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'Confidential 86/7 - ix B.52. P.C.L. TRUCIAL COAST' [‎98v] (201/420)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (206 folios). It was created in 1 Jan 1938-13 Jan 1939. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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12
7. Notwithstanding anything contained in the Agreement between the Company
and the Sheikh the Company shall not have the right to use or occupy, and shall
not include in the areas to be acquired or utilised for the purposes of its operations,
any sites which may have been selected by or on behalf of the Sheikh or His
Majesty’s Government for defence purposes, for aerodrpmes, aeroplane or seaplane
bases or for wireless and telegraph installations or in connection with the develop
ment of harbours, provided that with the consent of His Majesty’s Government
which shall not be unreasonably withheld the Company shall have the right to use
for the purposes of its operations such harbours as may be developed by the Sheikh
or His Majesty’s Government if there is not reasonable harbour accommodation
available elsewhere. Subject to the terms of the Agreement between the Company
and the Sheikh harbours developed by the Company shall be under its complete
and exclusive control.
8. Telegraph, wireless and telephone installations, if any, maintained by the
Company shall be for use only in its business and as provided in the concession,
and shall be so constructed and operated that their operations shall not interfere
with the operations of such wireless, telegraph or telephone installations as may be
established by the Sheikh or His Majesty’s Government, or their agent.
9. In the event of a state of national emergency or war (of the existence of
either of which His Majesty’s Government shall be the sole judge) His Majesty’s
Government shall have the right of pre-emption of all the oil produced in Sharjah
in accordance with the terms of the Schedule hereto.
10. The Company shall obtain the prior permission of the Sheikh before
working in any particular area, in order that the Sheikh may be in a position to
fulfil his responsibilities for the protection of the Company. The Sheikh shall not
unreasonably withhold such permission, and in any case in which the Company
feels that the free movement of its personnel within the concession area is being
unnecessarily restricted the matter shall be referred for decision to the Political
Resident.
11. In the event of notice of termination of the Agreement between the Company
and the Sheikh being given on the ground that the Company has failed to observe
any of the terms of the present Agreement between the Company and His Majesty’s
Government, the arbitration provisions of the said Agreement between the Company
and the Sheikh shall apply if the Company considers that notice of termination on
such grounds is not justified, and in that event the Sheikh shall not cancel the said
Agreement until arbitration takes place in accordance with the said provisions and
unless the Company fails to comply with the award of the arbitrators within the
reasonable time which shall be fixed by the arbitrators for so doing.
IN WITNESS whereof John Charles Walton, C.B., on behalf of His Majesty’s
Government has hereunto set his hand and seal and the Company has hereunto
caused its Common Seal to be affixed the day and year first above written.
THE SCHEDULE above referred to.
Pre-emption Clause.
In the event of a state of national emergency or war (of the existence of which
His Majesty’s Government shall be the sole judge)—
(1) His Majesty’s Government shall have the right of pre-emption of all
crude oil gotten under the concession granted by the Sheikh to the Company
and of all the products thereof and shall have the right to require the
Company to the extent of any refining capacity it may have in Sharjah to
produce oil fuel that shall comply with the Admiralty specifications at the time
provided that Sharjah oil be of a suitable kind and quality for this purpose.
(2) The Company shall use its utmost endeavours to increase so far as
reasonably possible with existing facilities the supply of oil and/or products
thereof for the Government to the extent required by the Government.
(3) The Company shall with every reasonable expedition and so as to avoid
demurrage on the vessel or vessels engaged to convey the same, do its utmost
to deliver all oil or products of oil purchased by the Government under their

About this item

Content

The volume comprises correspondence in English and Arabic between the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Trenchard Craven Fowle, Hugh Weightman), the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain (Hugh Weightman, John Baron Howes), the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent at Sharjah (Khan Sahib Saiyid ‘Abd al-Razzaq), the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (John Charles Walton, John Percival Gibson, Roland Tennyson Peel), and Petroleum Concessions Limited (John Skliros, Frederick Lewisohn, Stephen Hemsley Longrigg, Basil Henry Lermitte, Ernest Vincent Packer) regarding negotiations for oil concessions with the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. Shaikh’s.

