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‘File 29/25 DATES QUOTA – 1944-’45 FOR BAHRAIN AND TRUCIAL COAST’ [‎16r] (31/188)

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The record is made up of 1 file (92 folios). It was created in 10 May 1944-24 Jan 1950. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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IRAQ DATES - COORDINATED DISTRIBUTION .
1. Purpose of the Schem e.
The short crop in 1942 enphasised the supply uncertain
ties resulting from the uncontrolled marketing of Iraq dqtes.
This among other consequences resulted in the U.K. only receiving f
10,000 tons of cased dates against a contract for that season
of 45,000 tons. It was felt, therefore, to be desirable to
attempt to bring dates under allocation in a similar manner to
the procedure adopted for all other important crops under
Combined Food Board machinery. This involved not only the
control of cased dated, but also basket dates which are imported
solely by India and Kiddle East countries.
2. Outline of the worklnx;the .schen e.
It was the original purpose of the Cche-.e to purchase on
GovernmentjfGovernment terms the entire production of Ir a q dates,
and after making provision for local consumption to bring all
exports under complete control. It soon became apparent that
this design could not be realised and progressively the con
ception of a direct contract between the Ministry of Food ( for
H.M.G.) and the Iraq Government emoracing all Iraq dates had
to be abandoned. By an endorsement of the original Concession
agreement the purchase v/as effected between Andrew Wei?, & Co,
acting as principals, and the Basra Date Association. The
Concessionnaires thereafter sold to the Ministry and acted as
their Agents in the control of distribution. Euphrates growers
held out for higher prices than it was agreed to nay 1n Basra
and remained outside the scheme in its original form.
Quotas were fixed for importing areas by M.E.S.C. in con
sultation with the territories concerned, and deliveries were
made by Andrew Weir & Co under the instructions of the Ministry
of Food in accordaxice with these allocations. Normal trading
channels ?/ere used as far as possible, although in the case of
Palestine and Baud! Arabia purchases have been centrally
arranged.
All sales were made to the recipient countries F.O.B.
against 100/2 payment with no subsequent claims for quality.
The prices originally fixed were calculated upon estimates of
the costs intervening between the naked price and F.O.B. which
were furnished by Andrew Weir <?: Co. To these costs were added
Weir * s agreed commission of 2/2 d.. and Ministry contingency
reserve of l/lC d. The analysis oi the F.O.B. price of 25/-
per cwt. was thQss-
Ex garden cost 14/6d.
Packing and other
costs. 6/6d.
A.W. commission 2/2d.
Ministry reserve l/10d.
25/- —
Experience gained in the working of the scheme disclosed a con
siderable over-estimate of the packing and other incurred costs
and by virtually eliminating its allowance for contingencies
the Ministry was able to reduce the F.O.B. price for basket
dates at the beginning of February to 21/- F.O.B. By this time
however, substantial smuggling had undoubtedly taken place owing
to the excessive margin between the ex garden and F.O.B. prices.
Although the Euphrates growers had refused to accept the terms
offered to them it was hoped to prevent their defection from dis
turbing date markets in the Middle East by aaing military con
trol of the Ir a q railways to deny transport facilities to
Euphrates dates. It was anticipated that this might hav§ the
further result of diverting some tonnage of Euphrates dates
southward to be offered in the Basra Liwa. The ban on trans
port proved effective and in February Andrew Weir & Co were
approached by the Iraq Authorities to purchase all Euphrates/
datedk

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Content

The file contains correspondence about a British Ministry of Food scheme in 1944 for ensuring a controlled supply of Iraqi dates at reasonable prices to the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. shaikhdoms during the Second World War (1939-1945), because local date crops were insufficient and imported dates were subject to wartime quota arrangements. Included in the file is a comprehensive memorandum written by the British Ministry of Food Dried Fruits Division in Wales in 1944, describing in detail the Ministry’s wartime scheme for the central purchase and coordinated distribution of Iraqi dates throughout the Middle East, India and Africa, following the short Iraqi date crop of 1942. There is also correspondence between the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Bushire and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. in London in 1944, about the merits of the British governmental central purchasing scheme for Iraqi dates, for keeping prices down, preventing wartime profiteering, ensuring fair distribution and discouraging the sale of smuggled Iraqi (and Persian) dates in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ports. These concerns are discussed repeatedly in correspondence throughout the file.

In 1944, the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain discusses in detail with the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and other British officials in Sharjah, as well as the Adviser to the Government of Bahrain, why the Sheikhs of Bahrain, Qatar and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. shaikhdoms of Dubai and Sharjah prefer to use their own commercial agents and local merchants for the procurement of their respective allocations of quota imports of Iraqi dates, rather than as hitherto, the British company Andrew Weir of Basra (appointed Crown purchasing agents in the Middle East). From May 1945 onwards, their official discussions focus on gathering information about the annual requirements for dates in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. shaikhdoms in the current year, as well as the total number and quantity of their current date exports and imports, in preparation for the gradual relaxation of Government of India wartime trade restrictions on the export and import of dates by Bahrain and the other Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. shaikhdoms under British protection, with Iraq, Saudi Arabia and India.

Extent and format
1 file (92 folios)
Arrangement

Files papers are arranged more or less chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 94; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 2-93; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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‘File 29/25 DATES QUOTA – 1944-’45 FOR BAHRAIN AND TRUCIAL COAST’ [‎16r] (31/188), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/785, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026481800.0x000020> [accessed 21 August 2019]

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