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'File 8/9 Bahrain Government Annual Report' [‎125r] (254/298)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (145 folios). It was created in 16 Jul 1930-11 Jul 1931. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Bahrain has as usual attractad considarable attantion
during tha yaa.r in tha local Arab and Persian press currant
in this part of the Hear East. Most of the criticisms have
been of a hostile nature especially those emanating from
Tne following are some of the most pointed remarks which
indicate the nature of the various nev/spaper articles,
*ML-QMRliE" Egyptian Arabic Review (Safar 1349)
#/ The Ruler of Bahrain is Shaikh Hamed bin Isa alKhalifah
who was appointed by the British to act in the place of
his father Shaikh Isa (who is still alive) as he was
too N old and not fit to rule the people. Men he (Shaikh
Isa) was managing the affairs of this unfortunate country
he used to cancel his .orders immediately if they were noi
approved of by any of his sons. His sons used to quar
rel and fight with each other in order to gain power,
this fact led to an anarchic state of affairs; when the
British saw this, they removed him, (Shaikh Isa) and
appointed his son Shaikh Hamed in his place.
^Shaikh Hamad bin Isa al Khalifah, the Shaikh of Bahrain
is 50 years of. age. He is tne Shaikh of Bahrain in
name, but not in reality, as the management of the affairs
of this country is in the hands of the Adviser and British
Consul ( Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. ). He (Shaikh Hamed) receives
a monthly allowance of £ 700/-. The inhabitants are
very pleased with the justice administered by the said
Adviser and want no one to rule them other than the British
Shaikh Hamed does not know any language, but he can read
and write Arabic. He is in the habit of passing witty
remarks and talking much. He is very sincere to the
exalted British Government and prays inwardly and openly
for their glory and existence.
''The members of al-Khalifah receive large allowances from
the State without doing any service to the State whatsoever.
It would have been better if these -went were spent on re
forms, as the State is in need of many reforms"^ for which it
is in need of money.
"There are many big pearl merchants in Bahrain, but it is
regreted that they spend nothing of what they have collect
ed in the interests of their country.
"The majority of the Arabs in Bahrain are sincere to His
Majesty bin Saud the King of Hijaz Najd and dependencies.
They (the Arabs) pray always for the glory and progress of
his country. They say that Ibn Saud is npt the King of
Hijaz and Hajd alone, but that he is the King of all the
Arabs. Undoubtedly he is the man who sprang among the
Arabs and is looked upon as the most prominent person. mT
Both Persian and Arabic papers commented on the question

About this item


The volume contains the annual Government of Bahrain reports for the years AH 1348 and 1349. Both reports include budgets for the upcoming year and are written by the Adviser to the Bahrain Government, Sir Charles Dalrymple Belgrave.

The reports are submitted by Belgrave to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain, Charles Geoffrey Prior, who then forwards them to the Political Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , at Bushire. The correspondence relating to this process are included in the volume.

The 1348 report (folios 8-68), submitted in July 1930, is divided into sections corresponding to a particular subject, as follows: Budget 1349; Notes on Budget, for 1349; Notes on Revenue for 1348; Notes on Expenditure; Education; Judicial; Public Works; Wakf Departments; Municipalities; General.

The report includes an index (folio 8) which lists the sections in alphabetical order, with reference to page numbers. Most of these page numbers are not present in the document itself.

The 1349 report (folios 76-134), submitted in July 1931, is divided in a similar way, as follows: Budget 1350; Statements of Receipts and Expenditure; Comparative analysis; The Pearl Industry; Police and Public Security; Land Department; Education; Manamah Municipality; Muharrak [Muharraq] Municipality; Agriculture; Quarantine; Electricity; Press Propaganda; General. There is no index.

Folio 69 is a letter from Belgrave to Prior regarding two Bahraini boys educated at the American University of Beyrout [Beirut].

Folios 135-37 are correspondence between Prior and Claud Cranbrook Lewis de Grenier, Director of Customs at Bahrain, regarding a recent drop in trans-shipment duty in Bahrain.

The volume contains the following photographs:

  • Jaffariah School (folio 45);
  • Manamah-Muharrak [Manama-Muharraq] Bridge (two photographs, folio 46);
  • a new "sea road" north of the Customs House (folio 57);
  • a new quarantine site (two photographs, folio 115).

Folio 116 is a blueprint of the new quarantine.

Extent and format
1 volume (145 folios)

The volume is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 147; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 25-70; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'File 8/9 Bahrain Government Annual Report' [‎125r] (254/298), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/306, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 April 2024]

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