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File 160/1903 'Persian Gulf: El Katr; appointment of Turkish Mudirs; question of Protectorate Treaty with El Katr' [‎11v] (27/860)

The record is made up of 1 volume (425 folios). It was created in 26 Apr 1902-16 Dec 1910. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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i
10
of her navy’may render task very difficult, if not impossible. Jn any
case, therefore, by one method or another, I. respectfully urge necessity
of adjusting position with Turkey forthwith, and eliminating chronic
elements of friction which have now become dangerous."
The conclusions to which these considerations seem to point are as
follows :—
(1.) It is desirable to conclude treaties with the Katr tribes.
(2.) It is not possible to do so unless we can guarantee them against Turkish
aggression.
(3.) There seem to be three ways of arriving at such a guarantee—
(а) A comprehensive settlement by friendly agreement. The
materials for this do not appear to be forthcoming.
(б) A comprehensive settlement by announcement to the Turks
that we do not recognise their position at Koweit and south
of Ujair, and the translation of that announcement into action
by the removal of all signs of Turkish authority. This would
obviously be a serious measure, but it might perhaps be
taken in reply to some particularly objectionable action on
the part of the Turks, either in the Gulf or elsewhere, such
as will doubtless be forthcoming before long.
(c) A piecemeal settlement. We should make no announcement
of policy ; but as each case arises, instead of protesting,
remove the objectionable Turks. In the case of Koweit
this would also, presumably, mean that we should support
the Sheikh b}^ force in the question of the registration of his
Turkish properties, i.e., guarantee him against the conse
quences of forcibly ejecting any persons whom the Turks
might send to take possession of those properties.
(4.) When the Turkish difficulty has been finally removed by one or
other of these means, the main reason for concluding the
agreements will have disappeared.
It is for the Foreign Office to decide.
7th December 1910.
F. A. H.
o
*7
|
'i

About this item

Content

This volume contains memoranda, copies of correspondence and telegrams, and minutes of letters between British officials regarding:

  • Turkish claims over El Katr (Qatar), and the creation of Turkish administrative posts on the Qatari coast, with 'mudirs' (sub-governors) being assigned during 1903 to Odeid (Al Udeid), Wakra (Al Wakrah), Zobara (Al Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. ), and Musalamia Island (Suwad ash Shamaliyah);
  • 'the desire of Sheikh Ahmed bin-Thani, Ruler of Qatar, to be taken under British Protection', in 1902, and a Proposed Protectorate Treaty with the Ruler of Qatar, in 1904;
  • the Ruler of Abu Dhabi's intention to occupy Odeid in 1906.

The main correspondents are: the Viceroy, the Foreign Office (Thomas Henry Sanderson), the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, Marquess of Lansdowne), and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .

The volume includes a divider which gives the year that the subject file was opened, the subject heading, and a list of correspondence references contained in it arranged by year. This divider is placed at the front of the volume.

The volume also contains the translation of a Turkish press article.

Extent and format
1 volume (425 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 428; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Condition: the spine is detached from the volume and preserved in a polyester sheet, on folio 427.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 160/1903 'Persian Gulf: El Katr; appointment of Turkish Mudirs; question of Protectorate Treaty with El Katr' [‎11v] (27/860), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/4, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026021679.0x00001c> [accessed 14 October 2019]

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