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File 1247/1912 Pt 1 'Turkey:- Communication to Turkish Govt of agreement between Gt. Britain and Koweit, Bahrein & Trucial Chiefs. Decorations for Sheiks of Koweit, Mohammerah & Bahrein in connection with Anglo-Turkish Convention.' [‎171r] (261/336)

The record is made up of 123 folios. It was created in 19 Oct 1896-24 Sep 1913. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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[This Document is the Property of His Britannic Majesty's Government.!
EASTERN DEPARTMENT.
[July 29.]
SECRET SERIES.
Section 1.
[28300]
No. 1,
Memorandum communicated to the Turkish Ambassador, July 29, 1911.
(Confidential.)
HIS Majesty’s Government have not failed to give their careful attention to the
important proposals contained in the memorandum of the 1st March last from the
Ottoman Government.
These proposals, though they affect interests so closely interwoven that thev
cannot be settled independently the one of the other, have, for the purpose of
convenience, been set forth under three distinct headings :—
(i.) The Bagdad Railway question.
(ii.) The respective interests of Great Britain and Turkey in the region of the
Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. .
(in.) An increase from 11 per cent, to 15 per cent, ad valorem in the Turkish
customs duties.
(i.) Ihe Bagdad Railway Question.
On various occasions His Majesty’s Government have indicated the conditions
under which they would favour the participation of British capital in this enterprise ;
am, while it is not now proposed to recapitulate the earlier stages of this question,
it may be recalled that^in July 1910, as a result of prolonged discussions with the
Ottoman Minister oi Finance who was then in London, it was intimated that an
arrangement securing to British interests a representation of 55 per cent, of the
w iole in regard to the Gnilf sections of the line might be regarded as a satisfactory
solution, and, having regard to the great preponderance of certain interests in other
sections of the line, such a proportion cannot well be looked upon as excessive,
especially if the great extent of British trade in those regions and the vast tonnage
of British shipping are borne in mind.
Since ^ the arrangement laid before Djavid Bey represented a large measure
of concession on the part of His Majesty’s Government, they have received the
suggestions now made by the Ottoman Government with some surprise.
Ihe Turkish proposals for the final portions of the railway are that a new
company should be formed, and that the capital should be divided between the
Ottoman Government, who would receive 40 per cent, of the whole, and British,
French, and German groups, who would each receive 20 per cent. The details of
the financial arrangements are left for subsequent settlement between the parties
interested.
His Majesty’s Government regret that they are unable to accept these proposals.
If a new company is formed for the construction and working of the railway south
of Bagdad, and if it is to be constituted upon an international basis, His Majesty’s
Government can only accede to such an arrangement provided that British interests
are represented in a degree at least equal to that of any other Power including
Tin key, and, in ord er to effect this and with a view to emphasising the international
and commercial character of the undertaking, they would suggest that Russia should
be admitted to participation and that the percentage allotted to each country should
be 20q)er cent.
Assuming that this distribution is adopted, His Majesty’s Government consider
that a Convention should be concluded by the Powers concerned providing for the
exclusion of differential ra‘tes on any railways in Asiatic Turkey, and for equality
of treatment in regard to transport facilities and cognate matters; for the alignment
of the railway south of Bagdad and the conditions under which it is to be constructed ;
for the introduction of approved financial arrangements tending to foster the develop
ment of traffic ; and for guaranteeing that the interest in the enterprise of the several
parties concerned shall be of lasting duration and not subject to termination on the
expiry of the Bagdad Railway concession.
[2123 f—1]

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Content

The correspondence relates to the Anglo-Turkish Convention and assistance provided by the Shaikhs of Koweit [Kuwait] and Mahommerah [Khorramshahr] in the negotiation process, which results in the decision to bestow the award of KCSI (Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India) on both Shaikhs.

Also discussed are:

  • the negotiations between the Ottoman Government and the Bagdad Railway Company;
  • a request by the Turkish Government for copies of agreements and conventions made by the British Government with Koweit, Bahrein [Bahrain] and the Trucial Chiefs;
  • the decision to also bestow honours of a CSI (Companion of the Order of the Star of India) on Shaikh of Bahrein and CIE (Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire) on Haji Rais, trusted confident and adviser to the Shaikh of Mahommerah.

The principal correspondents include the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir Edward Grey), the Secretary of State for India (Viscount Morley of Blackburn, Lord George F Hamilton, and Lord Crewe), the Viceroy of India (Lord Curzon, Earl of Minto), the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. (Percy Zachariah Cox), the Foreign Secretary to the Government of India (Arthur Henry McMahon), and representatives of the Foreign Office.

Extent and format
123 folios
Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence for this description commences at f 86, and terminates at f 208, as part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

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File 1247/1912 Pt 1 'Turkey:- Communication to Turkish Govt of agreement between Gt. Britain and Koweit, Bahrein & Trucial Chiefs. Decorations for Sheiks of Koweit, Mohammerah & Bahrein in connection with Anglo-Turkish Convention.' [‎171r] (261/336), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/262/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026446594.0x000093> [accessed 24 June 2024]

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