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'File 1/A/5 III ADMINISTRATION. QATAR AFFAIRS.' [‎23r] (50/440)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (216 folios). It was created in 10 Jun 1944-6 Jan 1946. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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- 3 -
T^is is only a recent case of slave traffic perpetrated by
Shaikh Haraad, There were many cases of this sort in the past,
Husain Nimah himself has in his house 7 manumitted slaves.
When Shaikh Hamad came to know that Husain had an intention
of moving his family to Bahrain, he asked him to transfer the
slaves to him. Husain said that they were free, bearing
documents to that effect issued by him, and that it was quite
unfair that he should enslave them but Hamad is still insisting,
to take them over(and eventually dispose of them).
When Shaikh Hamad left Bahrain for Qatar in August,
Abdullah Darwish smuggled by his launch 200 dozen ghutras and
30 boxes of cigarettes, each containing 1000 (The number of
ghutras and cigarettes were veiled by Ahmad, Husain’s son who
travelled with them on the same launch). Abdullah bin Darwsih
purchased the ghutras from Bahrain at Bs.8/8 each. On arrival
at Qatar, he took the cigarettes to his house but sent the
ghutras to Riyadh with one Saad al Kharji who sold them there
at Reyals 20 each.
The state of 'affairs in Qatar in every respect is
very bad and there is widespread indignation amongst the
people . Shaikh Abdullah, getting old and feeble, is merely
a statue and his son Hamad is in actual control of the
administration of the country. He has a free hand to do every
thing in the manner he likes. On one occasion, Shaikh Abdullah
came to apologise from his son for something which displeased
Salih al tfani 1 .
Salih al Mani’ is gradually losing his prestige with
Shaikh Hamad and his influence as an important figure in
Qatar is diminishing. An incident occurred recently when one
of Hamad’s servants obstructed Salih and when Salih went and
complained to Hamad, the latter took no action against his
servant but merely sent off Salih with an unsatisfactory

About this item


The volume contains correspondence concerning Qatar affairs, particularly the issues of smuggling, and rationing.

The principal correspondents are the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain (Tom Hickinbotham); the Head Munshi A secretary or political assistant working in the British administration in the Gulf, often also providing linguistic interpretation. of the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. , Bahrain (Jassim bin Mohamed [Jasim ibn Muhammad Kadmari]); the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent, Sharjah (Abdur Razzaq [Khan Sahib Saiyid ‘Abd al-Razzaq]); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; and Shaikh Abdullah bin Qasim al Thani, the Ruler of Qatar [‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī].

The papers cover: correspondence and reports by British officials concerning the issues of slave trading, arms traffic, and the smuggling of goods at Qatar; the involvement of individual Qataris; the British decision to impose rationing on quota goods (including a discussion paper entitled 'Rationing in Qatar', folio 56); the question of the appointment of a food controller; correspondence on these subjects from Shaikh Abdullah; information on members of the Ruling family (e.g. descriptive chart entitled 'Qatar Ruling Family' on folios 130-131); and some information on general conditions in Qatar.

The Arabic language content of the papers consists of approximately thirty folios of correspondence, mainly between British officials and the Ruler of Qatar.

Extent and format
1 volume (216 folios)

The papers are filed in chronological order from the front to the back of the file, except where enclosures of an earlier date are filed after their relevant covering letter, and terminate in a set of notes (folios 209-215). Circled serial numbers in crayon and ink (red for incoming, blue/black for outgoing correspondence), which occur occasionally in the correspondence, refer to entries in the notes.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 218; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 4-208; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in same position as the main sequence. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 1/A/5 III ADMINISTRATION. QATAR AFFAIRS.' [‎23r] (50/440), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/143, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 15 October 2019]

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