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'File 8/15 Arab Series - 1933-1939' [‎181v] (362/434)

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The record is made up of 1 file (214 folios). It was created in 31 Aug 1933-20 Mar 1939. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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by His Majesty’s Government, no recognition was accorded : in the Duke of
Devonshire’s reply in his despatch of 21st August 1923 he limited himself to
approving the Resident’s proposal to recognise Sultan ’ Umar as successor
to the late Sultan Ghalib and to continue to him the salute of 11 guns. No
reference to the agreement was made in this communication.
4 . As I have previously indicated the hands of His Majesty’s Govern
ment appear to me to be perfectly free in this matter, except in so far as they
may consider it politically expedient to press any particular course of
action. I shall therefore await Sultan Salih’s explanation of his proposals
and of his reasons for them, as directed by you.
5. In the meantime I do not propose to enter into a discussion with
Sultan Muhammad bin ’ Umar as to the rights and wrongs of this dispute,
but to limit myself to taking note of any points that he may wish to put
Enclosure to S. No. (38).
Enclosure in Colonial Office covering letter No. P. Z.-5166/37, dated the
7th August 1937.
Letter from Secretary of State for Colonies, London, to Governor,
Aden, No. Confidential (3), dated the 21st July 1937.
With reference to your confidential (2) despatch of the 16th of June
[S. No. (38)] regarding the succession to the Sultanate of Mukalla, I have the
honour to enclose herewith a copy of a letter which I have received from the
Sultan of Mukalla (together with two copies of the formal memorial to which
it refers) for consideration in connexion with the definite proposals which I
requested you, in my confidential despatch of the 24th May to obtain from
the Sultan.
2 . I shall be grateful if you will inform the Sultan, upon his return from
Europe, that I have received his memorial and have in the first instance
referred it to you for consideration.
Enclosure in Foreign Office covering letter No. P. Z.-5245/37, dated the
6 th August 1937.
Received on 28th August 1937 with Political Secretary's letter No. 32, dated
the 12th August 1937.
Letter from British Legation, Jedda, to India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , No. 124-E. (1074/
83/10), dated the 13th July 1937.
In continuation of Sir Reader Bullard’s despatch No. 85-E. of the 2nd
May [S. No. (29)], I have the honour to inform you that the Saudi Arabian
Mining Syndicate, Ltd. now appear to have overcome the difficulties of supply
ing water to the Madh-adh-Dhahab mine. It has been reported that an
adequate supply of water has been discovered some forty miles from the
mine, whither it is proposed to conduct it by pipeline : as the levels are not
such that the water can descend to the mine by gravity, a good deal of pump
ing will have to be done. This report would seem to be confirmed by the
departure for England, towards the end of May, of Mr. J. F. Park, who re
presents the interests of a prospective operating company. It was also
announced in the London press that the formation of an operating company
was foreshadowed at a meeting of the Mining Trust on the 18th May.
2. Meanwhile, prospecting parties continue their activities. Some old
workings were discovered near Madain Salih, some thirty miles north of
A1 Ula on the Hejaz railway. It is not clear if these workings are the same
as those mentioned in paragraph two of Sir Reader Bullard’s despatch under
reference. In any case, the Syndicate appear to be pessimistic as to the
prospects of obtaining gold in commercial quantities in that area and the
local press reports that the prospectors have “ finished their operations at
Madain Salih ”. The Umm Qariyat mine near Wejh has now been finally
abandoned ; but another mine has been located at Maraikib, near Yanbu\
which is stated to give promise of being a rich one.

About this item


The file contains the Foreign Office confidential prints of the Arabia Series for the years 1933 to 1938. It includes correspondence, memoranda, and extracts from newspapers. The correspondence is principally between the British Legation in Jedda and the Foreign Office. Other correspondents include British diplomatic, political, and military offices, foreign diplomats, heads of state, tribal leaders, corporations, and individuals in the Middle East region.

Each annual series is composed of several numbered serials that are often connected to a particular subject. The file covers many subjects related to the affairs of Saudi Arabia.

Included in the file are the following:

  • a memorandum on Arab Unity produced by the Foreign Office dated 12 June 1933 (author unknown), folios 11-13;
  • a memorandum on petroleum in Arabia produced by the Petroleum Department dated 5 August 1933 (author unknown), folios 23-26;
  • a record of interviews with Ibn Sa‘ūd, King of Saudi Arabia, conducted by Reader Bullard and George William Rendel between 20 and 22 March 1937;
  • a memorandum on Yemen by Captain B W Seager, the Frontier Officer, dated 20 July 1937;
  • several records of proceedings of ships on patrol in the Red Sea, including that of HMS Penzance , Hastings , Colombo , Bideford , and Londonderry .

Folios 213-15 are internal office notes.

Extent and format
1 file (214 folios)

The file is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1 and terminates at the back cover with 217; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 2-215; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'File 8/15 Arab Series - 1933-1939' [‎181v] (362/434), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/310, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 29 February 2020]

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