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'File 8/15 Arab Series - 1933-1939' [‎155r] (309/434)

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The record is made up of 1 file (214 folios). It was created in 31 Aug 1933-20 Mar 1939. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Enclosure 7 to S. No. (1).
Telegram from Acting Resident, Aden, to Mr. Philby, Mukalla, No.
C/1447, dated 7th September 1936.
I have been instructed by His Majesty’s Government to request you to
withdraw your Sa’udi armed party from the Aden Protectorate as soon as
possible and to inform you that it would have been preferable for you to have
informed British authorities of your intention to visit protectorate before
your visit took place.
Reference your signal of 2nd September. I appreciate that necessity
took you into the Hadhramaut but as far as I am aware necessity did not
take you and your Sa’udi armed party to Shabwa which is definitely within
the Aden Protectorate. Further the Ahl Karab who roam the vicinity of
Shabwa and whose Chief lives there are nominally vassals of the Upper Aulaqi
Sultan (Handbook of Arabia). The recognised Northern boundary of the
Aden Protectorate from near Dhala North eastwards is indicated by a N. E.
line and is as you state undemarcated and to a great extent unexplored and
the political status of territory South of this line which includes Shabwa
is not a matter for discussion as it is de facto under the protection of His Ma
jesty’s Government. The Bal Harith tribe N. E. of Beihan A1 Qasab are
under the Sharif of Beihan who is a treaty Chief, and I must request you with
your Sa’udi armed party not to enter Beihan territory including that of the
Bal Harith unless traverse across a portion of the latter is necessary for
topographical reasons, and should you desire to visit Beihan yourself
unaccompanied by armed Sa’udis to inform me before you leave Mukalla.
Your spare parts should leave Aden tomorrow.
Enclosure 8 to S. No. (1).
Cypher telegram from the Resident, Aden, to the Secretary of State
for the Colonies, No. 71, dated 9th September 1936.
(Repeated to Jedda.)
Following reference Philby from reliable Hadhramaut sources. Philby
told Hadhramaut notables of Ibn Saud’s intention of constructing motor
road from Mecca to Hadhramaut. 300 men with Philby distributed bet
ween Reidatasseiar and Alabr constructing houses. As far as is known
both of these places are well within Hadhramaut (please refer to Reilly’s tele
gram of the 19th March). If these reports true Philby’s assurance to me
contained in telegram that his journey had no official character appears to
be inaccurate. I sent telegram to Philby yesterday on lines of your un
numbered telegram of 1st September.
Enclosure 9 to S. No. (1).
Letter from the Acting Resident, Aden, to the Secretary of State
for the Colonies, No. 492, dated 30th September 1936.
I have the honour to refer you to the correspondence ending with my
Secret despatch No. 432 of 9th September, 1936 in connection with the re
cent activities of Mr. Philby in the Aden Protectorate.
2. I returned yesterday from a visit by air to Mukalla and the
Hadhramaut valley.
3. In the course of my visit I was able to make enquiries on the spot as to
the extent of Mr. Philby’s Sa’udi propaganda though enquiries were scarcely
necessary as both the Qu’aiti authorities at Mukalla and Shibam, and the
Kathiri Sultan and influential Seiyid family of A1 Kaf in the Eastern part of
the Hadhramaut valley were only too ready to open the subject without en
couragement and to talk about what they considered as Mr. Philby’s unwar
rantable interference.

About this item


The file contains the Foreign Office confidential prints of the Arabia Series for the years 1933 to 1938. It includes correspondence, memoranda, and extracts from newspapers. The correspondence is principally between the British Legation in Jedda and the Foreign Office. Other correspondents include British diplomatic, political, and military offices, foreign diplomats, heads of state, tribal leaders, corporations, and individuals in the Middle East region.

Each annual series is composed of several numbered serials that are often connected to a particular subject. The file covers many subjects related to the affairs of Saudi Arabia.

Included in the file are the following:

  • a memorandum on Arab Unity produced by the Foreign Office dated 12 June 1933 (author unknown), folios 11-13;
  • a memorandum on petroleum in Arabia produced by the Petroleum Department dated 5 August 1933 (author unknown), folios 23-26;
  • a record of interviews with Ibn Sa‘ūd, King of Saudi Arabia, conducted by Reader Bullard and George William Rendel between 20 and 22 March 1937;
  • a memorandum on Yemen by Captain B W Seager, the Frontier Officer, dated 20 July 1937;
  • several records of proceedings of ships on patrol in the Red Sea, including that of HMS Penzance , Hastings , Colombo , Bideford , and Londonderry .

Folios 213-15 are internal office notes.

Extent and format
1 file (214 folios)

The file is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1 and terminates at the back cover with 217; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 2-215; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'File 8/15 Arab Series - 1933-1939' [‎155r] (309/434), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/310, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 29 February 2020]

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