Skip to item: of 434
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'File 8/15 Arab Series - 1933-1939' [‎75v] (150/434)

This item is part of

The record is made up of 1 file (214 folios). It was created in 31 Aug 1933-20 Mar 1939. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

of it if he fails to do so. He further represents that his stipend was
allowed to fall into arrears because of its small annual amount, that his
predecessor Sultan Ghaleb was permitted to draw arrears accumulated for a
large number of years, and that neither his predecessor nor he himself was
warned that arrears would in future be forfeited.
3. All the Chiefs of the Aden Protectorate, including His Highness the
Sultan of Shehr and Mukalla, have now been told that their stipend must be
drawn punctually or not at all, but I consider that there is a good deal of
force in the Sultan’s contention that a retrospective insistence of this con
dition in contradiction of a comparatively recent precedent and without
previous intimation of its adoption is opposed to the spirit, if not to the
letter, of his Treaty. The existence of the Aden Protectorate is based on
mutual obligation established by treaties between His Majesty’s Government
and the local Chiefs, and a scruplous observation of the conditions of these
treaties is essential to the maintenance of our relationship with them. I
feel very strongly that there should never be any doubt that obligations
under the treaties will be fully honoured, and I consider that in a case of
some uncertainty, such as the present one, it is better to accept rather than
to repudiate a claim for which there appears to be a good though perhaps
not a conclusive case. For this reason I venture to recommend a considera
tion of the orders conveyed to me in your despatch of the 4th January 1933,
and the payment of the arrears of stipend due to the Sultan of Shehr and
Mukalla in full from 1st October 1917.
4. I base my request primarily on a point of principle., but I desire to
add a plea for generous treatment in this case on account of the consistently
loyal and helpful attitude of the Mukalla authorities in all matters in which
their co-operation or assistance is desired by the Aden Eesidency. This
has been notably evident in connection with landing grounds and other
facilities for the Royal Air Force in Mukalla territory and its neighbourhood.
Mukalla is the most important place and the pivot of our policy in the
eastern part of the Protectorate, but its Sultan nevertheless receives one of
the smallest of the stipends paid to Protectorate Chiefs, and he is never
given money presents such as are often bestowed upon others in the Pro
tectorate. The amount of his stipend—Rs. 60 a month—is, in fact, so
low that it can be regarded as little more than a token of the mutual rela
tionship between him and His Majesty’s Government; and, as such, I con
sider that it ought not to be allowed to lapse, even temporarily, in a case
such as the one which I now submit for your reconsideration.
Enclosure 1 to Serial No. (105). ! i
| ‘
Letter from the Treasury, to the Colonial Office, No. S. -32316, dated
the 7th November 1934.
, .
I have laid before the Lords Commissioners of His Majesty’s Treasury +
Mr. Cowell’s letter of the 3rd July (37953/34), and subsequent semi-official
correspondence, relative to the payment of arrears of stipend claimed by the
Sultan of Shehr and Mukalla.
In reply, I am to request you to inform Secretary Sir Philip Cunliffe-
Lister that, having regard to the terms of the treaty under which this stipend
is paid, My Lords are now prepared to agree to the payment of arrears
accrued since the accession of ithe present Sultan in 1922, amounting to
approximately £675. They note however that Sir Philip Cuniiffe-Lister
is advised that, as the treaty provides for a personal payment to the Sultan
or other person in possession of the territory in question, in consideration
of his personal fulfilment of the obligations imposed on him by Articles 1
and 3 of the treaty, the obligation of His Majesty’s Government is not to
be regarded as extending to arrears which his predecessor had waived or
failed to secure, and in these circumstances. They are unable to sanction
payment of arrears prior to the present Sultan’s accession.

About this item


The file contains the Foreign Office confidential prints of the Arabia Series for the years 1933 to 1938. It includes correspondence, memoranda, and extracts from newspapers. The correspondence is principally between the British Legation in Jedda and the Foreign Office. Other correspondents include British diplomatic, political, and military offices, foreign diplomats, heads of state, tribal leaders, corporations, and individuals in the Middle East region.

Each annual series is composed of several numbered serials that are often connected to a particular subject. The file covers many subjects related to the affairs of Saudi Arabia.

Included in the file are the following:

  • a memorandum on Arab Unity produced by the Foreign Office dated 12 June 1933 (author unknown), folios 11-13;
  • a memorandum on petroleum in Arabia produced by the Petroleum Department dated 5 August 1933 (author unknown), folios 23-26;
  • a record of interviews with Ibn Sa‘ūd, King of Saudi Arabia, conducted by Reader Bullard and George William Rendel between 20 and 22 March 1937;
  • a memorandum on Yemen by Captain B W Seager, the Frontier Officer, dated 20 July 1937;
  • several records of proceedings of ships on patrol in the Red Sea, including that of HMS Penzance , Hastings , Colombo , Bideford , and Londonderry .

Folios 213-15 are internal office notes.

Extent and format
1 file (214 folios)

The file is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1 and terminates at the back cover with 217; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 2-215; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'File 8/15 Arab Series - 1933-1939' [‎75v] (150/434), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/310, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 24 February 2020]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'File 8/15 Arab Series - 1933-1939' [&lrm;75v] (150/434)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image