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'File 4/13 II Zubarah' [‎209r] (423/543)

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The record is made up of 1 file (268 folios). It was created in 9 Jun 1937-28 Jul 1937. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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His Highness the Shaikh of Bahrain called to
interview me this morning* He said that he merely
wished to say how do you do, but after a few genera
lities he stated that he had Shaikh Rashid with him .
He asked if I had any objection to see Shaikh Rashid.
I said I had not. I was under the impression that he
was referring to his father-in-law Shaikh Rashid bin
Mohammad; however, when Shaikh Rashid appeared he
was Shaikh Ra-^l^ bin Muhamnad al Jabur, the leader
of the Naim* Shaikh Rashid proceeded to make a long
complaint regarding the theft of cattle, etc., which
he alleged Shaikh Abdullah had connived at both during
and before the hositilities. I told him that if he
had any complaint to make he should make it to the
Ruler of Qatar. Shaikh Rashid informed me that he hdd
entered into an agreement with the Ruler of Qatar and
that he had agreed to obey the laws of Qatar while
he resided in Qatar. Shaikh 1 Abdullah bin Jassim had
told him that he was at liberty to leave Qatar if he
y/ished to. Shaikh Rashid then proceeded to make a fur
ther complaint regarding the burning of houses and villa
ges, etcetera. I again told him that these were matters
for the Shaikh of Qatar and that His Majesty*s Govern
ment did not interfere in the internal affairs of the
Shaikhdoms and that if he had any complaints to make
he should, strictly speaking, make them to the Ruler
of the country. If he objected to observing the orders
of the Ruler of Qatar, he appeared to be at perfect li
berty to leave the country. Shaikh Rashid then stated
that he had left the Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. area with his tribesmen
and that he was living near Umm al Mai and that he was
worried by the bedouins i^ho he stated were the subjects

About this item


This file contains correspondence regarding tensions between Qatar and Bahrain over the ownership of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. and related clashes that took place between the forces of Qatar and members of the Al Naim tribe (allied to the Al Khalifa, the ruling family of Bahrain).

Much of the correspondence relates to British-mediated negotiations and as such, it consists of letters (in Arabic and English translation) between Tom Hickinbotham, Britain's Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Bahrain, and the rulers of Qatar and Bahrain, Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī and Shaikh Ḥamad bin ‘Īsá Āl Khalīfah, respectively. The file also contains correspondence between Hickinbotham, Shaikh Rashīd bin Muḥammad, Chief of the Al Naim tribe and Charles Belgrave, the Adviser to the Government of Bahrain.

The file contains copies of British Government correspondence from 1874-1876 when similar tensions had arisen between Qatar and Bahrain over Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. (ff 178-197) and also includes a series of 12 black and white, aerial photographs of Qatar, mainly of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. (ff 251-263).

Extent and format
1 file (268 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover and terminates at the back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional incomplete foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 219-234; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 4/13 II Zubarah' [‎209r] (423/543), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/203, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 March 2019]

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