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File 1855/1904 Pt 4 'Koweit:- Loans to Sheikh.' [‎113r] (225/242)

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The record is made up of 121 folios. It was created in 1 Jun 1904-4 Apr 1918. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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1. The Commission was still engaged
throughout the month in the Subaihi country.
By arrangements with the Ottoman Commis
sioners a Turkish detachment was sent to escort
a British surveyor working west of Hawab.
On enquiry, A1 Akma (see paragraph 1 of
Memorandum for April) was identified with a
place marked as El Khamar on the War Office
map of South-West Arabia, some fifty miles
to the east of Mokha. On the 10th May,
Colonel Wahab telegraphed that the true
Atiffi border appears to extend to a point
immediately north of Dabab, while Akka, the
extreme Buremi limit, would seem to be near
Shebe; a line from El Khamar to the north of
Dabab would thus be the true limit of Subaihi
territory within which Sheikh Said constitutes
an enclave. The claims of the Subaihis to this
boundary are by no means shadowy, but are
supported by oral, as well as documentary,
evidence. Colonel Wahab is inclined, how
ever, to accept a line running nearly straight
from latitude 13° 5" and longitude 43° 49" to
Turba. This line would follow the watershed
between the Bed Sea and the Gulf of Aden,
dividing the Subaihi subjects who still pay
tribute to the Subaihi Chiefs and those who
within recent years have been brought under
Ottoman influence, and would leave to the
Turks some 550 square miles of Subaihi terri
tory, which, though sparsely populated, is from
its geographical position an important tract.
The Government of Bombay and General
Maitland have recommended the adoption
of this line, adding, however, that care should
be taken to ensure the frontier passing as
close to Sheikh Said as possible with the object
of securing command of the harbour, the
possible construction of which was discussed
some years ago. On the 26th the Commission
were asked to make a full enquiry and report
by letter, with illustrative maps, as to the
Dabab and Turba lines, as the matter is of
importance on strategic grounds.
2. On the 28th May, a telegram was
received from Colonel Wahab, stating that the
Commission had arrived at Perim and visited

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Content

The volume concerns the payment of loans by the Government of India to Shaikh Mubarak [Mubārak bin Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ] of Koweit [Kuwait].

The principal correspondents are the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait; the Viceroy of India; the Shaikh of Kuwait; and senior officials at the Foreign Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Treasury, and the Government of India.

The papers cover: loan of 100,000 rupees to the Shaikh of Kuweit in 1904 'to meet the payment due to his nephews under the recent arbitration award' (f 114v), June 1904 - February 1905 (ff 90-121); loan of 200,000 rupees to the Shaikh of Kuweit in 1909, who needed ready money as a result of 'large advances made to pearl merchants who cannot be pressed for immediate repayment, and to the fact that his brother, Sheikh Khazal, has asked for postponement of large loan due to Sheikh Mubarak' (f 79), February - October 1909 (ff 37-89); loan of 200,000 rupees to the Shaikh of Kuweit in 1913 as a result of financial needs arising from water supply difficulties in Kuwait, distress amongst the diving community caused by a falling pearl market, the Shaikh's inability to sell stocks of dates, and the need to support the owners of pearl boats and so prevent a reaction on the local trade of Kuwait (ff 24-25), December 1913 - February 1914 (ff 17-36); papers concerning the water supply at Kuwait, contained in Government of India memoranda dated September-October 1914 (ff 4-16); and India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. letter proposing remission of the loan of 1914, in view of the assistance rendered by the Shaikh of Kuweit 'in maintaining the blockade at Koweit', 4 April 1918 (f 2).

The date range gives the covering dates of all the documents in the file; the covering dates of the minute papers given on the subject divider on folio 1 are 1904-14. There are no papers between 1914 and 1918.

Extent and format
121 folios
Written in
English in Latin script
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File 1855/1904 Pt 4 'Koweit:- Loans to Sheikh.' [‎113r] (225/242), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/48/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026127009.0x000023> [accessed 19 November 2019]

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