Petroleum Concessions Limited’s negotiations with Shaikh Sultan bin Salim [Sulṭān bin Sālim Āl Qasimī], Ruler of Ras al Khaimah [Ra’s al Khaymah] are discussed, in which an agreement was initially reached with the Shaikh, who requested to see the political agreement between His Majesty’s Government and Petroleum Concessions Limited prior to concluding a concession agreement with the Company. A copy of the political agreement can be found at folios 65-66. The negotiations ultimately concluded an exploration permit for the Shaikh’s territory; with an allowance within the permit to a subsequent agreement for drilling and exploitation should the results of the exploration be favourable.

Also included is correspondence regarding the Shaikh Sultan bin Saqr [Sulṭān bin Saqr Āl Qasimī], Ruler of Sharjah’s refusal to undertake the previously agreed exchange of letters, including his attempt to reword one of the letters, and potential measures that could be used to compel him to complete the exchange prior to his eventual agreement and formal completion of the Sharjah Concession Agreement. A printed copy of the concession agreement, political agreement and letters exchanged can be found at folios 92-101.Further correspondence relates to the question of the political agreement and whether the agreement of the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. Shaikh’s to such an agreement is necessary.

The correspondence concludes that the agreement does not require the Shaikh’s approval however as Dubai and Sharjah had both previously agreed to the political agreement and the Regent of Kalba was happy to agree to it as part of the concession it was not necessary to take any action on the matter at that time. Also discussed is the requirement for HMG Her or His Majesty’s Government in London. approval to the establishment of a bank as part of the agreement and whether this was necessary; and the movements of the Standard Oil Company of California and the likelihood that they were using their alleged interest in Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. Oil Concessions to improve their chances of obtaining a concession in the unallotted area in Bahrain.

Other matters discussed in the volume include:

  • attempts at re-opening negotiations with Shaikh Shakhbut bin Sultan [Shaikh Shakhbūt bin Sulṭān bin Zāyid Āl Nahyān], Ruler of Abu Dhabi, and the Shaikh’s insistence in writing that he was not bound by His Majesty’s Government approval and was free to negotiate with whomever he wished;
  • a conversation between the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and Hamilton Ballantyne of the Bahrain Petroleum Company (BAPCO) regarding representatives of the Shaikh of Bahrain (Shaikh Ḥamad bin ‘Īsá Āl Khalīfah) having alluded to the Shaikh’s desire to grant a concession for the remaining unallotted area of his territory to BAPCO but fearing that he would lose control of the Hawar Islands if he did so;
  • Petroleum Concessions Limited’s interest in a negotiating concession for the territory of Kalba [Kalbā] with Shaikh Khalid bin Ahmad bin Sultan [Shaikh Khālid bin Aḥmad bin Sulṭān Āl Qasimī], Regent to Shaikh Hamad bin Said [Shaikh Ḥamad bin Sa‘īd Āl Qasimī] who was a minor. The correspondence discusses the actual extent of Kalba territory; Shaikh Khalid’s desire to create a combined Qawasim [Qawāsim] Shaikhdom with himself as ruler and his close relations with the Bani Chittab [Beni Qitab] tribe; and the concession agreement that was reached between the two parties;
  • printed summary issued by the Petroleum Department of His Majesty’s Government detailing petroleum developments in the Arabian Peninsula in relation to Petroleum Concessions Limited (folios 103-105, 127-129).

A series of file notes which were maintained as a record of the correspondence in the volume can be found at folios 196-203.

Extent and format
1 volume (206 folios)
Arrangement

The volume contains a table of contents on folio 4 comprising of subject headings and page references. The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 6-195 with a gap between f 40 and f 91; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled and are located in the same position as the main sequence.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Confidential 86/7 - ix B.52. P.C.L. TRUCIAL COAST' [‎98v] (201/420), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/679, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100025806951.0x000002> [accessed 12 November 2019]

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