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'File 8/7 I Jidda Intelligence Reports' [‎187r] (373/536)

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The record is made up of 1 file (266 folios). It was created in Jul 1931-Dec 1934. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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103. Ton Sa’ud may have had news of the Amir Sa ! u& less
happy than that from * bii‘3 Yemen littoral. He may have
realised that in any case future military developments might
he unfavourable, if the Imam were merely conserving his almost
unused forces* He may have feared the disapproval, of the
Arab world, whose self appointed representatives remained at
his side throughout May, if he should attempt uo desrrcy the
independence of the lemen* He may nave ieared, ioreign
interventic i
(soe 'below) in the same contingency. Whatever
his reasons, he decided about Hay 12 to suspend operations on
all fronts and to resume peace negetianons, on one Sw-rengoh
of a telegram from the Imam promising immediate compliance
with his preliminary condicions, the surrender of the Idrisis,
the evacuation of the Beni Ma-ik-Yaifa area, and whe release
of the hostages taken therein.
104. The Im&m again failed to keep these promises but the
negotiations were pursued at Taif and with such success that
by May 25 a complete peace treaty had been signed. It gave
Najran to Ibn Sa T ud and adopted the previous de.facto frontier
as the definite boundary between the two countries elsewhere.
There was only one snag. The King did not tighten up his
preliminary ccncf.tions» as he had seen expected uo do and as
some ad least of his advisers hoped he would do. He did not
ask for an indemnity or for the at least temporary retention
of Ku.deyda, but he made the entry into force of the treaty
conditional on immediate compliance with his preliminary
conditions as they stood. Indeed he let it oe knovvn chat,
if the 7 were not complied with by May 2b, he wouio. re-Suart
hostilities and had made all preparations for uhac contingency.
A resui ubion of hostilities seemed inevifcaoie on the
T 'T O “ v 1
Ox mo-.
9 ’out a communique issued that afternoon announced
that the King had decided to prolong the truce " for a few days',’

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The file contains intelligence reports on the Kingdom of Hejaz, Najd and its Dependencies (after September 1932, Saudi Arabia) written by the British Legation at Jeddah.

Between July 1931 and December 1932 the reports are issued every two months, with the exception of the January-March 1932 and April 1932 reports. From January 1933 the reports are sent on a monthly basis.

Between July 1931 and December 1932, each report is divided into sections, numbered with Roman numerals from I to IX, as follows: Internal Affairs; Frontier Questions; Relations with States outside Arabia; Air Matters; Military Matters; Naval Matters; Pilgrimage; Slavery; and Miscellaneous. Each section is then further divided into parts relating to a particular matter or place, under a sub-heading. Some reports contain an annex.

From January 1933, when the reports become monthly, they take a new format. Each is divided into sections, as follows: Internal Affairs; Frontier Questions and Foreign Relations in Arabia; Relations with Powers Outside Arabia; Miscellaneous (often containing information on slavery and the pilgrimage).

Most reports are preceded by the covering letters from the Government of India, who distributed them to Political Offices in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and elsewhere, and the original covering letter from the Jeddah Legation, who would send them to the Government of India and Government departments in London. From May 1933, most reports were sent directly to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain from Jeddah.

Up until January 1933, each report began with an index giving a breakdown of the sections with references to the corresponding paragraph number. From January 1933 onwards no index is included.

Extent and format
1 file (266 folios)

The file is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover and terminates at the back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional incomplete foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 6-11; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence.

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English in Latin script
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'File 8/7 I Jidda Intelligence Reports' [‎187r] (373/536), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/295, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 18 November 2019]

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