme of Training);
  • Minors Department (folios 295v-296r);
  • Agriculture (folio 296r);
  • Passport Department (folio 296r-296v);
  • Food Control (folios 296v-297v);
  • State Engineer's Department, report by Mr W B Steele, State Engineer (folios 298r-302r): Statement of Energy generated, sold, etc., Profit and Loss Account, Balance Sheet, Load and Revenue Curve 1361, and Load and Revenue Curve 1362;
  • Oil Gauging (folios 303r-304r): Graph showing Field Production and Crude Oil Imports 1942 and Graph showing Field Production and Crude Oil Imports 1943;
  • Customs Department, report by Mr G W R Smith, Director of Customs and Port Officer (folios 305r-308r);
  • General (folio 308r): Investiture, Presentation of Guns, Distinguished Visitors (including Lord Wavell, the Viceroy Designate, Lord Linlithgow, Governor-General and Viceroy of India, Amirs Khalid and Mahomed [Muḥammad], sons of His Majesty King Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd]), Customs Directorate, Poor Relief Measures, Race Meeting, Sunni Kadhis [qādis], Obituary of Shaikh Mohamed bin Ali Al Khalifah [Muḥammad bin ‘Alī Āl Khalīfah];
  • Note on Budget 1363 (folios 309r-310r);
  • Budget 1363 (f. 308r).

Illustrations appear on one folio and they are labelled as follows:

  • Folio 283: 'Jail and Police quarters, Juda Island'.

On folio 310r there is an inscription that reads 'The Times of India Press, Bombay'. Handwritten annotations and corrections are present (for example, folio 305r).

Extent and format
1 volume (35 folios)

This file contains an index (folio 278r) which references pages of the report.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: Folios 276-311.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1362 (January 1943 - December 1943)' [‎292v] (34/72), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/750/8, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 18 September 2019]

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