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'File 38/16 Effects of Bahrain-Qatar dispute on P. C. L.' [‎16r] (31/92)

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The record is made up of 1 file (44 folios). It was created in 11 Jan 1944-22 Nov 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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D^O. No. C/617
The 10th June, 1946
Dear Belgrave,
I understand from packer that P.C.L. require
to buy some Government land in Manamah to assist
them in conducting operations concerning all their
concessions, and not only Qatar.
2. You may find difficulties in the way because
of the quarrel between the Rulers of Bahrain and
Qatar, but I doubt whether Shaikh Salman would
really wish to hinder British interests for the sake
of this quarrel, particularly as by not helping
British oil interests on the island and putting
difficulties in their way he would tend to drive
P.C.L. away to Qatar. This would detract from the
position which Bahrain is, I am glad to say,
acquiring, as the focal point in the Gulf.
3. I would be glad if you could let me have your
remarks without raising the subject either with His
Highness or Packer.
C.D. Belgrave, Esq., C.B.E.,
Adviser to the Bahrain Government
B a h r a 1 n.
M3. •

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Content

The file contains correspondence relating to how the dispute between Bahrain and Qatar over Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. has affected the work of Petroleum Concessions Limited. The principle correspondents are: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain; Sir Charles Belgrave, Advisor to the Government of Bahrain; Shaikh Sulman bin Hamad Al Khalifa [Salmān bin Ḥamad Āl Khalīfah], ruler of Bahrain; Shaikh Abdulla bin Qasim Al-Thani [‘Abdullāh bin Qāsim Āl Thānī], ruler of Qatar; and representatives (usually Ernest Vincent Packer) of Petroleum Concessions Limited (hereafter, the company) and its subsidiary, Petroleum Development (Qatar) Limited.

The matters covered by the file are mostly founded on the rival historic claims to the old settlement of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. . They are as follows:

  • the need to settle normal relations between the two countries, partly driven by the clarity needed to define oil concessions;
  • the company's attempts to buy land in Manama which lead to conditions imposed by the ruler of Bahrain concerning mosques, tombs and properties in Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. that are claimed by the Āl Khalīfah family;
  • disagreements over the company's use of the port of Sitra in Bahrain, and what they are permitted to import and export;
  • a meeting held between Packer and Shaikh Salmān on 15 February 1947 to settle these issues;
  • incidences of violence and conflict between Bahraini seamen employed by the company and Qatari guards at Zekrit during 1947 and 1948;
  • the refusal by Qatari authorities to allow Shaikh Shafi bin Salim, head of the Bani Hajir tribe, and his four sons to land at Zekrit in July 1948.

Folios 43-45 are internal office notes.

Extent and format
1 file (44 folios)
Arrangement

The file is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover and terminates at the back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 2-33; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 38/16 Effects of Bahrain-Qatar dispute on P. C. L.' [‎16r] (31/92), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/871, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100025657295.0x000020> [accessed 17 October 2019]

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