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'File 8/9 Bahrain Government Annual Report' [‎27r] (58/298)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (145 folios). It was created in 16 Jul 1930-11 Jul 1931. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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/ 9 ,
Education.
Important changes in the administration of the State
Schools have been made during the year.
Previous state of Education. The Government schools,
which previously consisted of one school in Muharrak and
one school in Manamah, were founded about ten years ago
by Shaikh Abdullah bin Isa al Khalifah, after his return
from his first visit to England. Both schools were
Sunni. Until this year they were nominally under Shaikh
Abdullah’s direction, assisted by a Council of Education
consisting of merchants chosen for their wealth rather
than their learning. In practice they were managed
by Haji Yusuf Fakhroo, the Treasurer, and Said Othman
Hurani, the Syrian headmaster of the Muharrak school.
A sum which finally reached Rs 3370/-, was paid monthly
by the Government to the Treasurer, and no questions were
asked as to education or accounts. Interference by the
Government in school matters was considered impolitic.
Originally about three lacs One lakh is equal to one hundred thousand rupees of rupees Indian silver coin also widely used in the Persian Gulf. were collected
from the public to start the schools. The building of the
Muharrak school was supposed to cost two lacs One lakh is equal to one hundred thousand rupees , an incredibly
large amount. Much publicity was given some years ago
in the Egyptian press to the gross mismanagement of pub
lic money by the Treasurer but nothing was definitely
proved.
Most of the teachers were appointed by the Muharrak
headmaster, who introduced a number of his own relations;
another member of the Council, the son of the notorious
Shaikh Abdul Wahab Ziayanim, supplied a large proportion
of the teachers from his own relations. Nepotism flour
ished to an extraordinary degree and salaries depended
not on the ability of the teachers but on their friendship
with the headmaster and one or two members of the council.

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Content

The volume contains the annual Government of Bahrain reports for the years AH 1348 and 1349. Both reports include budgets for the upcoming year and are written by the Adviser to the Bahrain Government, Sir Charles Dalrymple Belgrave.

The reports are submitted by Belgrave to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain, Charles Geoffrey Prior, who then forwards them to the Political Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , at Bushire. The correspondence relating to this process are included in the volume.

The 1348 report (folios 8-68), submitted in July 1930, is divided into sections corresponding to a particular subject, as follows: Budget 1349; Notes on Budget, for 1349; Notes on Revenue for 1348; Notes on Expenditure; Education; Judicial; Public Works; Wakf Departments; Municipalities; General.

The report includes an index (folio 8) which lists the sections in alphabetical order, with reference to page numbers. Most of these page numbers are not present in the document itself.

The 1349 report (folios 76-134), submitted in July 1931, is divided in a similar way, as follows: Budget 1350; Statements of Receipts and Expenditure; Comparative analysis; The Pearl Industry; Police and Public Security; Land Department; Education; Manamah Municipality; Muharrak [Muharraq] Municipality; Agriculture; Quarantine; Electricity; Press Propaganda; General. There is no index.

Folio 69 is a letter from Belgrave to Prior regarding two Bahraini boys educated at the American University of Beyrout [Beirut].

Folios 135-37 are correspondence between Prior and Claud Cranbrook Lewis de Grenier, Director of Customs at Bahrain, regarding a recent drop in trans-shipment duty in Bahrain.

The volume contains the following photographs:

  • Jaffariah School (folio 45);
  • Manamah-Muharrak [Manama-Muharraq] Bridge (two photographs, folio 46);
  • a new "sea road" north of the Customs House (folio 57);
  • a new quarantine site (two photographs, folio 115).

Folio 116 is a blueprint of the new quarantine.

Extent and format
1 volume (145 folios)
Arrangement

The volume is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 147; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 25-70; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'File 8/9 Bahrain Government Annual Report' [‎27r] (58/298), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/306, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100025547958.0x00003b> [accessed 20 April 2024]

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