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File 160/1903 'Persian Gulf: El Katr; appointment of Turkish Mudirs; question of Protectorate Treaty with El Katr' [‎5r] (14/860)

The record is made up of 1 volume (425 folios). It was created in 26 Apr 1902-16 Dec 1910. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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[This Document is fee Property of His Brita nnic Majesty's Government.]
ASIATIC TUKKEY AND ARABIA.
[December 9.]
CONFIDENTIAL. Section 2 .
[ 44632 ]
No. 1.
India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. to Foreign Office.—(Received December 9.)
India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , December 9, 1910.
WITH reference to paragraph 5 of your letter of the 5th October last, I am
directed by the Secretary of State for India to forward, for the information o t e
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, copy of a telegram from the Government or India
regarding the suggested conclusion of a treaty with the Sheikh or Sheikhs ot tea r. ^
With regard to the general question ot our relations with Turkey m those regions
which this telegram raises, I am to say that the Earl of Crewe shares the views o is
predecessor, as indicated in my letters of the 7th and 28th October last. , , .
So far as the particular question of treaties with the Katr tribes is concerned his
Lordship agrees with the Government of India that no advantage wou acciue r0 ^ n
them (from the point of view of our relations with Turkey) unless the lurks can be
induced to confine themselves to their recognised possessions m El Ratit. And as it
would appear that if and when the Turks have been induced so to confine themselves
the treaties will, from the international point of view, be no longer necessary, there
seems to be no advantage in pursuing the discussion m the present connection.
I am to take this opportunity of acknowledging the receipt of your letter of t
6th instant regarding Turkish aggression on British interests m Mesopotamia. In
reply, I am to say that though Lord Crewe would prefer—for the reasol ? s ,
my letters above referred to-a eomprehensive settlement ol our dyerences w th TurW
in the circumstances he readily assents to the proposal that His Majesty s ship
“ Redbreast ” should visit the island of Zakhnuniyeh. He does not, however, imagine
that the mere visit of the ship will restore British prestige in any appreciable
measure and he would suggest that—if this result is thought necessary any furkisi
Siers or flags that maf be found on the island should be removed , or that the
“ Redbreast” should at least be accompanied by such other ships as can be spared fiom
the blockade, and should cruise to the head of the Gulf and remain as long as possible
“ ^in conclusion!Tam to say that Lord Crewe has learned with deep regret from the
enclosures in your letter that'British Indian subjects have found it necessary to c ange
their nationality in the circumstances described. This fact cannot fai o crea e a mos
unfortunate impression in India, and constitutes a further ar ^ m ; ® nt gir I E"orey’s
needed—for the firm and comprehensive policy that was ™ dlca H “ h ;„ office letter
despatch of the 17th October, and advocated in the interests of India m this Office lett
of the 28th October. j am £ c
’ R. RITCHIE.
Enclosure in No. 1.
Government of India to the Earl of Crewe.
December 1, 1910.
Tel6 E0LL0WING repiy received from resident Persian G^om have consulted
,n question raised in your telegram dated the 6th October as to El Katr.
« l find it difficult to discuss question at present juncture apart from general
situation in the Gulf as between Great Britain and Turkey
“ His Majesty’s consul at Bussorah informs ^ *n a lettownic ^ to
ne, that, in reply to an enquiry as to what a , ctl “ matt y er eit her privately
Zakhnuniyeh, the new vah challenged coi^.^ Tjwent on toLxpres^
^stoniJhmS the co^lTnot^inding^own t —
7ecenT wh^TaTTeen madTto^he Turkish Government; an impossible and
[1814 i—2]
(0

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Content

This volume contains memoranda, copies of correspondence and telegrams, and minutes of letters between British officials regarding:

  • Turkish claims over El Katr (Qatar), and the creation of Turkish administrative posts on the Qatari coast, with 'mudirs' (sub-governors) being assigned during 1903 to Odeid (Al Udeid), Wakra (Al Wakrah), Zobara (Al Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. ), and Musalamia Island (Suwad ash Shamaliyah);
  • 'the desire of Sheikh Ahmed bin-Thani, Ruler of Qatar, to be taken under British Protection', in 1902, and a Proposed Protectorate Treaty with the Ruler of Qatar, in 1904;
  • the Ruler of Abu Dhabi's intention to occupy Odeid in 1906.

The main correspondents are: the Viceroy, the Foreign Office (Thomas Henry Sanderson), the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, Marquess of Lansdowne), and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .

The volume includes a divider which gives the year that the subject file was opened, the subject heading, and a list of correspondence references contained in it arranged by year. This divider is placed at the front of the volume.

The volume also contains the translation of a Turkish press article.

Extent and format
1 volume (425 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 428; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Condition: the spine is detached from the volume and preserved in a polyester sheet, on folio 427.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 160/1903 'Persian Gulf: El Katr; appointment of Turkish Mudirs; question of Protectorate Treaty with El Katr' [‎5r] (14/860), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/4, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026021679.0x00000f> [accessed 17 October 2019]

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