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'File 39/24 Seabed concession, Qatar' [‎28r] (55/104)

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The record is made up of 1 file (50 folios). It was created in 23 Dec 1947-17 Dec 1950. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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\' <v
Confidential*
No.C/R-461.
Dear Felly ?
Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. ,
Bahrain,
28th August, 1960.
U 1 *
.s
Will you please refer to my letter No.C/R-383
of 22r4 July about Superior Oil Company’s operations?
U
2 * I enclose a copy of a letter I have received ^
from Sprague containing certaim queries. I pr^ipes^,
if you agree, to reply saying that his undjersl^anding
of the position is correct. The only^oint that I am g
not sure of is whether there h^s—been any ciiange in tha- £' .
position about shoals havi^r^erritorial waters
Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. letter No.C/1227 dr 23rd December^194?^ to the
Ruler of Qatar (a copy of which was fo*>w|frded to the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India.
with Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. printed letter No.C/38 , *6f r 7th January, 1948),
which is clearly the document seen by Sprague before he
drafted the enclosed letter, it is stated that twa shoals
cannot be considered as islands having territorial waters,
but I seem to remember that there has been subsequent
discussions on this question between the Admiralty and
the Foreign Office, and I am not certain if the position
has been modified in any way. I see from Sir Rupert Hay’s
letter No.126-S of 18th January, 1947, that whereas no
part of the Dibalsremains above high water level, there
is a possibility that Jaradah might be considered as an
island. ^ ^
-plZ/to. X
3. As regards the request in the last paragraph of
Sprague’s letter, I am unable to find that there hes been
any detailed survey of the shoals for the purpose of de
fining the area covered by the rights of sovereignty claimed. #
The most accurate map which we possess in the Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. seems
to be the one referred to in Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. letter No.187/10/49^
of 10th September, 1949, but I doubt if the areas of the
shoals are sufficiently accurately defined to satisfy the
Superior Oil Company’s requirements. However, I am not
sure if the area has ever been covered by H.M. Survey ships,
if so, their charts should be able to supply us with suf
ficient detail.
4. I was also asked verbally by Sprague at the time he £
gave me this letter if I could inform him on what basis
these two shoals and the Hawar island were allotted to^ \
Bahrain rather than to Qatar. I presume that I can inform
him on the terms employed in the final approv«iK^rafts
forwarded under Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. letter No.187/6/49^of 20th April,
1949, that as His Majesty’s Government have recognised the
sovereignty of Bahrain over these islands, these shoals
have been allotted to Bahrein although they fall on the
Qatar side of a median line, but this hardly takes us any
further forward than the phrasing in paragraph 4 of this
Agency’s letter No.0/122? of 23rd December, 1947. I would
therefore
His Excellency Mr. C.J. Felly, O.B.E.,
Ag. Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
Bahrain.
5 - i+b

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Content

The file contains correspondence, mostly in English and Arabic, between the Ruler of Qatar, Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī (from August 1949 Shaikh ‘Alī bin ‘Abdullāh Āl Thānī); the Ruler of Bahrain, Shaikh Salmān bin Ḥamad Āl Khalīfah; the Adviser to the Government of Bahrain and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain; regarding the jurisdiction over the seabed adjacent to the coastline, for the purpose of oil drilling offshore. The papers include a dispute between the Ruler of Qatar and Petroleum Development Qatar Ltd on the interpretation of the oil concession with regard to the Qatar coastal waters and Decision of Arbitrators (folios 13-19).

The file also contains correspondence with the Ruler of Qatar and Superior Oil Company, concerning the Company’s request for permission to drill in the shoals represented on folio 41, and considering claims of the Ruler of Bahrain over the same shoals.

Extent and format
1 file (50 folios)
Arrangement

The papers in the file are arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence commences at the front cover with 1 and terminates at the back cover with 52; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional incomplete foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 2-51; these numbers are written in a combination of pencil and ink, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 39/24 Seabed concession, Qatar' [‎28r] (55/104), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/891, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100025672096.0x000038> [accessed 23 October 2019]

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