'File 9/10 1. Levy Corps Sepoy running amok; 2. Disbandment of Levy Corps; 3. Formation of armed Police Corps' [12v] (26/386)
The record is made up of 1 file (189 folios). It was created in 8 Aug 1926-24 Aug 1928. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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About this item
The file contains correspondence related to a number of serious incidents, including two cases of attempted murder and a double murder, occurring in Bahrain in August 1926. The double murder, which was committed by a sepoy in the Bahrain Levy Corps, led to the immediate disbandment of the force, and the formation of a new armed police force for Bahrain in its place. The main correspondents in the file are the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Bahrain (Major Clive Daly until September 1926, Lieutenant-Colonel Cyril Barrett thereafter), the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. (Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Prideaux), the Assistant to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. (Captain Horner), and the Advisor to the Bahrain Government (Charles Dalrymple-Belgrave).
On 4 August 1926, a Levy sepoy ran amok at the Corps' fort, killing two and injuring Major Daly. Daly's first-hand account of the incident, written on 8 August 1926, is included in the file (handwritten copy folios 3-7, typewritten copy folio 60-65). In response to the incident, the Assistant Resident and his Indian Assistant, along with HMS Triad and HMS Cyclamen were despatched to Bahrain. The murderer, Ismail bin Shah Murad, and an alleged accomplice, a Mullah closely associated with the Corps, were put under arrest. The incident closely followed the attempted murder of the chief of police on 2 August 1926. Following the double murder, a spate of violence and break-ins were reported in Bahrain (folio 18). Ismail bin Shah Murad's trial took place on 13 August, during which he pleaded guilty to all charges and was sentenced to death (court report, folios 71-94). On 29 August Daly reported by telegram to Prideaux that anonymous letters had been received at the Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. , threatening the lives of himself, Belgrave, and the Director of the customs house (Mr de Grenier), if the accused man was executed as intended (folio 41). The original anonymous letters are included in the file (folios 98, 99). In the same telegram Daly reported a further shooting of a policeman in Manama.
The murderer was executed by firing squad on 21 September 1926 (reported by Barrett, folio 133). The Mullah, Sayed Suleman bin Sayed, initially suspected by Daly as being a 'Bolo' agent (a Bolshevik or Russian spy, folios 15-16), was investigated and his personal papers examined (papers listed on folios 180-81). He was ordered to leave Bahrain for a minimum of two years (folios 114-15). In the wake of these incidents, the Levy Corps was immediately disbanded and plans made to despatch its Muscati and Makrani members back to their countries of origin (folio 11). Plans were also made for the recruitment of an armed police force, recruited from British subjects in the police forces of the Punjab (folios 53-54). Belgrave was placed in charge of the new police force, and travelled to Lahore in November 1926 to supervise its recruitment (folios 161-64).
- Extent and format
- 1 file (189 folios)
The contents of the file, the majority of which was produced in the space of a few weeks between August and September 1926, are not arranged in any apparent particular order. There is only a very approximate chronological order, indicated by the fact that the earliest item is at the front of the file, and the latest correspondence is at the end of the file.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: The file is foliated from the front cover to the inside-back cover, using circled pencil numbers in the top-right corner of each recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . Foliation anomalies: folios 34 and 35 are in reverse order, to preserve the correct order of telgram correspondence.
- Written in
- English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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'File 9/10 1. Levy Corps Sepoy running amok; 2. Disbandment of Levy Corps; 3. Formation of armed Police Corps' [12v] (26/386), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/137, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100024467563.0x00001b> [accessed 9 December 2019]
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- 'File 9/10 1. Levy Corps Sepoy running amok; 2. Disbandment of Levy Corps; 3. Formation of armed Police Corps'
- front, front-i, 1r:97v, 100v, 102r:107v, 108v:135v, 137r:159v, 160v, 164v:169v, 170v:173v, 174v:176v, 177v:178v, 179v:191v, back, back-i
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