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Persia Telegrams (Foreign Office) [‎203r] (33/36)

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The record is made up of 1 file (18 folios). It was created in 9 Apr 1919-27 Jul 1919. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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5
No. 9.
Sir P. Cox to Earl Curzon.—(Received July 26.)
Tehran, July 25, 1919.
(No. 50J.)
(Telegraphic.)
YOUR telegram No. 400 of 25th July.
I ollowiiig is repetition of telegram asked for in your telegram :—
“ Your telegram No. 396 of 21st July
to Switherlan^ 6 ^^ ^ ^ ^ ra ^ n fi'om Constantinople or Constanzia onward*
2. Georgian Government might intrigue with him against Russian'interests.”
No. 10.
P- Cox to Earl Curzon .— (Received July 27.)
(No. 502.) ^ '
(Telegraphic.) , Tehran, July 27, 1919.
bilOULi) His Majesty s Government accept modifications asked for in mv
telegram No. 482, following will be final text of principal agreement. Shah considers
article 7 regarding support to Persia’s membership to League of Nations is now
unnecessary and may be omitted :—
(R.) “ Heading : Convention between Governments of Great Britain and Persia.
“ Preamble : In virtue of close ties of friendship which have existed between two
Governments in the past, and in conviction that it is in essential and mutual interests
oi both in future that these ties should be cemented, and that progress and prosperity
of Persia should be promoted to utmost, it is hereby agreed between Persian
Government on one hand, and His Britannic Majesty’s Minister, acting on behalf of
his Government, on the other, as follovrs:—
“ !• dhe British Government reiterate in most categorical manner the under
takings which they have repeatedly given in the past to respect absolutely the
independence and integrity of Persia.
“ 2. British Government will supply at cost of Persian Government the services of
whatever expert advisers may be considered necessary for the several departments of
Persian administration. These advisers shall be engaged on contracts and endowed
with adequate powers, nature of which shall be the matter of agreement between
Persian Government and advisers.
“ 3. British Government will supply at cost of Persian Government such officers
and [? such] munitions and equipment of modern type as may be adjudged necessary
by a joint commission of military experts, British and Persian, which shall assemble
forthwith for the purpose of estimating needs of Persia in respect of formation of
uniform force which Persian Government proposes to create for establishment and
preservation of order in the country and on its frontiers.
“ 4. For the purpose of financing reforms indicated in clauses 2 and 3 of this
agreement, British Government offer to provide or arrange a substantial loan for
Persian Government, for which adequate security shall be sought by the two
Governments in consultation in revenues of customs or other sources of income at
disposal of Persian Government. Pending completion of negotiations for such a
loan, British Government will advance on account of it such funds as may be necessary
for initiating said reforms.
“ 5. British Government fully recognising urgent need which exists for
improvement of communications in Persia, with a view both to extension of trade and
prevention of famine, are prepared to co-operate with Persian Government for
encouragement of Anglo-Persian enterprise in this direction, both by means of railway
construction and other forms of transport; subject always to examination of problems
by experts and to agreement between the two Governments as to particular projects
which may be most necessary, practicable, and profitable.
“ 6. The two Governments agree to appointment forthwith of a joint Committee
of experts for examination and revision of existing customs tariff with a view to its
reconstruction on a basis calculated to accord wdth legitimate interests of the country
and to promote its prosperity.”
(Sent to India.)
[437]
c

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Content

This file consists of a series of telegrams regarding Britain's relations with Persia in the aftermath of the First World War. Almost all of the correspondence is conducted between Sir Percy Zachariah Cox [Acting British Minister to Persia] and Earl Curzon [George Nathaniel Curzon, Acting Foreign Secretary in the absence of Arthur James Balfour, who was attending the Paris Peace Conference]. Other correspondents include the Viceroy of India [Frederic John Napier Thesiger], the Foreign Secretary [Balfour], the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , and the Secretary of State for India [Edwin Samuel Montagu].

The telegrams document negotiations – running concurrently with the Paris Peace Conference – between Cox and the Persian Government for an Anglo-Persian Treaty. Cox's telegrams notify Curzon of the details of a draft agreement; Curzon's telegrams to Cox make requests for revisions to the wording and, in certain cases, to the essence of the draft.

Topics of discussion include: the Persian Government's desire for the frontiers of Persia to be rectified in certain localities and Britain's policy on this issue; Persian claims to compensation for damage suffered during the war at the hands of the other belligerents; the likelihood of the Persian case being heard at the Paris Conference; details of a proposed new loan to the Persian Government from the British Government, and the Secretary of State for India's concerns about the implications of this loan for the division of expenditure on Persia between Imperial and Indian revenues.

Extent and format
1 file (18 folios)
Arrangement

The telegrams are arranged in approximate chronological order.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at f 187, and terminates at f 204, as it is part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

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English in Latin script
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Persia Telegrams (Foreign Office) [‎203r] (33/36), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/C196, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026556860.0x000022> [accessed 26 February 2020]

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