Skip to item: of 55
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

‘Administration report of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muscat Political Agency for 1891-92’ [‎156r] (17/55)

The record is made up of 1 volume (27 folios). It was created in 1892. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

Transcription

This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

Part II.—ADMINISTRATION REPORT OE THE MUSCAT POLITICAL
AGENCY An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. AND CONSULATE POR THE YEAR 1891-92.
The general political condition of ’Oman during the year now under report,
Pol5tical which was one of continuous tranquillity, marred
only occasionally by inter-tribal quarrels and blood
feuds of a more or less important nature, contrasts strongly with the almost
constant acts of rebellion and disquieting rumours of risings on the part of the
Sharkiyyeh tribes against the ruling power, which used to occur in former
years. The withdrawal of Sayyid Abdul Aziz in the beginning of the previous
official year from the sphere of ’Oman politics, and the loyal adherence of
Shaikh Saleh-bin-Ali to the cause of the present Sultan, have no doubt con
tributed principally towards this peaceful state of affairs, almost unknown for
many years in the annals of ’Oman. It is doubtful, however, if with this
continued tranquillity of the province, the Sultan has improved or strength
ened his position, for while the tribes of the Sharkiyyeh have all along held
aloof from the central power at Muscat in the management of their own
affairs, there are others which, though not actively opposed to it, have already
shown indications of asserting their independence.
The official year 1891-92 opened with rather a gloomy prospect for the
trade of Muscat, on account of the caravan roads leading from the Sharkiyyeh
having been closed by the coalition of the Ghafri tribes of the Semail Valley,
and the diversion of trade from that part of the province to Soor. As men
tioned in the last Administration Report, a large kafileh from the Sharkiyyeh
had been attacked and plundered by the Ghafri tribes of the Semail Valley,
principally the Beni Jahir, and as the offenders refused to surrender the plun
dered property, both the parties assumed and maintained a hostile attitude
towards each other for a long time, but the Sultan, who at first showed a cer
tain amount of indifference as to the result of the quarrel, having been even
tually prevailed upon to intervene by Shaikh Saleh of Al-Harth, who were the
principal sufferers by the raid, sent Shaikh Rashid-bin-Aziz and Sayyid
Muhammad-bin-Masowd as his representatives to negotiate an amicable settle
ment between the several tribes concerned in the dispute. This intervention
and negociation on the Sultan’s part resulted in an arrangement being made
by which the Ghafri tribes were to pay the Harth $1,800 for all their losses,
and had the desired effect of re-storing peace and reopening the roads from
the Sharkiyyeh to Muscat for traffic.
In connection with the fire at Khaboorah referred to in last year’s report
which resulted in the loss of property belonging to several British subjects
residing there, the Government of India having expressed an opinion that it
was deliberately caused and held the Sultan primarily responsible for the pro
tection of the property and persons of British subjects in His Highness s terri
tory, and a committee having been appointed to enquire into the losses, it was
decided that the sum of $12,739 was a fair estimate of compensation pay
able to the sufferers. This amount the Sultan has agreed to pay m monthly
instalments of $1,000 each, and the Government of India expressed their
satisfaction at the readiness with which His Highness accepted the award of
the Punchayet. In order, however, to recover this indemnity from the Howa-
sinah, the most influential tribe at Khaboorah, His Highness imprisoned four
of their Shaikhs, two belonging to the Sawalim section, and two to the Hawa.
mid. An arrangement was eventually effected with the piisoneis, ) v ue

About this item

Content

Administration Report of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Muscat Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1891-92, published by the Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, India (Calcutta), forming part of Selections from the Records of the Government of India, Foreign Department, and based on reports sent to Government by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat.

The report is divided up into a number of sections and subsections, as follows:

Part 1 , is a General Summary (folios 150-153) written by Adelbert Cecil Talbot, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and divided up as follows:

1. Oman-Muscat Coast, general summary of political, trade and military developments along the coast over the previous year.

2. Oman Pirate Coast, gives summary of relations between the various ruling families on the coast including political, trade and military matters.

3. Bahrain, summary of events in Bahrain during the previous year; records an influenza outbreak and an excellent date crop. Matters related to the pearl trade are also discussed briefly.

