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'File 8/15 Arab Series - 1933-1939' [‎157v] (314/434)

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The record is made up of 1 file (214 folios). It was created in 31 Aug 1933-20 Mar 1939. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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gazelles and they killed one. They also went to the lower part of Jedan
belonging to the Ahl Dhabab. It may not be hidden from your honour
that the people of that part of the country were disturbed and frightened
on account of this Saudian raid against the Protectorate with the consent
of the British Government. But if they (British Government) are backing
us, we do not care either for the Sa’udi or Imam. A letter prior to this has
been sent to you and we hope it has reached you. Every tribesman is afraid
of Sa’udi incursions and the subjects only want those who will look into the
maintenance of peace whether they be the British Government or any Isla
mic Government.
Enclosure 16 to S. No. (1).
Letter from Seiyid Nasir bin Muhshin of Markka one of the Aqils
of Markka nominally under the Upper Aulaqi Sultan, to the
Political Secretary, Aden, dated 14th October 1936.
We inform you, oh friend, that two lorries arrived as far as the borders
of Markha. They asked us for permission to enter our country and to have
an interview with us. We declined to grant their requests. They say that
they belong to Najd and have come on behalf of Bin Sa’ud.
Enclosure 17 to S. No. (1).
Letter from the Acting Besident, Aden, to the Secretary of State
for the Colonies, No. 544, dated 4th November 1936.
„ I have the honour to submit a copy of a letter received from the Kine
of the Yemen on the subject of Mr. Philby’s recent journey to the Hadhramaut
in the course of which it now appears that he travelled without leave through
Yemeni territory. ®
2. Captain Seager, who has now returned to Aden from his visit to San’a
reports that the King has been both offended and alarmed by Mr Philbv’s
passage through his country. It is well known that the King has the strongest
objection to the entry of any foreigners into any part of the Yemen without
his previous knowledge and permission, and this Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. is always careful
to respect his wishes in this respect. Mr. Philby’s arrival within Yemeni
borders without authority having been obtained or even sought is therefore
both an affront to the Yemeni Government and an embarrassment to the Aden
Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. , through which the visists of British subjects to the Yemen are
usually arranged. His inconsiderate and discourteous action has become
a more serious offence through the fact that he was accompanied by an armed
party and that he appears to have indulged in propaganda unfriendly to
lemem interests. Ihese circumstances suggest a challenge on his part to
\emem Sovereignty over the districts mentioned in the King’s letter to me.
3. The districts in question are A1 Jof and Marlb. These have been
m Temem occupation since 1926 and 1927 respectively. They lie to the south
ol the Saudi-Yemeni frontier established by the Treaty of Taif in 1934
and are well to the north of the boundary of the Aden Protectorate. There
appears therefore to be no valid reason to question the Yemeni claim to them
winch has been enforced in fact for several years, and it is prejudicial to
good Anglo-lemeni relations that this claim should appear to be disputed
ky f British subject, and especially by one who was formerly in the service
ol the British Government and who is still regarded by many Arabs as occn
Pymg a quasi-representative position in Saudi Arabia.
4. Lieut-Col on el Lake has represented to you in his despatch of 30th
September the unfortunate effect of Mr. Philby’s incursion into Shabwa
and the Hadhramaut and of his disregard of the line which has for manv
years been accepted by His Majesty’s Government as being the northern
boundary of the Aden Protectorate in that area; and I hope that it will be
possible for His Majesty s Government to indicate in some unmistakable
manner m respect of both the Yemen and the Aden Protectorate that they
wholly condemn Mr. Philby’s mischievous adventure. y

About this item


The file contains the Foreign Office confidential prints of the Arabia Series for the years 1933 to 1938. It includes correspondence, memoranda, and extracts from newspapers. The correspondence is principally between the British Legation in Jedda and the Foreign Office. Other correspondents include British diplomatic, political, and military offices, foreign diplomats, heads of state, tribal leaders, corporations, and individuals in the Middle East region.

Each annual series is composed of several numbered serials that are often connected to a particular subject. The file covers many subjects related to the affairs of Saudi Arabia.

Included in the file are the following:

  • a memorandum on Arab Unity produced by the Foreign Office dated 12 June 1933 (author unknown), folios 11-13;
  • a memorandum on petroleum in Arabia produced by the Petroleum Department dated 5 August 1933 (author unknown), folios 23-26;
  • a record of interviews with Ibn Sa‘ūd, King of Saudi Arabia, conducted by Reader Bullard and George William Rendel between 20 and 22 March 1937;
  • a memorandum on Yemen by Captain B W Seager, the Frontier Officer, dated 20 July 1937;
  • several records of proceedings of ships on patrol in the Red Sea, including that of HMS Penzance , Hastings , Colombo , Bideford , and Londonderry .

Folios 213-15 are internal office notes.

Extent and format
1 file (214 folios)

The file is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1 and terminates at the back cover with 217; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 2-215; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'File 8/15 Arab Series - 1933-1939' [‎157v] (314/434), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/310, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 February 2020]

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