File 160/1903 'Persian Gulf: El Katr; appointment of Turkish Mudirs; question of Protectorate Treaty with El Katr' [58r] (120/860)
The record is made up of 1 volume (425 folios). It was created in 26 Apr 1902-16 Dec 1910. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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[This Document is the Property of His Britannic Majesty’s Government.]
ASIATIC TURKEY AND ARABIA.
 No. 1.
Sir G. Lov:ther to Sir Ediuard Grey. — (Received'August 29.)
(No. 603.) . ,
gj r Therapia, August 22, 1910.
ON the 5th July I received a telegram from His Majesty’s consul at Bussorah to
the effect that, according to information from the resident at Bushire, Turkish soldiers
had amain returned to the island of Zakhnuniyeh and that the Turkish flag was hoisted
there on Fridays, and later received the despatch from Mr. Crow, copy of which is
enclosed herewith. • .
I immediately brought the matter to the notice of the Minister for Foreign Affairs
and renewed mv representations of the spring of last year on the lines of the
instructions conveyed in your telegram of the 30th May, 1909, pointing out that the
island is situated some 10 miles to the south-east of Ojair, the point recognised by His
Majesty’s Government as the furthest limit of Ottoman jurisdiction m El klassa, and
that this violation of the status quo would only needlessly create a fresh incident. is
Excellency promised to study the question and let me know the result later on, but
from the evasive nature of his replies to my repeated representations of last summer I
have some doubt about obtaining a definite settlement as desired by His v ajes y s
Government, and suspect that the withdrawal of the military post, reporteu by me on
the 27th September, 1909, was merely owing to the termination ol the_ fishing season,
during which the Turks pretended the presence of their gendarmes to be necessary to
maintain order among the Dowasir fishermen from Bahrein who frequent the is and
In a report received by the Porte from the Mutessanf of El Hassa the latter, after
giving the dimensions, &c., of Zakhnuniyeh, maintained that it was practically part o
fhe mainland, thus revealing the pretensions of the Turks not only to the island but to
1116 T. 4 Cri'TnAfs telegram of the 6th August, 1910, reported that the Vali of
Bussorah has now appointed a mudir, or sub-governor, at Odeid. All this seems to
point to a determination to assert and extend Ottoman sovereignty in the neighbour
hood of El Katr and it seems to me only prudent that His Majesty s Government
should make up its mind as to the attitude to be adopted towards loung Tin . }
general forwafd policy in the regions of the Gulf. Under the old regime we
femporised, but it seems that now a more definite and direct attitude may become
expedient, if not necessary. The vigorous action of the , b® ' shlwecf a deter®
with the Sheikh of Mohammerah and m the bombardment of Zein showed a deter
m , atten to assert Turkish sovereign rights ; while Mr. Lonmer, m his telegram of the
16th Aucnist records his conviction that the high-handed methods employed by
the authorities of Bagdad in the matter of the demolition of Messrs. Lynch s premises
and the threatened encroachments on the residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. were intended to demonstiate t at
foreiffn subiects and interests are at their mercy. This policy, if not checked, may be
fiZded to ?he sepoy guard of the residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and to the “ Comet ” the presence of both
of which is highly distasteful to Turkish national sentiment, whilst it is not impossi e
we mav eventually find a boycott, as in the case of the Greeks and Austrians
started against Lynch’sfiteamers with the object of driving this foreign company w th
its foreiln flag off Turkish internal waters. The old regime was economically old-
fashioned and negative as regards the assertion of its sovereign rig 1 s - ,,,,1
^Ster the change in July° 1908, and while the Cabinet was composed of the Elder
committeemen t°pk mj P a U m machinery of Government, the
them, and when m 1909 the com a.,,,,,-,,,oritnrs were put in the background,
Elder Liberal statesmen and pro-Bntis f ■ thouoh the present rulers
and their voices and sentiments silenced by the "C^sed of younger
have to reckon with them to a certain extent Jte ™ttee co p
men is more modern and businesslike, while it is also more pu-n b
[ 2853 /— 1 ]
About this item
This volume contains memoranda, copies of correspondence and telegrams, and minutes of letters between British officials regarding:
- Turkish claims over El Katr (Qatar), and the creation of Turkish administrative posts on the Qatari coast, with 'mudirs' (sub-governors) being assigned during 1903 to Odeid (Al Udeid), Wakra (Al Wakrah), Zobara (Al Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. ), and Musalamia Island (Suwad ash Shamaliyah);
- 'the desire of Sheikh Ahmed bin-Thani, Ruler of Qatar, to be taken under British Protection', in 1902, and a Proposed Protectorate Treaty with the Ruler of Qatar, in 1904;
- the Ruler of Abu Dhabi's intention to occupy Odeid in 1906.
The main correspondents are: the Viceroy, the Foreign Office (Thomas Henry Sanderson), the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, Marquess of Lansdowne), and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .
The volume includes a divider which gives the year that the subject file was opened, the subject heading, and a list of correspondence references contained in it arranged by year. This divider is placed at the front of the volume.
The volume also contains the translation of a Turkish press article.
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (425 folios)
The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 428; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.
Condition: the spine is detached from the volume and preserved in a polyester sheet, on folio 427.
- Written in
- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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