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'File 38/16 Effects of Bahrain-Qatar dispute on P. C. L.' [‎22r] (43/92)

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The record is made up of 1 file (44 folios). It was created in 11 Jan 1944-22 Nov 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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25th January, 1947.
; |m j|~
ro
H.E. ohaikh Sir Sulman bin Hamad AlKhalifah, K.C.I.E.
1. Your Highness is doubtless aware thac for a long time the
sca^e of my health has made it difficult and embarassing for me
to have the pleasure of calling on you.
It has corne to my notice recently that certain purchases
made by the company in Bahrain for export to .^atar have incurred
Your Highness's disapproval. This has caused us all considerable
concern in that it is our first aim to comply in every wav with
v °ur Highness's wishes. We are particularly anxious to clear
up any misunderstanding as we are indebted to vour Highness for
many favours in the past.
position in general is that we should like to continue
to make purchases from Bahrain as we have done in the past for
the purposes of the Company's operations in Qatar, and in the
case of foodstuffs for consumption by our Company employees.
4. rhe main categories of our purchases from the Bahrain
merchants or markets are shown below, ‘your Highness will see
that with the exception of motor vehicles' the purchases are all
of a minor nature. jn addition, the interests of Bahrain pur
chasers are protected in that it is necessary for the company
to obtain export permits for all local purchases from the
Director of Customs (and Food Controller) who scrutinises all
the^lists personally with the utmost care. The sanction of the
political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. also is necessary in most of these cases.
(a) Foods tuffs
(i) Fresh meat
Poultry
Fresh vegetables
. Potatoes
Eggs
(ii) Dry and tinned provisions
(b) Miscellaneous small items of mess, camp and
machinery equipment, medicines, etc.
(c) Motor vehicles.
5. As we understand your Highness is particularly perturbed
regarding certain recent transactions concluded or impending,
in which motor vehicles are involved, we are dealing with motor
vehicles first in principle, and following this with particulars
of the abovementioned transactions. We are assuming that Your
Highness is not concerned with vehicles belonging to the company
passing through Bahrain in transit, or with vehicles ordered
from Bahrain Agents and consigned to these Agents under the
category M In transit, to Qatar". T .7e believe, however, that you
object to
(a) Sales to us for export to Qatar of vehicles
brought in, in transit to Arabia or rruciul Coast
and (b) Sales to us for export to Qatar of vehicles imported
into Bahrain ostensibly for sale and use in Bahrain.

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Content

The file contains correspondence relating to how the dispute between Bahrain and Qatar over Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. has affected the work of Petroleum Concessions Limited. The principle correspondents are: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain; Sir Charles Belgrave, Advisor to the Government of Bahrain; Shaikh Sulman bin Hamad Al Khalifa [Salmān bin Ḥamad Āl Khalīfah], ruler of Bahrain; Shaikh Abdulla bin Qasim Al-Thani [‘Abdullāh bin Qāsim Āl Thānī], ruler of Qatar; and representatives (usually Ernest Vincent Packer) of Petroleum Concessions Limited (hereafter, the company) and its subsidiary, Petroleum Development (Qatar) Limited.

The matters covered by the file are mostly founded on the rival historic claims to the old settlement of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. . They are as follows:

  • the need to settle normal relations between the two countries, partly driven by the clarity needed to define oil concessions;
  • the company's attempts to buy land in Manama which lead to conditions imposed by the ruler of Bahrain concerning mosques, tombs and properties in Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. that are claimed by the Āl Khalīfah family;
  • disagreements over the company's use of the port of Sitra in Bahrain, and what they are permitted to import and export;
  • a meeting held between Packer and Shaikh Salmān on 15 February 1947 to settle these issues;
  • incidences of violence and conflict between Bahraini seamen employed by the company and Qatari guards at Zekrit during 1947 and 1948;
  • the refusal by Qatari authorities to allow Shaikh Shafi bin Salim, head of the Bani Hajir tribe, and his four sons to land at Zekrit in July 1948.

Folios 43-45 are internal office notes.

Extent and format
1 file (44 folios)
Arrangement

The file is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover and terminates at the back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 2-33; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 38/16 Effects of Bahrain-Qatar dispute on P. C. L.' [‎22r] (43/92), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/871, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100025657295.0x00002c> [accessed 21 October 2019]

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