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'File 1/A/5 III ADMINISTRATION. QATAR AFFAIRS.' [‎35r] (74/440)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (216 folios). It was created in 10 Jun 1944-6 Jan 1946. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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THUci COPY*
No* C/1646* Dated the 15th November 1944*
t
To
His Excellency Shaikh Abdullah bin Qasim al Than!, C.I.E.,
Ruler of Qatar*
After compliments:
On the visits to Qatar which I have made during the
past thirteen months I have frequently drawn Your Excellency^
attention to reports which have been received that quota goods
were being re-exported from your country both to the Persian
and Arab side of the/Gulf* I have desired Your Excellency on
many occasions to take immediate steps to prevent a position
v/hich was quite illegal and contrary to the interests of the
people of your country*
It has now become clear from further reports received
from all parts of the Gulf and from other investigations that
far from co-operating in the prevention of smuggling Your
Excellency has condoned the practice and that your son Shaikh
Hamad bin Abdullah has both directly and indirectly encouraged
persons engaged in this nefarious trade with the result that
much suffering and hardship has been caused to the people of
your country, who in consequence have been forced to leave it.
2* I have felt it my duty to inform the Honourable the
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. of these facts*
The Honourable the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian
Gulf has decided that in order to ensure a fair distribution
of grain, sugar, tea, piecegoods, -and in fact all quota goods,
to the population it will be necessary to introduce a system
of rationing under the direct control of this Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. * It is
intended that a representative of this Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. shall take up
his residence at Doha and will supervise the distribution of
all goods through a reliable merchant ?/ho will be a ^pointed
by me from Bahrain* This system will be introduced as soon
as the arrangements can be completed and I anticipate will be
functioning from the 15th of December if not before.
3* As it is clear from the actions of Your Excellency and
in particular of your son Shaikh Hamad that you and your
immediate relatives and their families are amply sup lied with
food-stuffs and commodities of all kinds it is not proposed to
make any allotment to you or to them. This prohibition will
not of course apply to the members of Your Excellency*s tribe
who have taken no part in the re-export of quota goods.
Usual ending.
(tf.) r. kickinbotemm
H*B.i4»s Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain.

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Content

The volume contains correspondence concerning Qatar affairs, particularly the issues of smuggling, and rationing.

The principal correspondents are the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain (Tom Hickinbotham); the Head Munshi A secretary or political assistant working in the British administration in the Gulf, often also providing linguistic interpretation. of the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. , Bahrain (Jassim bin Mohamed [Jasim ibn Muhammad Kadmari]); the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent, Sharjah (Abdur Razzaq [Khan Sahib Saiyid ‘Abd al-Razzaq]); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; and Shaikh Abdullah bin Qasim al Thani, the Ruler of Qatar [‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī].

The papers cover: correspondence and reports by British officials concerning the issues of slave trading, arms traffic, and the smuggling of goods at Qatar; the involvement of individual Qataris; the British decision to impose rationing on quota goods (including a discussion paper entitled 'Rationing in Qatar', folio 56); the question of the appointment of a food controller; correspondence on these subjects from Shaikh Abdullah; information on members of the Ruling family (e.g. descriptive chart entitled 'Qatar Ruling Family' on folios 130-131); and some information on general conditions in Qatar.

The Arabic language content of the papers consists of approximately thirty folios of correspondence, mainly between British officials and the Ruler of Qatar.

Extent and format
1 volume (216 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are filed in chronological order from the front to the back of the file, except where enclosures of an earlier date are filed after their relevant covering letter, and terminate in a set of notes (folios 209-215). Circled serial numbers in crayon and ink (red for incoming, blue/black for outgoing correspondence), which occur occasionally in the correspondence, refer to entries in the notes.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 218; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 4-208; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in same position as the main sequence. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 1/A/5 III ADMINISTRATION. QATAR AFFAIRS.' [‎35r] (74/440), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/143, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026539728.0x00004b> [accessed 15 October 2019]

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