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'File 1/A/5 III ADMINISTRATION. QATAR AFFAIRS.' [‎45r] (94/440)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (216 folios). It was created in 10 Jun 1944-6 Jan 1946. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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CONFIDENTIAL
No.C/1678.
From
al s'
0
V
Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. ,
Bahrain, 22nd November 1944.
To

Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. ,
Bahrain.
The Hon^le the political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency.
in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
Camp Bahrain.
Sir, ^
I have the honour to refer to my Printed Letter No.
C/1667 dated the 20th November 1944 enclosing reports from
various sources on the smuggling activities of the ruling
family in Qatar.
2. The principal assistants and confidants of Shaikh Hamad
bin Abdullah bin Thani in his smuggling and arms dealing
operations are the three Darwish brothers, sons of Persian
parents who emigrated to Qatar some years ago. The eldest,
Jassim, is by way of posing as a ^ mutawwah ,, and pretends to
some knowledge of theological matters. He is a "tawwash” by
profession and acts principally as Shaikh Hamad*s pearl buying
agent though he is alleged to have had a hand in some very
uns&intly transactions. The youngest brother is Abdur Rahman,
a well set up young man of about twentyfive years of age who
acts as understudy and assistant to his brother Abdullah of
whom a full account will be given in the succeeding paragraph
of this letter. It is possible that if this young man were
severely warned he might make an endeavour to mend his ways.
3. The most important and notorious member of this family W
is Abdullah the thii^^rotheij a bearded, one eyed man
of between thirty and forty, clever, and with a really remarkablt
capacity for smooth lying. He is Shaikh Hamad's man of affairs i
and carries through practically all his smuggling ventures with
no little profit tp himself for he is as willing to deceive
his master as he is anyone else. He follows the legitimate
profession of a wholesale trader and holds no official position
/with

About this item

Content

The volume contains correspondence concerning Qatar affairs, particularly the issues of smuggling, and rationing.

The principal correspondents are the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain (Tom Hickinbotham); the Head Munshi A secretary or political assistant working in the British administration in the Gulf, often also providing linguistic interpretation. of the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. , Bahrain (Jassim bin Mohamed [Jasim ibn Muhammad Kadmari]); the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent, Sharjah (Abdur Razzaq [Khan Sahib Saiyid ‘Abd al-Razzaq]); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; and Shaikh Abdullah bin Qasim al Thani, the Ruler of Qatar [‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī].

The papers cover: correspondence and reports by British officials concerning the issues of slave trading, arms traffic, and the smuggling of goods at Qatar; the involvement of individual Qataris; the British decision to impose rationing on quota goods (including a discussion paper entitled 'Rationing in Qatar', folio 56); the question of the appointment of a food controller; correspondence on these subjects from Shaikh Abdullah; information on members of the Ruling family (e.g. descriptive chart entitled 'Qatar Ruling Family' on folios 130-131); and some information on general conditions in Qatar.

The Arabic language content of the papers consists of approximately thirty folios of correspondence, mainly between British officials and the Ruler of Qatar.

Extent and format
1 volume (216 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are filed in chronological order from the front to the back of the file, except where enclosures of an earlier date are filed after their relevant covering letter, and terminate in a set of notes (folios 209-215). Circled serial numbers in crayon and ink (red for incoming, blue/black for outgoing correspondence), which occur occasionally in the correspondence, refer to entries in the notes.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 218; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 4-208; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in same position as the main sequence. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 1/A/5 III ADMINISTRATION. QATAR AFFAIRS.' [‎45r] (94/440), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/143, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026539728.0x00005f> [accessed 24 May 2019]

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