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'Vol-B.44. Confidential 86/7-vii. P.C.L. TRUCIAL COAST' [‎119r] (242/404)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (198 folios). It was created in 26 May 1937-9 Aug 1937. It was written in English, Arabic and Persian. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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London. Holmes for reasons of health leaving bharjah by
aeroplane July 22nd for Kuwait next day Basrah. Bely
ing on receiving remittance from Basrah if aeroplane seat
available for Holmes of advance funds to fly direct to
London. Otherwise will proceed via Constantinople to
Germany and Vienna remaining there time for necessary
treatment. Lnds
2. I am issuing instructions to Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent in
accordance with your telegrams under reference.
5. (a) Ras al Khaimah, Sharjah, and Umm al Qaiwain having
been informed in terms of paragraph 2 of India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors.
telegram No. 1674 of June 17th have ceased to be
/ urgent. I tnink it advisable but not essential
to have Ras al Khaimah option extended ana Umm al
(*aiwain one concluded in order to strengthen our
hands in the event of an American protest. Poss
ibly Lermitte who is here might relieve Holmes.
(b) Ajman option does not expire till January 2Sra 19b6
ana no negotiations have been commenced. No
action need be taken.
(c) Abu Dhabi option expires January 4th 1958.
In view of Holmes’s return I suggest that Company
inform Shaikhs that they propose to open negotiations with them
in October when the weather will be more conducive to clear
thinking. If you see no objection Yusuf Kanoo could be allowed
to go to Abu Dhabi after having been cautioned by me rego.rding
his conduct. He might be able to complete preliminaries before
serious negotiations in October. /
4. I propose to keep to my programme and proceed to
Sharjah on Wednesday July 21st returning on Sunday July 25th
if I can arrange accommodation on those days. I will complete
Debai/

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Content

The volume primarily consists of correspondence between the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Trenchard Craven Fowle, Percy Gordon Loch); Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain (Tom Hickinbotham); the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent at Sharjah (Khan Sahib Abd ‘al-Razzaq) the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (John Charles Walton, Maurice Clauson) and Petroleum Concessions Limited (Frank Holmes, Basil Henry Lermitte, Stephen Hemsley Longrigg, Frederick Lewisohn); the main subject of discussion is the negotiations between the Shaikh Sultan bin Saqar [Sulṭān bin Saqr Āl Qasimī], Ruler of Sharjah and Major Frank Holmes, negotiator for Petroleum Concessions Limited.

The correspondence discusses the negotiations for a commercial concession in Sharjah, which are concluded in the beginning of July 1937 with the Shaikh agreeing to sign the concession; and his subsequent concern over the Political Agreement and Exchange of Notes relating to the concession agreement.

Also discussed in connection with concession agreements is a letter drafted by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. which contained an ultimatum to be used should any Shaikh appear to be holding out in negotiations with Petroleum Concessions Limited (PCL) with the intention of opening negotiations instead with the Standard Oil Company of California. The ultimatum stated that should the Shaikh in question not wish to give his concession to PCL, he would not be permitted to negotiate with or grant a concession to, any other company. The ultimatum was issued to the Shaikh’s of Sharjah, Ras al Khaimah and Umm al Qaiwain.

Further correspondence relates to PCL’s interest in exploring the territory west of the Oman mountain range and the subsequent discussion regarding which rulers claimed responsibility over the territory, whether they had actual authority there or whether it was in the hands of local shaikhs, and how PCL should approach exploring there in those circumstances.

The correspondence includes a detailed assessment by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain, Tom Hickinbotham, of the areas in question and outlines what he knows of the areas of the tribes that claimed ownership including the Beni Kitab [Beni Qitab] (also given as Beni Chittab); Naim [Āl Na‘īm], Bu Shamis [Āl Bū Shāmis] and Duroor [Al-Durur] as well as outlining where he believed the Shaikh of Abu Dhabi and Sultan of Muscat’s areas of authority to be. The correspondence concludes by recommending that the Company be persuaded to delay their explorations into this territory until the following year in order to permit the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent to spend the winter visiting and exploring these areas in order to ascertain a more accurate knowledge of the situation.

Other matters discussed in the volume include:

Correspondence with the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. Shaikhs is in English and Arabic; letters from the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company contain Persian and English letterheads.

A series of file notes which were maintained as a record of the correspondence in the volume can be found at folios 191-196.

Extent and format
1 volume (198 folios)
Arrangement

The volume contains a table of contents on folio 4 consisting of subject headings and page references. The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 5-190; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English, Arabic and Persian in Latin and Arabic script
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'Vol-B.44. Confidential 86/7-vii. P.C.L. TRUCIAL COAST' [‎119r] (242/404), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/677, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100025313702.0x00002b> [accessed 12 November 2019]

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