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File 160/1903 'Persian Gulf: El Katr; appointment of Turkish Mudirs; question of Protectorate Treaty with El Katr' [‎7r] (18/860)

The record is made up of 1 volume (425 folios). It was created in 26 Apr 1902-16 Dec 1910. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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B. 181.
This Document is the property of the Secretary of State for India in Council.
CONFIDENTIAL.
British relations with Turkey in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
Memorandum on Lieutenant-Colonel Cox’s telegram repeated
in Government of India’s Telegram of 1 st December 1910 .
The immediate question out of which this arises is the desirability of
concluding a treaty with a Sheikh or Sheikhs of the El Katr peninsula as a
bulwark against Turkish aggression. In a Despatch of 22nd August 1910
His Majesty’s Ambassador at Constantinople had written: “ Should His
“ Majesty’s Government and the Government of India now decide on the
“ expediency of making such a treaty, there would seem to me no objection
“ from the Constantinople point of view.” The Foreign Office referred to
the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. to the Government of India, and the
Government of India to Lieutenant-Colonel Cox.
It will be convenient to take Lieutenant-Colonel Cox’s telegram piece
meal :—
1 .
“ At the present juncture f. find it difficult to discuss question apart from
general Anglo-Turkish situation in the Gulf.
In a letter just received Consul at Basrah writes that new Vali, when
asked what action he had taken regarding Zakhnuniyeh, replied that
the island is Turkish territory and challenged right of Consul to
discuss it officially or privately. He added that he was astonished
that Consul did not mind his own business which was trade. It is
thus evident that communications made to Porte regarding^ recent
incidents have had no effect, and it seems to me that position has
become impossible and humiliating, and that unless atmosphere is
quickly cleared frequent recurrence of unpleasant incidents is
inevitable. It appears to be generally agreed that temporising
policy, which we have pursued for years past, will not serve the
purpose with the Young Turk regime, and Z submit that then
assertive attitude and recent attempts^ to _ upset status quo give us
strong and imperative grounds for settling issues nowT
The general position is at present as follows. In then lettei of 4th
October last the Foreign Office requested the observations of Viscount
Morley on the terms of a draft despatch which it was proposed to address to
His Majesty’s Ambassador at Constantinople, “respecting the vexatious
“ treatment of British subjects in Asiatic Turkey, and the number of
“ incidents of political aggression which have lecently marked ^the conduct
“ 0 f the Ottoman authorities in the region of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .” The draft
despatch, after enumerating the complaints of His Majesty’s Government,
concluded as follows:— ... j* • c i
“ These occurrences, which individually have been the cause oi pciiniui
surprise to His Majesty’s Government, have produced in their cumu
lative effect, an unfavourable impression as to the present attitude of
the local Ottoman authorities,—an attitude which appears to be one of
hostility and aggression. . , T .
“ His Majesty’s Government cannot believe that this attitude has tiie
approval of the Central Government, or is based upon their specific
instructions I therefore have decided to instruct you to communicate
a translation of this despatch to the Minister of Foreign Affairs in
order that his Excellency may be fully apprised of the views of His
Majesty’s Government and of their causes of complaint, in taking
this step your Excellency should explain that His Majesty s Govern
ment have decided to make friendly representations, believing that
the Ottoman Government will redress the grievances referred to, for
a situation of very considerable gravity would of couise arise if they
proved to be the result of deliberate and unfriendly policy.”
S. 41.

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Content

This volume contains memoranda, copies of correspondence and telegrams, and minutes of letters between British officials regarding:

  • Turkish claims over El Katr (Qatar), and the creation of Turkish administrative posts on the Qatari coast, with 'mudirs' (sub-governors) being assigned during 1903 to Odeid (Al Udeid), Wakra (Al Wakrah), Zobara (Al Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. ), and Musalamia Island (Suwad ash Shamaliyah);
  • 'the desire of Sheikh Ahmed bin-Thani, Ruler of Qatar, to be taken under British Protection', in 1902, and a Proposed Protectorate Treaty with the Ruler of Qatar, in 1904;
  • the Ruler of Abu Dhabi's intention to occupy Odeid in 1906.

The main correspondents are: the Viceroy, the Foreign Office (Thomas Henry Sanderson), the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, Marquess of Lansdowne), and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .

The volume includes a divider which gives the year that the subject file was opened, the subject heading, and a list of correspondence references contained in it arranged by year. This divider is placed at the front of the volume.

The volume also contains the translation of a Turkish press article.

Extent and format
1 volume (425 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 428; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Condition: the spine is detached from the volume and preserved in a polyester sheet, on folio 427.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 160/1903 'Persian Gulf: El Katr; appointment of Turkish Mudirs; question of Protectorate Treaty with El Katr' [‎7r] (18/860), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/4, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026021679.0x000013> [accessed 17 February 2020]

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