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'File 8/15 Arab Series - 1933-1939' [‎26v] (52/434)

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The record is made up of 1 file (214 folios). It was created in 31 Aug 1933-20 Mar 1939. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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46
(4) Qatar .—The A.P.O.C., acting on their own initiative but with the
object of transfer to the I.P.C. secured an exclusive option from the Sheikh to
carry out geological investigations for a period of two years with the right to
apply for a concession within that period. A draft concession approved by the
I.P.C. has recently been submitted by the A.P.O.C. to the Sheikh.
(5) Koweit Neutral Zone .—The present position in regard to this area is
not clear. It may be true that Major Holmes’s primary object in coming to
Jedda in April 1933 was to obtain Ibn Sand’s consent to a regrant, so far as
the Saudi Government are concerned, of a concession for this area. But it
may also be the. case that so far as Ibn Sand is concerned, he has included the
Neutral Zone with the Hasa Concession. This position is at present under
consideration by His Majesty’s Government.
(6) Farsan Islands .—There has been no activity since 1928 and both the
Shell and the Anglo-Persian have recently informed the Petroleum Depart
ment that they are not interested any longer in obtaining a concession over
these islands.
August 5, 1933.
(46)
(Received on 4th Novevmber 1933. with Political Secretary's letter No. 43, dated
19th October 1933.)
Enclosure in Foreign Office covering letter dated 12th October 1933.
Letter from His Majesty’s Charge d’affaires, Jedda, to the Foreign Office,
No. 285, dated the 9th September 1933.
No. I.
With reference to Mr. Hope Gill’s despatch No. 160 of the 31st March
1932 F. 140-N.I32), paragraph 4, relative to the activities of Mr. K. S.
Twitched in regard to the Jedda water supply, I have the honour to report that
water has again been brought to Jedda from the wells at Waziriya, and the
event was ceremonially inaugurated on the 26th August in the presence of the
Minister of Finance, local notables, and a large gathering of townspeople. As
the result of the discovery of a fresh spring, to the south-east of the wells
themselves, work has been in progress for some months past, under the direction
of Sheikh Muhammad Dehlavi and experts of the Mecca water supply of Ain
iZubeyda. The water has been led through the old pipes, put down in Turkish
times, and now falls into the Idarus reservoir, situated on the outskirts of one
of the poorer quarters of the town. The present rate of flow, according to
Mr. Twitched, who still shows active interest in this undertaking, is 40 gallons
per minute, and this, he says, it will shortly be possible to increase to as much as
three times that amount on the completion of work on a second conduit which
runs alongside the first, but which is not yet connected over its entire length.
2. Mr. Twitched points out that here there is an ample and cheap water
supply sufficient for the needs of the town, whose present rate of consumption
he places at 38 gallons per minute. Although other local experts would estimate
the local rate of consumption at probably not more than 24 gallons per minute,
it may be conceded that the new source of supply is more than sufficient, is
cheap (for it costs nothing at the Idarus reservoir), and at present is reasonably
safe at source. The Indian Medical Officer attached to this Legation recently
conducted an analysis of the water, chemically and bacteriologicady, and
pronounced it to be fit for consumption. The total water consumption of Jedda,
therefore, may be expected to increase, particularly as the poorer classes are
able to draw as much as they require for the mere trouble of carrying it away.
3. From past experience, however, considerable doubt is expressed as to the
prospects of Waziriya water becoming a permanent factor in the town’s water
supply. The doubt is not diminished by reports that, although from Waziriya
to Has Qaim (a place 5 Idiom, from Jedda) the conduit has been cemented and
is at present fairly sound, over the remaining distance the nipes are old and
rotten and require constant care to prevent leakage. Sheikh Muhammad Dehlavi
has unsuccessfully approached the Jedda municipality in an endeavour to get
the pipe-line thoroughly repaired, and has now placed the matter before Ibn Sand,
stating his preference for a cement conduit over iron piping.

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Content

The file contains the Foreign Office confidential prints of the Arabia Series for the years 1933 to 1938. It includes correspondence, memoranda, and extracts from newspapers. The correspondence is principally between the British Legation in Jedda and the Foreign Office. Other correspondents include British diplomatic, political, and military offices, foreign diplomats, heads of state, tribal leaders, corporations, and individuals in the Middle East region.

Each annual series is composed of several numbered serials that are often connected to a particular subject. The file covers many subjects related to the affairs of Saudi Arabia.

Included in the file are the following:

  • a memorandum on Arab Unity produced by the Foreign Office dated 12 June 1933 (author unknown), folios 11-13;
  • a memorandum on petroleum in Arabia produced by the Petroleum Department dated 5 August 1933 (author unknown), folios 23-26;
  • a record of interviews with Ibn Sa‘ūd, King of Saudi Arabia, conducted by Reader Bullard and George William Rendel between 20 and 22 March 1937;
  • a memorandum on Yemen by Captain B W Seager, the Frontier Officer, dated 20 July 1937;
  • several records of proceedings of ships on patrol in the Red Sea, including that of HMS Penzance , Hastings , Colombo , Bideford , and Londonderry .

Folios 213-15 are internal office notes.

Extent and format
1 file (214 folios)
Arrangement

The file is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1 and terminates at the back cover with 217; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 2-215; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'File 8/15 Arab Series - 1933-1939' [‎26v] (52/434), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/310, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100025548486.0x000035> [accessed 29 February 2020]

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