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'Confidential 86/7-VIII B-45 P.C.L. TRUCIAL COAST' [‎197v] (399/444)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (218 folios). It was created in 12 Aug 1937-29 Dec 1937. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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4
7. Notwithstanding anything contained in the Agreement between the Company
and the Sheikh the Company shall not have the right to use or occupy, and shall
not include in the areas to be acquired or utilised for the purposes of its operations,
any sites which may have been selected by or on behalf of the Sheikh or His
Majesty’s Government for defence purposes, for aerodromes, aeroplane or seaplane
bases or for wireless and telegraph installations or in connection with the develop
ment of harbours, provided that with the consent of His Majesty’s Government
which shall not be unreasonably withheld the Company shall have the right to use
for the purposes of its operations such harbours as may be developed by*the Sheikh
or His Majesty’s Government if there is not reasonable harbour accommodation
available elsewhere. Subject to the terms of the Agreement between the Company
and the Sheikh harbours developed by the Company shall be under its complete
and exclusive control.
8. lelegraph, wireless and telephone installations, if any, maintained by the
Company shall be for use only in its business and as provided in the concession,
and shall be so constructed and operated that their operations shall not interfere
with the operations of such wireless, telegraph or telephone installations as may be
established by the Sheikh or His Majesty’s Government, or their agent.
9. In the event of a state of national emergency or war (of the existence of
either of which His Majesty’s Government shall be the sole judge) His Majesty’s
Government shall have the right of pre-emption of all the oil produced in Debai in
accordance with the terms of the Schedule hereto.
10. The Company shall obtain the prior permission of the Sheikh before
working in any particular area, in order that the Sheikh may be in a position to
fulfil his responsibilities for the protection of the Company. The Sheikh shall not
unreasonably withhold such permission, and in any case in which the Company
feels that the free movement of its personnel within the concession area is being
unnecessarily restricted the matter shall be referred for decision to the Political
Resident.
11. In the event of notice of termination of the Agreement between the Company
and the Sheikh being given on the ground that the Company has failed to observe
any of the terms of the present Agreement between the Company and His Majesty’s
Government, the arbitration provisions of the said Agreement between the Company
and the Sheikh shall apply if the Company considers that notice of termination on
such grounds is not justified, and in that event the Sheikh shall not cancel the said
Agreement until arbitration takes place in accordance with the said provisions and
unless the Company fails to comply with the award of the arbitrators within the
reasonable time which shall be fixed by the arbitrators for so doing.
IN WITNESS whereof John Charles Walton, C.B., on behalf of His Majesty’s
Government has hereunto set his hand and seal and the Company has hereunto
caused its Common Seal to be affixed the day and year first above written.
THE SCHEDULE above referred to.
Pre-emption Clause.
In the event of a state of national emergency or war (of the existence of which
His Majesty’s Government shall be the sole judge)—
(1) His Majesty’s Government shall have the right of pre-emption of all
crude oil gotten under the concession granted by the Sheikh to the Company
and of all the products thereof and shall have the right to require the
Company to the extent of any refining capacity it may have in Debai to
produce oil fuel that shall comply with the Admiralty specifications at the time
provided that Debai oil be of a suitable kind and quality for this purpose.
(2) The Company shall use its utmost endeavours to increase so far as
reasonably possible with existing facilities the supply of oil and/or products
thereof for the Government to the extent required by the Government.
(3) The Company shall with every reasonable expedition and so as to avoid
demurrage on the vessel or vessels engaged to convey the same, do its utmost
to deliver all oil or products of oil purchased by the Government under their

About this item

Content

The volume contains correspondence between the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Trenchard Craven Fowle, Olaf Kirkpatrick Caroe), the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain (Tom Hickinbotham, Hugh Weightman), the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent at Sharjah (Khan Sahib Saiyid ‘Abd al-Razzaq), the Secretary of State for India and Burma (Lawrence Dundas, 2nd Marquess of Zetland), India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (John Charles Walton, Alexander Colin Symon, John Percival Gibson) and Petroleum Concessions Limited (Frederick Lewisohn, Stephen Hemsley Longrigg, Frank Holmes, Basil Henry Lermitte, Ernest Vincent Packer) regarding negotiations for oil concessions on the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. .

The correspondence focuses on the negotiations between Shaikh Sultan bin Salim [Shaikh Sulṭān bin Sālim Āl Qasimī], Ruler of Ras al Khaimah [Ra's al Khaymah] and Basil Henry Lermitte of Petroleum Concessions Limited (PCL) and the progress made in attempting to reach an acceptable agreement for both parties.

Also included in the volume are details of the situation with the Shaikh Ahmad bin Rashid [Aḥmad bin rāshid Āl Mu'alla] of Umm al Qaiwain [Umm al Qaywayn] who wishes to await the conclusion of the Ras al Khaimah negotiations before agreeing to a concession with PCL; Shaikh Rashid bin Humaid [Rāshid Bin Ḥumaid Al-Nu`aimī], Ruler of Ajman who wishes to await the expiry of his existing option with PCL before commencing negotiations; and Shaikh Shakhbut bin Sultan bin Zaid [Shaikh Shakhbūt bin Sulṭān bin Zāyid Āl Nahyān], Ruler of Abu Dhabi, with whom it is concluded that negotiations should be put on hold until the Shaikh’s uncle and chief adviser Khalifa bin Zaid [Khalīfah bin Zāyid Āl Nahyān] had returned from Braimi [Al Buraymī].

Further discussions refer to Qatar, where PCL intended concluding their geological explorations and to commence their drilling programme; and Muscat and Dhofar where they hoped to make use of an RAF plane in order to reach more remote areas for geological survey.

Also included in the volume is confirmation of the acceptance by Shaikh Sultan bin Saqar [Sulṭān bin Saqr Āl Qasimī], Ruler of Sharjah of the political agreement and exchange of notes required by His Majesty’s Government in order approve the concession agreement made with Petroleum Concessions Limited; and the signing of the oil concession agreement in Sharjah on 13 September 1937. Later correspondence discusses some typing errors identified in the text of the concession agreement and the need for the political agreement to be the same as Debai’s [Dubai] and not the amended version recently approved by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. . Copies of the signed concession can be found at folios 6-85 and 157-175, and a copy of the political agreement and letters to be exchanged at folios 179-186.

Other matters discussed in the volume include:

A series of file notes which were maintained as a record of the correspondence in the volume can be found at folios 202-215.

Extent and format
1 volume (218 folios)
Arrangement

The volume contains a table of contents on folio 5 consisting of subject headings and page references. The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional mixed foliation/pagination sequence is also present in parallel between ff 7-203; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled. The additional sequence is located in the same position as the main foliation, though some numbers are instead located on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. . A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superceded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Confidential 86/7-VIII B-45 P.C.L. TRUCIAL COAST' [‎197v] (399/444), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/678, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100024256421.0x0000c8> [accessed 20 November 2019]

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