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'File 8/15 Arab Series - 1933-1939' [‎151v] (302/434)

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The record is made up of 1 file (214 folios). It was created in 31 Aug 1933-20 Mar 1939. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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6 . Since the two Governments are anxious to remove all outstanding
causes of friction, I incline to think that there would be certain advantages
in demarcating the boundary. Theoretically Saudiya may stand to gain
for the reasons given in para. 4; in practice Iraq would perhaps gain more,
since Saudi zakat collectors would thereby be restrained from crossing into
Iraqi territory as in the past, whereas there is no temptation for Iraqi
Government agents to violate the boundary.
7. If it is agreed to demarcate the boundary, then it will be necessary
to settle in advance one question of principle arising out of the defective
drafting of the Uqair Protocol, the settlement of which would-be beyond
the competence of a Demarcation Commission.
8 . The question is exemplified by the dispute regarding Judaidat A1
Arar. This is one of the points mentioned as lying on the line between
Qasr Uthaimin and Jabal Anaz. The Saudi Government claims that
Judaidat A1 Arar, as a point on the line, belongs equally to both states.
The Iraqi Government claims that the ownership of wells mentioned in the
Protocol as points on the line must be determined in the light of Article 1
(b) of the Treaty of Muhammara (quoted in para. 2 above). (My personal
view is that the Saudi contention is correct, but the weight of administra
tive and legal opinion in Iraq is against my view). It will therefore be
necessary to refer this question (which covers all wells and tanks named
in the description) to arbitration under the Protocol on Arbitration of 7th
April, 1931.
9. The importance of the dispute referred to in the preceding para
graph would be minimized if an agreement could be concluded whereby the
flocks of one party should be exempt from taxation by the other Party
'provided their stay in the territory of the other Party did not exceed two
months. It would however first be necessarv to settle the dispute regarding
the allegiance of contested tribes (see note No. 2).
Telegram from Sir A. Clark Kerr (Bagdad), No. 34-Saving, dated the
2'3rd November, 1936.
While at Riyadh, Iraqi Minister for Foreign Affairs exchange ratifi
cations of the Treaty of Alliance signed at Baghdad last April and concluded
a new establishment convention (text of which follows by bag). He also
continue discussion of points (1) and (2) mentioned in first paragraph of
my despatch No. 89 of February 17th. Little progress seems to have been
made with (2) but some advance towards settlement of (1) was made on the
lines of paragraphs 8 and 9 of enclosure to my letter No. 17/27/36 of
February 20th to Rendel.
Addressed to Foreign Office, No. 34-Saving, copy to Jedda by bag.
Telegram from the British Legation, Jedda, dated the 3rd December
My despatch No. 298, October 25th.
As soon as Fuad returned I asked for explanation of Philby’s entry
into Aden protectorate \vith;out permission with armed Saudi escort. Today
he called to give reply from Ibn Saud. I first informed him of complaints
from the Imam about Philby’s entry into Yemen. (Aden despatch 544,
November 7th). Reply. Begins :
2 . Philby undertook to fix position of various points in Najran area
and for this purpose was given customary guides (I interpolated “and armed
escort” and Fuad did not repudiate amendment). Saudi Arabian Govern
ment did not know Philby was going further south and first learned that
^ ^ad done so when they received from the Imam a protest against his

About this item


The file contains the Foreign Office confidential prints of the Arabia Series for the years 1933 to 1938. It includes correspondence, memoranda, and extracts from newspapers. The correspondence is principally between the British Legation in Jedda and the Foreign Office. Other correspondents include British diplomatic, political, and military offices, foreign diplomats, heads of state, tribal leaders, corporations, and individuals in the Middle East region.

Each annual series is composed of several numbered serials that are often connected to a particular subject. The file covers many subjects related to the affairs of Saudi Arabia.

Included in the file are the following:

  • a memorandum on Arab Unity produced by the Foreign Office dated 12 June 1933 (author unknown), folios 11-13;
  • a memorandum on petroleum in Arabia produced by the Petroleum Department dated 5 August 1933 (author unknown), folios 23-26;
  • a record of interviews with Ibn Sa‘ūd, King of Saudi Arabia, conducted by Reader Bullard and George William Rendel between 20 and 22 March 1937;
  • a memorandum on Yemen by Captain B W Seager, the Frontier Officer, dated 20 July 1937;
  • several records of proceedings of ships on patrol in the Red Sea, including that of HMS Penzance , Hastings , Colombo , Bideford , and Londonderry .

Folios 213-15 are internal office notes.

Extent and format
1 file (214 folios)

The file is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1 and terminates at the back cover with 217; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 2-215; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'File 8/15 Arab Series - 1933-1939' [‎151v] (302/434), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/310, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 26 February 2020]

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