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'File 8/15 Arab Series - 1933-1939' [‎58v] (116/434)

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The record is made up of 1 file (214 folios). It was created in 31 Aug 1933-20 Mar 1939. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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complete fiasco. There were, indeed, indications that the so-called mine had been
‘ salted \
4. On the other hand we have a certain amount of information about gold
mining on the other side of the lied Sea, near Port Sudan. As long ago as May
1931 Turner (then Commercial Secretary to the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. ) wrote to me to the
following effect :—
5. Mr. A. Beeby Thompson, who had advised the Egyptian Government
about oil, and the Sudan Government about water, told Turner that he firmly
believed there were really great possibilities about gold mining in various dis
tricts between the Nile and the Red Sea. In the past the main practical difficulty
in working these deposits was a shortage of water. Nowadays, with motor trans
port, the question of water had become much simplified. Many of the workings
which are marked as “ ancient gold workings ” in the general economic atlas of
Egypt presented to the International Geographical Congress at Cambridge in
1928 by the King of Egypt have, in ancient times, merely been scratched. Beeby
Thompson believed that, with up-to-date mining machinery, good results could
be obtained.
0. We have also a note which shows that a gold mine exists at Gebeit which,
as you know, is not far from Port Sudan. A new cyanide plant was installed
there in the autumn of 1933 and was supposed to be ready by March, 1934. In
the autumn of 1933 one of five stamp batteries was already in operation and pro
ducing about £2,000 worth of gold per month. There are also records of other
small mines in the same neighbourhood.
1. To sum up, there is a good deal of evidence that gold does exist on the west
coast of the Red Sea, but there is no evidence whatever of heavy mineralisation in
Arabia. Judging, however, from our experience in Western Abyssinia, the
piesent high pi ice of gold may very well tempt some of the bigger and entirely
respectable gold mining companies, probably through an intermediary, to take
some interest in Twitchell’s venture since there is a market for the shares—if
nothing else—of these low-grade gold properties at present.
8 As soon as I hear anything further of any personalities concerned with
the scheme, I will not fail to let you know.
MeMOUANDUM FJ10M THE HONOURABLE THE POLITICAL RESIDENT A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. IN THE PERSIAN
Gulf, Bushire, No. 603-S.|34, dated the 29th June 1934.
Reference Foreign and Political Department endorsement No F 17-N ,34
dated the 19th June 1934 [Serial No. (60)].
2 . As on this occasion only one spare copy of the enclosure has been received
instead of the usual lour, it is requested that copies may be sent direct to the
1 olitical Agents at Kuwait, Bahrain and Muscat.
.3- Tf the Government of India see no objection, it would be convenient if
copies may, m future, be sent direct to the Political Agents mentioned above in
which case one spare copy will suffice for this Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. .
( 68 )
Endorsement by the Foreign and Political Department, No. 17-N.|34, dated
the 16th July 1934.
A copy of the undermentioned paper(s) is forwarded to the
Kuwait, Bahrain and Muscat, for information :—
Political Agents,
1 .
2 .
Let Vo H ^ n / b I e en th ^ ol V tical Resident in fhe Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
No. 60o-S.|34, dated the 29th June 1934 [Serial No. (67)].
Serial Nos. (21) to (55) of the Arabia Series of 1934.

About this item


The file contains the Foreign Office confidential prints of the Arabia Series for the years 1933 to 1938. It includes correspondence, memoranda, and extracts from newspapers. The correspondence is principally between the British Legation in Jedda and the Foreign Office. Other correspondents include British diplomatic, political, and military offices, foreign diplomats, heads of state, tribal leaders, corporations, and individuals in the Middle East region.

Each annual series is composed of several numbered serials that are often connected to a particular subject. The file covers many subjects related to the affairs of Saudi Arabia.

Included in the file are the following:

  • a memorandum on Arab Unity produced by the Foreign Office dated 12 June 1933 (author unknown), folios 11-13;
  • a memorandum on petroleum in Arabia produced by the Petroleum Department dated 5 August 1933 (author unknown), folios 23-26;
  • a record of interviews with Ibn Sa‘ūd, King of Saudi Arabia, conducted by Reader Bullard and George William Rendel between 20 and 22 March 1937;
  • a memorandum on Yemen by Captain B W Seager, the Frontier Officer, dated 20 July 1937;
  • several records of proceedings of ships on patrol in the Red Sea, including that of HMS Penzance , Hastings , Colombo , Bideford , and Londonderry .

Folios 213-15 are internal office notes.

Extent and format
1 file (214 folios)

The file is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1 and terminates at the back cover with 217; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 2-215; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'File 8/15 Arab Series - 1933-1939' [‎58v] (116/434), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/310, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 18 February 2020]

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