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'File 53/11 II (D 11) Kuwait: Sheikh's Fao Properties, 1905-1910' [‎135r] (297/587)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (291 folios). It was created in 23 Dec 1904-10 Jul 1910. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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the fort embankment ; an 1 that , v/hen the fort was
built , he and the fort authorities combined amicably
to embank or repair embankiaents together . He says
that » since that date , 35 years ago he has carried
out yearly and even more frequent repairs , as occ
asion denanded , to the embankment and his men 'have
never been interfered with tmtil now .
In aixvpart of this contention , he has produced
copies of certain correspondane^which took place in
the early part of the year be u we en His j^ccellency th-
Wali of Basra and the Kaiia—mokaai of Fao • It must be
said that these do nov appear to be official copies ,
but they were probably furnished by "oha Kaim-mokam
of Fao to the Sheikh . Bheikh Ilobarak explains that
certificated copies of Turkish records are not pro
curable • In that correspondence , he Kaim-mokam
corroborates the destructior^y night of the embank-
ment b3 r Turkish soldiers - in itself a suiiicientl^
lawless and high-handed proceeding , for which it
would not^e too much to demand the punishment ol ua
officer oorimanding the fort -and the Sheikhas atata-
ment that the embankment is an old one . The letoera
of x-he Kaim-mokm also indicate thvt the nearness of
the cultivation to the fort is the reason whs tne
embankment was destroyed •
A Turkish CoMaision , composed of the following
members ,
The commander of the Turkish corvette
The Kaim-mokam of ffao
A Yus-bashi from Basra
sat on the question . No Kowait representative was
present , according toSheikh Mobarak . The embankment
had not been repaired after tjTe damage done to then
by the Turkish soldiers an t have noi been rep .ired ye^"
The Conation expressed the opinion that there wao
no necessity to interfere with the embankments , but
that they obstructed the view from the fort and that

About this item


This file contains correspondence regarding Shaikh Mubārak Āl Ṣabāḥ's (the ruler of Kuwait) ownership of date gardens in Fao [the Al Faw Peninsula]. Much of the correspondence is between British officials but the file also contains copies - in both English and Arabic - of correspondence directly between Mubārak and British officials.

The correspondence discusses tensions between Mubārak and the Ottoman authorities in Basra regarding his ownership of land surrounding a military fort in Fao and British attempts to mediate in this disagreement. A sketch map of this land is contained in the file on folio 177.

On folio 51 the file contains a copy - in Arabic - of a settlement agreed between Mubārak and his relatives regarding ownership of properties in Fao. The settlement was registered at the British Consulate in Bussora [Basra] 8 January 1908.

Extent and format
1 volume (291 folios)

File is arranged in chronological order, from earliest at beginning of the file to most recent at end.

An index of topics discussed in the file is contained on folio 1c.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence in this file commences at the front cover and terminates at the back cover; these numbers are typed (with additions and clarifications in ink or pencil), and can be found in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The following foliation errors occur in this file: 1, 1A, 1B, 1C and 1D; 6 and 6A; 59a, 59b and 59c; 62 and 62A; 79 and 79A; 89 and 89A; 94 and 94A; 227, 227A and 227B; 258 and 258A.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 53/11 II (D 11) Kuwait: Sheikh's Fao Properties, 1905-1910' [‎135r] (297/587), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/484, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 26 February 2020]

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