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'File 8/7 I Jidda Intelligence Reports' [‎62r] (123/536)

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The record is made up of 1 file (266 folios). It was created in Jul 1931-Dec 1934. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Chapter III .—Foreign Relations.
General's Hejazi Mission.
194. The mission arrived in Paris about the beginning of May, after a
short stay in Geneva. They came on from Paris to London on the 7th May and
stayed until the 16th May. They subsequently visited The Hague (the 16th to the
19th May), Berlin (the 20th to the 24th May), Warsaw (the 25th to the 28th May),
Moscow (the 29th May to the 5th June), Constantinople (the 9th to the 12th June),
and Angora (the 13th to the 19th June, or earlier). They were expected to reach
Tehran via Constantinople and Baku on the 28th June. The dates given are
approximate. Various references are made elsewhere to the business done. On the
ceremonial side, the mission seem to have been received with much honour in all
the capitals from which information has been received, but to have attracted
comparatively little public attention. They lunched with President Doumer just
before his assassination, and Fuad Bey flew from London to Paris to attend the
funeral. They were given military honours at Dover, and met at Victoria by
representatives of the King and Sir John Simon. In London they stayed as the
guests of His Majesty’s Government at the Dorchester; visited Windsor privately
on the 8th May; were received by His Majesty the King at Buckingham Palace
on the 9th May, and visited the Morris Works in pouring rain that afternoon;
attended a reception by the Hejazi Minister on the 10th May, and dined that
evening with His Majesty’s Government at the Foreign Office, Sir John Simon
presiding; were shown the Port of London, including the wine vaults full of
alcoholic fumes, on the 11th May; and saw a display at Aldershot on the
12th May. The Amir attended their Majesty’s Court on the 11th May, and
Fuad Bey the second Court on the 12th May. The Amir showed intelligent
interest in what he saw, acquitted himself well at all functions, and appeared
to enjoy his visit, in spite of a heavy cold, contracted in France, happily. Fuad
Bey attended as few functions as possible, saw to the business side, which the
Amir left entirely to him, and visited the House of Commons. The Amir was
made a G.B.E., Fuad Bey a K.B.E. The official visit ended on the 14th May,
and the mission fended for themselves during the Whitsun week-end. The
farewell messages were most cordial, and included a happily-drafted message to
the “charming people’’ of Great Britain, as well as the more conventional
expressions of thanks to the King, &c. At The Hague the mission was received
by the Queen, and visited the Netherlands East Indies Exhibition. A day was
spent in Amsterdam. Little information is available regarding the subsequent
visits, except that on the Russian frontier the mission was hailed not only by
officials but by brass bands, which “ played the International and various Arabian
airs,” and were in Moscow entertained in the manner provided for State guests
of the second category of importance. They also visited Leningrad.
International Conferences, &c.
195. There is nothing important to record.
Great Britain.
196. The Hejazi Mission (i.e., for practical purposes Fuad Bey Hamza, as
the Amir Feisal attended only the first business meeting, which was little more
than formal) raised the following questions, which were discussed at official
meetings on the 9th and 13th May :—
(1) General Relations .—The mission expressed Ibn Saud’s misgivings as to
whether His Majesty’s Government loved hinj as wholeheartedly as of
old. and his anxiety to be guided in his policy by the views of His
Majesty’s Government, to whom he looked for both moral and material
support. Sir L. Oliphant made cordial and reassuring statements in
general terms on behalf of His Majesty’s Government.
(2) Possibility of a Loan and Economic Developments. —As regards the
former, see paragraph 165. As regards the latter, Fuad Bey
mentioned Mr. Twitched’s surveys and the King’s desire to look to
Great Britain in all things. Nothing conclusive emerged.
[542 c—3] c 2

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Content

The file contains intelligence reports on the Kingdom of Hejaz, Najd and its Dependencies (after September 1932, Saudi Arabia) written by the British Legation at Jeddah.

Between July 1931 and December 1932 the reports are issued every two months, with the exception of the January-March 1932 and April 1932 reports. From January 1933 the reports are sent on a monthly basis.

Between July 1931 and December 1932, each report is divided into sections, numbered with Roman numerals from I to IX, as follows: Internal Affairs; Frontier Questions; Relations with States outside Arabia; Air Matters; Military Matters; Naval Matters; Pilgrimage; Slavery; and Miscellaneous. Each section is then further divided into parts relating to a particular matter or place, under a sub-heading. Some reports contain an annex.

From January 1933, when the reports become monthly, they take a new format. Each is divided into sections, as follows: Internal Affairs; Frontier Questions and Foreign Relations in Arabia; Relations with Powers Outside Arabia; Miscellaneous (often containing information on slavery and the pilgrimage).

Most reports are preceded by the covering letters from the Government of India, who distributed them to Political Offices in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and elsewhere, and the original covering letter from the Jeddah Legation, who would send them to the Government of India and Government departments in London. From May 1933, most reports were sent directly to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain from Jeddah.

Up until January 1933, each report began with an index giving a breakdown of the sections with references to the corresponding paragraph number. From January 1933 onwards no index is included.

Extent and format
1 file (266 folios)
Arrangement

The file is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover and terminates at the back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional incomplete foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 6-11; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'File 8/7 I Jidda Intelligence Reports' [‎62r] (123/536), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/295, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100025543724.0x00007c> [accessed 17 November 2019]

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