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'File 8/7 I Jidda Intelligence Reports' [‎74r] (147/536)

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The record is made up of 1 file (266 folios). It was created in Jul 1931-Dec 1934. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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II.— Frontier Questions.
Transjordan.
Raiding.
297. No raids either way were reported as having taken place during
September and October. When the old matter of liquidating the raid of the
28th September, 1931, and thereby other raids of the past, was resuscitated, the
Saudi Arab Government replied on the 23rd October still maintaining that the
victims, the Atun section of the Huweytat, were their subjects and should have
come to them for justice.
Aftermath of Rebellion.
298. British military forces were withdrawn from the Aqaba area on the
2nd September, the Arab Legion taking it over. The Transjordan authorities
reported on the 3rd September that the economic blockade of the disaffected area
had been raised. By the middle of the month between 200 and 300
refugees had been disarmed and dispersed in Transjordan and into Sinai. Only
a part of the Beni Atiya rebel contingent under Ibn Farhan remained unaccounted
for in the Hisma country south of the border. All property in the Hejaz of rebels
and their sympathisers was confiscated by a decree of the 2nd September.
Mutual Recognition.
299. On the 1st September His Majesty's High Commissioner for Trans
jordan drew from the Amir Abdullah the promise that in deference to His
Majesty’s Government's wishes he was ready to recognise Ibn Saud
unconditionally as King of the Hejaz and Nejd. He begged that recognition
should be mutual. On the 11th September King Feisal visited Amman and the
Arabic press soon afterwards announced that he had persuaded his brother to
recognise Ibn Saud. His Majesty's Government’s views as to the establishment
of future relations were conveyed to Ibn Saud on the 6th October. His reply of
the 13th October announced his readiness to recognise the Amir Abdullah as
ruler of Transjordan and to enter treaty negotiations under certain conditions.
Beni A tiya.
300. Half-way through October the Acting High Commissioner for Trans
jordan decided as a disciplinary measure to remove certain sections of the Beni
Atiya, who were still camped at Kerak, back into the Hejaz. At his urgent
request His Majesty's Charge d'Affaires informed the Saudi Arab Government
of the decision Although they agreed to the move, it was delayed pending a full
discussion between the Transjordan authorities and His Majesty’s Government
of a number of points of principle as well as detail.
Haditha.
301. This place (vide paragraphs 249 and 250) was found in October to be
on the Nejdi side of the frontier. So a formula was prepared in which this
information was conveyed to the Saudi Government in such a way as not to
commit His Majesty's Government irrevocably.
Iraq.
302. News was received in September that a little frontier friction caused
by an over-zealous Iraqi official in July had been satisfactorily removed and the
man punished. A somewhat similar case which had also arisen in July, but from
the Nejdi side, does not seem to have been settled, nor has anything more been
heard of the Judaidat-al-Arar dispute (vide paragraph 252).
Koweit and Bahrein.
“ Blockade "of Koweit.
303. Although the practical difficulties raised by Ibn Saud to the dutying
of his subjects’ imports over the Koweit frontier do not seem to affect their very
[655 f—1] b 3

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Content

The file contains intelligence reports on the Kingdom of Hejaz, Najd and its Dependencies (after September 1932, Saudi Arabia) written by the British Legation at Jeddah.

Between July 1931 and December 1932 the reports are issued every two months, with the exception of the January-March 1932 and April 1932 reports. From January 1933 the reports are sent on a monthly basis.

Between July 1931 and December 1932, each report is divided into sections, numbered with Roman numerals from I to IX, as follows: Internal Affairs; Frontier Questions; Relations with States outside Arabia; Air Matters; Military Matters; Naval Matters; Pilgrimage; Slavery; and Miscellaneous. Each section is then further divided into parts relating to a particular matter or place, under a sub-heading. Some reports contain an annex.

From January 1933, when the reports become monthly, they take a new format. Each is divided into sections, as follows: Internal Affairs; Frontier Questions and Foreign Relations in Arabia; Relations with Powers Outside Arabia; Miscellaneous (often containing information on slavery and the pilgrimage).

Most reports are preceded by the covering letters from the Government of India, who distributed them to Political Offices in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and elsewhere, and the original covering letter from the Jeddah Legation, who would send them to the Government of India and Government departments in London. From May 1933, most reports were sent directly to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain from Jeddah.

Up until January 1933, each report began with an index giving a breakdown of the sections with references to the corresponding paragraph number. From January 1933 onwards no index is included.

Extent and format
1 file (266 folios)
Arrangement

The file is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover and terminates at the back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional incomplete foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 6-11; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'File 8/7 I Jidda Intelligence Reports' [‎74r] (147/536), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/295, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100025543724.0x000094> [accessed 15 November 2019]

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