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'File 38/16 Effects of Bahrain-Qatar dispute on P. C. L.' [‎10r] (19/92)

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The record is made up of 1 file (44 folios). It was created in 11 Jan 1944-22 Nov 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Coifidential.

v
BAHRAfN RECEIPT.'
PETROLEUM CONCESSIONS LTD.
CONFIDENTIAL
BAHRAIN
PERSIAN GULF Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
DO/PCN.1/4170
POth March, 1946
^ My'dear Colonel,
Many thanks for your note No
17th March 1946.
C/279 dated the
2. Last July I approached Mr. Belgrave with a view to
purchasing some Government land on which to build
Company houses in Manama and also asked him for
assistance in arranging the water supply or permission
to drill a water well. He put this before His Highness
who surprised him by making some unexpected conditions.
In effect, His Highness made a satisfactory settlement
of the Qatar/Bshrain disputes, a condition to helping A/*.,
us with the facilities required. Mr. Belgrave had jo
apparently discussed the matter with Mr. Pelly and
I sent Mr. Pelly copies of correspondenceBelgrave
then went on leave. Mr. Pelly left and I anticipated
the matter would have to wait for Mr. Belgrave’s return.
3. In Mr. Belgrave T s absence, however, His Highness
approached me through an intermediary and volunteered to
help the Company in exchange for an assurance that the
Company would not interfere with the mosque and cemeteries
at Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. . I had it conveyed to him that I had no doubt
that the Company would be pleased to provide the necessary
assurance but the correct cnannel should be through the
Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain.
4. Nothing further accrued until Mr. Belgrave 1 s return,
when I told^him of His Highness’ offer. He found His
Highness a little vague on the exact wording of the
assurance and eventually induced His Highness to produce
his own draft which reads as follows
”1 assure you that the Company’s operations in
'latar will not trespass upon firstly the mosques,
secondly the cemeteries, thirdly the properties
of the Khalifa at Zubara”.

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Content

The file contains correspondence relating to how the dispute between Bahrain and Qatar over Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. has affected the work of Petroleum Concessions Limited. The principle correspondents are: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain; Sir Charles Belgrave, Advisor to the Government of Bahrain; Shaikh Sulman bin Hamad Al Khalifa [Salmān bin Ḥamad Āl Khalīfah], ruler of Bahrain; Shaikh Abdulla bin Qasim Al-Thani [‘Abdullāh bin Qāsim Āl Thānī], ruler of Qatar; and representatives (usually Ernest Vincent Packer) of Petroleum Concessions Limited (hereafter, the company) and its subsidiary, Petroleum Development (Qatar) Limited.

The matters covered by the file are mostly founded on the rival historic claims to the old settlement of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. . They are as follows:

  • the need to settle normal relations between the two countries, partly driven by the clarity needed to define oil concessions;
  • the company's attempts to buy land in Manama which lead to conditions imposed by the ruler of Bahrain concerning mosques, tombs and properties in Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. that are claimed by the Āl Khalīfah family;
  • disagreements over the company's use of the port of Sitra in Bahrain, and what they are permitted to import and export;
  • a meeting held between Packer and Shaikh Salmān on 15 February 1947 to settle these issues;
  • incidences of violence and conflict between Bahraini seamen employed by the company and Qatari guards at Zekrit during 1947 and 1948;
  • the refusal by Qatari authorities to allow Shaikh Shafi bin Salim, head of the Bani Hajir tribe, and his four sons to land at Zekrit in July 1948.

Folios 43-45 are internal office notes.

Extent and format
1 file (44 folios)
Arrangement

The file is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover and terminates at the back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 2-33; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 38/16 Effects of Bahrain-Qatar dispute on P. C. L.' [‎10r] (19/92), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/871, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100025657295.0x000014> [accessed 21 October 2019]

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