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'File 4/13 II Zubarah' [‎12r] (28/543)

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The record is made up of 1 file (268 folios). It was created in 9 Jun 1937-28 Jul 1937. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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■from Shaikh Abdallah
To' Captain Hickinbotahm, -^.A.
^ated 5th H a bi al ^bani 1356 (14th June 1937).
A. C.
l be * to state to you wiih regard to the question of
%shid bin %ha r anad and his followers, -on ai’e aware
that they -are ny subjects and under me formerly and newly
and they are from Q a tar tribes; there are clear proofs
in this connection. 1 have explained clearly about this
and waited all this time with a hope that their return may
be obtained in a satisfactory way, that they should submit
to me and return as they were, obey my orders and avoid
useless thffes which do not concern them in a peaceful way
for the sake of their safety and peace for all. But I do not
see but my toleration would increase their arrogance and
declaration of hostility against me. why they should show
hostility to me and spoil my subjects when they are my
subjects. N 0 w the case has reached to a stage where no
toleration c uld be expected, l am better aware of ny
subjects and of my country, if they submit to peace between
me and them then I wish the safety and if they refuse
to any ting to; but detest and corruption and continue making
disturbances as they do now 1 shall be compelled to make
them return to my submission and obedience by any means
by the strength of God. ^t the people of B a hrain always
send them helps in any away even arms which they collect
from every where inside and outside and send to I\ T a im.
And to any foreign subject they come across they give him
money and send him secretly. 1 have heard that they sent
certain subjects of ^ a hrain etc to M a im to instigat^y subjects
to raise against ae fighi^ with me. I therefore make
it clear to you that l would not be responsible for anything
which may occur to the subjects of Bahrain who went and joined
the -.aim in order to fight with my subjects in my country.

About this item


This file contains correspondence regarding tensions between Qatar and Bahrain over the ownership of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. and related clashes that took place between the forces of Qatar and members of the Al Naim tribe (allied to the Al Khalifa, the ruling family of Bahrain).

Much of the correspondence relates to British-mediated negotiations and as such, it consists of letters (in Arabic and English translation) between Tom Hickinbotham, Britain's Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Bahrain, and the rulers of Qatar and Bahrain, Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī and Shaikh Ḥamad bin ‘Īsá Āl Khalīfah, respectively. The file also contains correspondence between Hickinbotham, Shaikh Rashīd bin Muḥammad, Chief of the Al Naim tribe and Charles Belgrave, the Adviser to the Government of Bahrain.

The file contains copies of British Government correspondence from 1874-1876 when similar tensions had arisen between Qatar and Bahrain over Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. (ff 178-197) and also includes a series of 12 black and white, aerial photographs of Qatar, mainly of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. (ff 251-263).

Extent and format
1 file (268 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover and terminates at the back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional incomplete foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 219-234; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 4/13 II Zubarah' [‎12r] (28/543), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/203, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 March 2019]

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