'File 38/3 I, P. C. L. Qatar Concession' [108r] (220/484)
The record is made up of 1 volume (238 folios). It was created in 2 May 1940-15 Mar 1947. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
i' ; • C • Xj • ,
8th January,* 1945.
Dear Major Hickinbotham,
SILVER CUMHINCY - QAT.AJI
Reference your No. C/1751 dated the 10th December
2. The only reason the Company have paid in silver is
that the Ruler of Qatar refuses to take notes or to
recognise a credit to his account in the Eastern Ban
Ltd.T Bahrain. Under the terms of the_Concession the
Comnany can discharge its obligations in respect of the
annual concession payment by payment into the Banji, but
the Shaikh in 1943 and 1944 steadily refused to accept
this method in spite of the fact that the political
Agent (Mr. Wakefield) wrote to him pointing out that
the Company was within its rights in using the Bans.
At this time there was considerable correspondence on
the matter, much of it unreasonable, illogical^ana
acrimonious on the part of the Shaikh. ’
during his recent visits to Bahrain for dental treatment,
made it quite clear that his father would insist on
silver again in 1945. The reason t he_ Qatar shaikhs
insist on silver is probably as explained in Mr.Wakefield
letter D.O.No. c/1021 dated the 28th July 1943 (vide
enclosure to a general note attached), from which the
following is an epctract
"Bedouin are unlikely ever to attach the same
"value to paper currency as to silver coin; and
"as long as Bedouin buy and sell in the markets
"of the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. there will always be a
"tendency for silver coin to be regarded as more
"valuable than paper currency."
This probably applies particularly to Qatar which has
no direct contacts with the outside world.
3. If the Government of India decide that silver is
not to be made available, we would very much appreciate
your assistance to avoid a deadlock with the Ruler such
as occurred before under similar circumstances.^ 'We
feel that a letter from you putting the matter in very
About this item
The volume contains correspondence relating to the work of Petroleum Development (Qatar) Limited, a subsidiary of Petroleum Concessions Limited, in Qatar. The correspondence is principally between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Bahrain, the Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. in Bushire [ Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. ], representatives of Petroleum Concessions Limited (at their offices in Bahrain and the United Kingdom) and Petroleum Development (Qatar) Limited (in the field in Qatar), the Foreign Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Government of India, the ruler of Qatar, Abdulla bin Qasim al Thani [‘Abdullāh bin Qāsim Āl Thānī], and the ruler of Bahrain, Salmān bin Ḥamad Āl Khalīfah.
The papers contained in the volume cover the following matters:
- the employment of foreign workers within the oil industry in Qatar, particularly that of Americans, Portuguese Goans, and Bahrainis;
- the expansion of drilling operations during the early stages of the Second World War;
- plans for a sea terminal on the Qatari coast, and a pipeline to any such port;
- the striking of oil at a new second well in March 1941;
- the form and method of payment of the concession royalties to the Shaikh of Qatar by the oil company;
- measures taken by the Oil Control Board to ensure continuing supplies of oil during the Second World War;
- the reopening of the Qatar oil fields following a short closure due to war;
- rates of pay and provision of meals for oil workers.
Also within the volume is a report by the Acting Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , William Rupert Hay, on his visit to Qatar on 13 November 1941 (folios 64-66) and a petition to the ruler of Bahrain (folios 148-52) signed by thirty-six Bahraini pearl merchants and boat captains; it complains that higher wages in the Qatar oil industry are attracting essential divers away from the pearling boats (folios 148-52).
At the back of the file (folios 224-37) are internal office notes.
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (238 folios)
The volume is arranged chronologically.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the main foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates at the back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 5-223; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.
- Written in
- English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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