4. El Hasa, reports the arrival of the new Ottoman Mutasarif (Governor) Said Pasha An Ottoman title used after the names of certain provincial governors, high-ranking officials and military commanders. and notes that diarrhoea and influenza were rife during the previous year, resulting in many deaths.

5. El Katif [Al Qatif], notes that piracy has been rife and a general feeling of insecurity has prevailed during the previous year. Also notes introduction of new land laws by Turkish [Ottoman] authorities and that small-pox was prevalent at El Katif.

6. Nejd, reports that the Al Saood [Al Saud] family appear to have finally lost control of the Nejd region to the Al Rashid dynasty of Jabal Shammar.

7. El Katr, reports that Jasim bin Thani continues to disobey the Turkish [Ottoman] authorities and gives an account of recent tribal fighting in the area.

8. Persian Arabistan, general summary of political, trade and military developments in the region over the previous year. Notes that Talbot visited Ahwaz accompanied by Captain Kemball in January.

9. Fars and Persian Coast, general summary of political, trade and military developments along the coast over the previous year. Mentions prevalence of influenza and small-pox on the island of Kishm and the appearance of large numbers of locusts in Kirman.

10. Persian Baluchistan, summary of political developments in the region. Also notes destructive presence of locusts around Charbar and Geah in July 1891.

11. Slave Trade, summary of the status of slave traffic in the region.

12. Royal Navy Vessels, records arrival and subsequent departure from the Gulf of H.M.S Redbreast and the replacement of Commander Hart-Dyke of the H.M.S Sphinx as Senior Naval Officer, Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. with Commander Streeton of the H.M.S Brisk .

13. Political Appointments, reports that there were no changes in Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. officials and that in September 1891, Surgeon-Major Ross was succeeded by Surgeon-Captain Duke as Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Surgeon.

14. Observatory, points to Appendix A containing the results of daily weather observations in a tabular statement.

Part 1 also contains the following appendix (folios 154-155): Appendix A, Table showing Force and Prevailing Directions of Winds and recorded Rainfall at Bushire for the year 1891-92.

Part 2, is an Administration Report of the Muscat Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. and Consulate for the year 1891-92 (folio 156) written by Atmarim Sadashiv Jayakar, In Charge Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , Muscat. The report provides a summary of political and military developments in Muscat throughout the past year.

Part 3, is a Report on the Trade of Southern Persia and the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. for the year 1891 (folios 157-158r) written by Adelbert Cecil Talbot, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. . The report contains details regarding the types and quantities of imports and exports in the region. Appendix A to Part 3 (folios 158v-165) contains 25 tabular charts related to all aspects of trade in the region.

Part 4, is a Muscat Trade Report written by Atmarim Sadashiv Jayakar, In Charge Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , Muscat (folios 166-171). The report contains a number of detailed tables related to trade to/from Muscat.

Part 5, is a Report on the Trade of Mohammerah for the Year 1891 (folios 172-174). The report contains a description of the state of trade in Mohammerah and several tabular charts regarding imports and exports to/from Mohammerah and the surrounding region.

Extent and format
1 volume (27 folios)
Arrangement

The report is arranged into a number of sections and subsections, with statistic data in tabular format directly following written sections. There is a contents page at the front of the report (folio 149) which list the report's contents.

Written in
English in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

‘Administration report of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muscat Political Agency for 1891-92’ [‎156r] (17/55), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/61, No 293, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026447392.0x000012> [accessed 24 April 2024]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="https://www.qdl.qa/en/archive/81055/vdc_100026447392.0x000012">‘Administration report of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muscat Political Agency for 1891-92’ [&lrm;156r] (17/55)</a>
<a href="https://www.qdl.qa/en/archive/81055/vdc_100026447392.0x000012">
	<img src="https://iiif.qdl.qa/iiif/images/81055/vdc_100000000358.0x00029e/IOR_V_23_61_ No 293_0017.jp2/full/!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
</a>
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it.https://www.qdl.qa/en/iiif/81055/vdc_100000000358.0x00029e/manifestOpen in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image