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'File 8/15 Arab Series - 1933-1939' [‎93r] (185/434)

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The record is made up of 1 file (214 folios). It was created in 31 Aug 1933-20 Mar 1939. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Enclosure to Serial No. (30).
Letter i uom H. E. the High Commissioner for Transjordan, to H. M.’s
Minister, Jedda, No. l.C.j64j32, dated the 14 th February 1935.
I have the honour to refer to my communication No. T.C.I64I32 of the 7th
July 1933, in which was enclosed a copy of my secret despatch of the same date
to His Majesty’s Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary at Baghdad,
on the subject of the admission of Hamid Pasha al Wadi to Trans-Jordan, and
to inform you lhai Hamid Pasha has now requested that he may be absolved from
lis undertaking not to enter Trans-Jordan without ni}’ permission or that of the
British Kesident.
2. Lieutenant-Colonel Cox recommends that Hamid Pasha’s request should
he granted, but having regard to the complaints made in the past by the Saudi
Government, to tiie eiiecl that Hamid Pasha was implicated in anti-Saudi
intrigue, I shall be grateful for your advice whether the removal of the restric-
t.on oi Hamid Pasha’s entry into Trans-Jordan would be distasteful to King
Abdul Aziz and his Government, or likely to arouse renewed suspicion in their
nr nds.
3. 1 am sending copies of this despatch to His Majesty’s Principal Secretary
ot State tor the Colonies, and to His Majesty’s Ambassador at Baghdad.
Enclosure in Foreign Office covering letter, dated 8th April 1935.
(Received on 23rd April 1935, with Political Secretary's letter No. 15, dated 11th
April 1935.)
Letter from H. M.’s Minister, Jedda, to the Foreign Office, No. 56, dated the
24th February 1935.
With reference to my despatch No. 4 of the 7th January [Serial No. [24)1,
1 have the honour to state that the text of the agreement between the Saudi Gov
ernment and the Saudi Arabian Mining Syndicate (Limited) was published in the
Umm-al-Qura of the 15th February, together with a Royal decree dated the 12th
February sanctioning the agreement. It may be assumed that the syndicate
had already ratified it.
2. The agreement is a fairly lengthy document, and I consider it unnecessary
to trouble you with all the details. I enclose a synopsis showing the principal
conditions. In the absence of the annexed map it is difficult to trace the exact
boundaries of the assigned area on the south and east, but a very fair idea of
them can be formed with the aid of the ordinary maps and the Handbook for
Arabia, You will observe that the northern boundary is the de facto frontier
between the Hejaz and Transjordan, starting from “ Point E ”, the position of
which is defined as in the Hadda Agreement.
3. Mr. Twitchell duly visited Egypt and Syria as foreshadowed in my
despatch under reference and travelled as far east as Rutba, whence he went to
see the alleged gold mine at Gaara. He then proceeded for a short time to
England. lie returned to Jedda on the 17th February and is now making active
preparations to start his prospecting campaign at four places, all of which are
in the northern part of the assigned area and the most important of which is the
“ Got of Gold ”, where he has previously done some preliminary work. He has
collected two mining engineers, a British subject named George, who has had
much experience in India, and a United States citizen named Ballard, besides a
cl rical assistant named Bisshopp. He expects a third mining engineer from
Australia. M. van de Poll, who was mentioned in my despatch under reference,
has already been busy up Medina way and Mr. Twitchell describes him as having
done magnificent work. I gather that the general headquarters of the prospectors
will be in the first instance at Yanbu’, where a house has already been rented.
Mr. Twitchell is certainly tackling his enterprise with great energy.
4. I am sending copies of this despatch and enclosure to the Department of
Overseas Trade and His Excellency the High Commissioner for Transjordan at
Enclosure in No. 1.
Synopsis of the Principal Clauses in the Agreement of December 23,1934, betweert
the Saudi Government and the Saudi Arabian Mining Syndicate (Limited).
The Syndicate to have exclusive rights of prospecting and digging for
metallic substances in the assigned area, for two years.

About this item


The file contains the Foreign Office confidential prints of the Arabia Series for the years 1933 to 1938. It includes correspondence, memoranda, and extracts from newspapers. The correspondence is principally between the British Legation in Jedda and the Foreign Office. Other correspondents include British diplomatic, political, and military offices, foreign diplomats, heads of state, tribal leaders, corporations, and individuals in the Middle East region.

Each annual series is composed of several numbered serials that are often connected to a particular subject. The file covers many subjects related to the affairs of Saudi Arabia.

Included in the file are the following:

  • a memorandum on Arab Unity produced by the Foreign Office dated 12 June 1933 (author unknown), folios 11-13;
  • a memorandum on petroleum in Arabia produced by the Petroleum Department dated 5 August 1933 (author unknown), folios 23-26;
  • a record of interviews with Ibn Sa‘ūd, King of Saudi Arabia, conducted by Reader Bullard and George William Rendel between 20 and 22 March 1937;
  • a memorandum on Yemen by Captain B W Seager, the Frontier Officer, dated 20 July 1937;
  • several records of proceedings of ships on patrol in the Red Sea, including that of HMS Penzance , Hastings , Colombo , Bideford , and Londonderry .

Folios 213-15 are internal office notes.

Extent and format
1 file (214 folios)

The file is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1 and terminates at the back cover with 217; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 2-215; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'File 8/15 Arab Series - 1933-1939' [‎93r] (185/434), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/310, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 18 February 2020]

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