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'Report on the Administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muscat Political Agency for the year 1877-78.' [‎245r] (35/165)

The record is made up of 1 volume (81 folios). It was created in 1878. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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AND MUSCAT POLITICAL AGENCY An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. FOR THE YEAR 1877-78.
15
names “ Sitakos” and “ Sitioganus” is easily accounted for. It frequently
happens that Greek writers, when they come across a foreign name
which in its form bears some resemblance to the oblique case of a Greek
noun, transform it into a corresponding Greek nominative. In this case
Nearchus, no doubt, heard the name pronounced “ Sitakon” or “ Sitakdn,”
and this would be in Persian, “ Sitakan,” and he himself, or per
haps Arrian, accordingly formed a nominative “Sitakos” In “ Sitio-
ganus” the “ us” is a Latin ending. The “ g” instead of “ k” is due to
a phonetic change very common in Persian, and can only be looked upon as
a difference in pronunciation. The only real difference consists in the
“ i” following the “ t,” but here a very simple and easy emendation
gives the right form, viz., instead of “ Sitioganos” read “ Sittoganos.”
This form with double “ t” will be supported by another combination
to be mentioned further on; so that Onesicritus has been a trifle more
accurate than Nearchus or Arrian.
Pliny, that is, Onesicritus, says that on this river one navigates
up to Pasargadae in seven days. This of course is not true. But such
a statement is not to be wondered at, when w r e consider how frequent
fabulous accounts of the origin and course of rivers are to be found
in the history of geography. It only shows that people at the mouth
of the river knew that its course was very long, and that it came from
somewhere up-country, perhaps not far from the royal cities of Pars.
They may also have combined it with the Pulvar.
Next comes Ptolemy [2nd cent. P. Chr.], whose knowledge of
the Indian Ocean and Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. are evidently based on log-books
from the time of the Ptolemean dynasty in Egypt and of the first
Roman Emperors. He mentions [Geog. VI, 4] at the place where we
would expect the Khor-i-Ziareh, the mouth of the river Brisoana [Brisoana
Potamon Enbolai]. Brisoana must be in old Persian “ Berezvan” or
“ Berezvana” [Epzend, Berezvant], and signifies “the mighty” [river] j
the name being only an apellative, Marcian Heracleensis copies faith
fully Ptolemy. I am not a’vVare that any other mention is made of
the Kara-Aghach River in Greek writers.
But the Arabic geographers know the river quite well, and
described its course with great accuracy. It wdll only be necessary to
quote IstakhrPs “ Kitab ul Memalik val Mesalik.”*
“As to the river ‘ Sakkan/ it issues from the landsf of El-
t •• Rustak,” a cultivated place, also RaweyhanJ from a village called “ Shax-
border district—E. C. R. ran, the fields or which it waters.
Then it flows down to the district§ of
§ Rustak. Siah, and waters it; thence to Kewar,
and waters it; thence to Khabr, and waters it; thence to El-Simakan,
* Note. —Ibn-Haukal’s “ Kitab-ul-Mesalik val Meraalik” (Ar. text, edited by De Goeje,
Leyden, 1873) is only to be considered as a new edition of Istakbri, with additions and
corrections. The passage on the rivers of Ears is almost identical in both—F. C. A.
f Note. —I have simply copied the text of De Goeje, without making any corrections.
Instead of “ El-Ruweyhan,” 1 read with Edrisi, “ Ruijan,” which is certainly connected
with rud, ru in Bunru—Siah now 8iakh—Khabr now Khafr.—F. C. A.

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Content

Administration report of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Muscat Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1877-78, published by Authority at the Foreign Department Press, Calcutta [Kolkata], 1878. The report is based on reports sent by the Officiating Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. (Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Charles Ross) and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat (Lieutenant-Colonel Samuel Barrett Miles) to the Government of India. The report is preceded by a copy of a letter sent by Ross to Alfred Comyn Lyall, Secretary to the Government of India, Foreign Department, dated 8 July 1878, which enclosed the submission of the original reports.

The report is organised in a number of sections and subsections, as follows:

Part I: General Report, signed by Ross, and arranged under subheadings as follows: Oman; Arab Coast; Bahrein [Bahrain]; Nejd [Najd]; Province of Fars and the Persian Coast and Islands; Bushire; Coast from Bushire to Lingah [Bandar Lengeh]; Lingah; Bunder Abbass [Bandar Abbas]; Persian-Baloochistan [Baluchistan] Coast; Bassidore [Bāsaʻīdū]; Establishments; Slave-Trade; Appendices (including meteorological tables, notes on the Kara Aghach River by Dr Friedrich Carl Andreas*, the route from Bushire to Lar and Shiraz, and the route from Lar to Shiraz, the Persian Post Office and Foreign Postage, and tables of Persian money and measurements).

Part II: Report on trade of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. for the year 1877, signed by Ross and arranged under subheadings, as follows: Effects of late war on the trade; Steam communication; Grain harvest; Scarcity of coin; Opium; Pearl fisheries; Impediments to development of trade in Persia; and appendices (including notes on the pearling industry by Captain Edward Law Durand, notes on date palm cultivation by James Charles Edwards, and 31 tables of trade statistics covering imports/exports from/to the various ports and settlements of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , and between the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and India).

Part III: Administration report of the Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , Muscat, for the year 1877-78, prepared by Miles and arranged under the following subheadings: Political; Official changes; Slave Traffic.

Part IV: Trade statistics for Muscat, prepared by Miles, and comprising of six tables covering imports, exports, and number and tonnage of vessels entering and leaving the port.

* Folio 246 - a map has been temporarily removed and replaced with a green sheet of paper noting its removal.

Extent and format
1 volume (81 folios)
Arrangement

The report is arranged into four parts (I-IV).

Physical characteristics

Pagination: The report has a pagination system which uses numbers printed in the top-left corner of versos and top-right corner of rectos.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Report on the Administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muscat Political Agency for the year 1877-78.' [‎245r] (35/165), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/32, No 152, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026446897.0x000024> [accessed 12 April 2024]

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