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'File 8/16 Bahrain Intelligence Summary' [‎70r] (139/206)

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The record is made up of 1 file (100 folios). It was created in 1 Jan 1948-31 Dec 1948. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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• Hj @
- 2 - .
(jj Reference paragraph 157 (i) of Intelligence
Summary No.11.
Mr. Clear, the Cfeiro representative of British
Oil Engines (Export) Limited, who are the Middle East agents
of Messrs. Mirrlees, Bickerton and Day, visited Bahrain
during the period under review and inspected the electricity
system of Manamah and Muharraq. His visit was at the in
vitation of the Bahrain Government. His report confirms
previous impressions that the supply of electricity has
always lagged behind demand and stresses the need to order
new generators immediately in order to cope with the fore
seeable demand next year and the year after. As it will
be some time before these generators can arrive and be installed
1949 will be another bad electricity year for Bahrain.
(ii) Reference paragraph 190 (ii) of Intelligence
Summary No.14.
Group Captain Leigh has already left Bahrain for
the United Kingdom.
Reference paragraph 193 of Intelligence Summary
Messrs. Gray, Mackenzie & Co., have written to
the Bahrain Government complaining that the many other points
raised at the meeting had left no time for a proper discussion
of the case for an increase in the landing charges.
This is justified, they argue, because they are
increasing their barge fleet at considerable cost to them
selves and have recently stepped up the wages of barge crews
from Rs„350/- to Rs.530/- per mensem. Further, the Bahrain
Government have recently decreed that Customs employees must be
paid overtime by the landing company for any work done after
3.00 p.m. This has meant that Gray, Mackenzie have also had
to pay their own employees overtime after 3.00 p.m. They
are willing, they say, to discuss these points with individual
merchants or with a small committee appointed by the Bahrain
Government; and add that while they will continue to charge
the present rates until the end of 1948, they may consider it
essential to increase the landing charges in the new year.
206. LABOUR.
Reference paragraph 194 (i) of Intelligence
Summary No.14.
The higher wages being paid on the mainland
(and in Qatar) is attracting not only the Bahraini labourer
but also the office worker. In Bahrain, where salaries are
more or less pegged to the Bahrain Government scale, he would
be paid a starting salary of Rs.120/- per mensem; in Dhahran
the Oil Company pay a Clerk as much as Rs.300/- to Rs.400/-
per mensem. He may do even better if he works for an Arab
Contractor. Many of these men, who are earning very large
sums, are illiterate and are paying their clerks as much as

About this item


The file contains fortnightly intelligence summaries produced by the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. at Bahrain for the year 1948. The reports, marked as secret, were sent to the Government of India, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , and numerous diplomatic, political, and military offices in the Middle East. Each report is numbered from 1 to 24 and covers a two week period.

The reports are divided into short sections that relate to a particular subject. Contained within the file is intelligence on the following:

  • shipping;
  • visits of British and foreign notables;
  • economic and commercial matters, including the pearling industry;
  • local news and affairs, as well as that of Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Iran, Oman, and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. ;
  • the work of third parties in the region, such as the Bahrain Petroleum Company, Gray, Mackenzie and Co., and Petroleum Concessions Limited;
  • labour matters, especially strikes and unrest;
  • local reaction to international events such as the end of the British Mandate in Palestine and the death of Mohandas Gandhi;
  • the activities of the Royal Navy;
  • the supply of electricity, water and telecommunications;
  • aviation;
  • the work of the Middle East Anti-Locust Unit;
  • the traffic of slaves;
  • quarantine and medical matters;
  • weather and meteorological data.

The final page of the final report appears to be missing.

Extent and format
1 file (100 folios)

The file is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 103; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'File 8/16 Bahrain Intelligence Summary' [‎70r] (139/206), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/319, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 October 2019]

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