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‘Administration report of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muscat Political Agency for 1891-92’ [‎156v] (18/55)

The record is made up of 1 volume (27 folios). It was created in 1892. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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18
ADMINISTRATION REPORT ON THE PERSIAN GULF The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. POLITICAL
the two sections of the tribe were to pay His Highness $ 8,739, and the
Sawalim prisoners having paid their share of it, namely, half that sum, have
been set at liberty, whilst the two Hawamid Shaikhs still continue to be in prison.
Inter-tribal quarrels, resulting in many instances in open hostilities, are of
almost constant occurrence in ’Oman. Several of them took place during the
year. The first, and judging by its result the most serious one, occurred about
the close of the last official year, when the Beni Omar tribe having attacked
the Howasinah near Khaboorah, were repulsed with a loss of 170 killed, and
20 taken as prisoners, the latter losing only 16 killed. This was followed by
hostilities between the two sections of Al-Naerm tribe of Dank and Berevmi,
and subsequently between the Beni Alee, the N’asem, and the Beni Kelban
tribes of the Dahireh, in which several men were reported to have been killed.
The only other quarrel of any importance was between the Beni Shikeil and
and Beni Hina tribes of ’Oman Proper, which, arising from the simple cause of
Shaikh Hilal bin, Zahir of the latter, attempting to erect a fortified building
over a piece of land purchased by him from the Beni Shikeil, threatened at
one time to assume a very serious aspect; but through the friendly mediation
of a Shaikh of the Abrieen, the two tribes have now amicably settled the
difference between them.
In the month of July an affray took place between the Khojas of Matrah,
many of whom are British subjects, and some Arabs at Gala, which place the
Khojas are in the habit of visiting in the hot season. The dispute seems to have
arisen at first over the hire of a donkey, but the general affray which resulted
from it might have ended more seriously had not the Wazir Minister. Sayyid Muham
mad bin Azzan, who happened to be living at Boshar then, intervened in time
and effected a reconciliation between the parties. A threatening letter, however,
w T as sent by some Arabs near Ziki some months afterwards to the principal
Khojas with regard to a claim they had on account of the death of a slave
belonging to them, which they alleged w r as due to injuries received during this
affray, but on a proper representation having been made to the Sultan, His
Highness gave the Khojas every assurance and promised to take steps to pre
vent any further complication.
The Sultan’s younger brother, Sayyid Fahad, proceeded to Zanzibar in the
month of November for the purpose of marrying one of the daughters of the
late Sayyid Bargash bin Saeed, and returned wfith his young wife about the end
of March.
The Besident visited Muscat in the month of February for the purpose of
ratifying and exchanging the new 7 Commercial Treaty with the Sultan. He
arrived here on the 19th in Her Majesty’s I. M. S. Lawrence, and left in her on
the 21st.
Slave Trade.
There were no seizures of slave dhows
during the year.
The number of fugitive slaves that sought protection during the year at
this Consulate was 71. Of these 54 were liberated under the Treaty stipulations
of 1873, and 17 dismissed.
Colonel E. Mockler held charge of the office of Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and Consul
from 1st April to 13th October, when he
proceeded to Bagdad to officiate as "Resi
dent, and was relieved by Surgeon-Lieutenant-Colonel A. S. G. Jayakar, who
held charge from that date to the close of the year under report.
A. S. G. JAYAKAR, Surgn.-Lt.-Col,
In charge Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , Muscat.
Official changes.

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Content

Administration Report of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Muscat Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1891-92, published by the Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, India (Calcutta), forming part of Selections from the Records of the Government of India, Foreign Department, and based on reports sent to Government by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat.

The report is divided up into a number of sections and subsections, as follows:

Part 1 , is a General Summary (folios 150-153) written by Adelbert Cecil Talbot, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and divided up as follows:

1. Oman-Muscat Coast, general summary of political, trade and military developments along the coast over the previous year.

2. Oman Pirate Coast, gives summary of relations between the various ruling families on the coast including political, trade and military matters.

3. Bahrain, summary of events in Bahrain during the previous year; records an influenza outbreak and an excellent date crop. Matters related to the pearl trade are also discussed briefly.

4. El Hasa, reports the arrival of the new Ottoman Mutasarif (Governor) Said Pasha An Ottoman title used after the names of certain provincial governors, high-ranking officials and military commanders. and notes that diarrhoea and influenza were rife during the previous year, resulting in many deaths.

5. El Katif [Al Qatif], notes that piracy has been rife and a general feeling of insecurity has prevailed during the previous year. Also notes introduction of new land laws by Turkish [Ottoman] authorities and that small-pox was prevalent at El Katif.

6. Nejd, reports that the Al Saood [Al Saud] family appear to have finally lost control of the Nejd region to the Al Rashid dynasty of Jabal Shammar.

7. El Katr, reports that Jasim bin Thani continues to disobey the Turkish [Ottoman] authorities and gives an account of recent tribal fighting in the area.

8. Persian Arabistan, general summary of political, trade and military developments in the region over the previous year. Notes that Talbot visited Ahwaz accompanied by Captain Kemball in January.

9. Fars and Persian Coast, general summary of political, trade and military developments along the coast over the previous year. Mentions prevalence of influenza and small-pox on the island of Kishm and the appearance of large numbers of locusts in Kirman.

10. Persian Baluchistan, summary of political developments in the region. Also notes destructive presence of locusts around Charbar and Geah in July 1891.

11. Slave Trade, summary of the status of slave traffic in the region.

12. Royal Navy Vessels, records arrival and subsequent departure from the Gulf of H.M.S Redbreast and the replacement of Commander Hart-Dyke of the H.M.S Sphinx as Senior Naval Officer, Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. with Commander Streeton of the H.M.S Brisk .

13. Political Appointments, reports that there were no changes in Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. officials and that in September 1891, Surgeon-Major Ross was succeeded by Surgeon-Captain Duke as Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Surgeon.

14. Observatory, points to Appendix A containing the results of daily weather observations in a tabular statement.

Part 1 also contains the following appendix (folios 154-155): Appendix A, Table showing Force and Prevailing Directions of Winds and recorded Rainfall at Bushire for the year 1891-92.

Part 2, is an Administration Report of the Muscat Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. and Consulate for the year 1891-92 (folio 156) written by Atmarim Sadashiv Jayakar, In Charge Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , Muscat. The report provides a summary of political and military developments in Muscat throughout the past year.

Part 3, is a Report on the Trade of Southern Persia and the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. for the year 1891 (folios 157-158r) written by Adelbert Cecil Talbot, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. . The report contains details regarding the types and quantities of imports and exports in the region. Appendix A to Part 3 (folios 158v-165) contains 25 tabular charts related to all aspects of trade in the region.

Part 4, is a Muscat Trade Report written by Atmarim Sadashiv Jayakar, In Charge Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , Muscat (folios 166-171). The report contains a number of detailed tables related to trade to/from Muscat.

Part 5, is a Report on the Trade of Mohammerah for the Year 1891 (folios 172-174). The report contains a description of the state of trade in Mohammerah and several tabular charts regarding imports and exports to/from Mohammerah and the surrounding region.

Extent and format
1 volume (27 folios)
Arrangement

The report is arranged into a number of sections and subsections, with statistic data in tabular format directly following written sections. There is a contents page at the front of the report (folio 149) which list the report's contents.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘Administration report of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muscat Political Agency for 1891-92’ [‎156v] (18/55), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/61, No 293, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026447392.0x000013> [accessed 24 April 2024]

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