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'File 1/A/38 I Negotiations with Bin Saud re:- Eastern boundary of Saudi Arabia with Qatar & Trucial Oman.' [‎42r] (88/452)

The record is made up of 1 volume (219 folios). It was created in 27 Oct 1934-24 Feb 1935. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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THIS DOCUMENT IS THE PROPERTY OF HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY’S GOVERNMENT
EASTEEN (Arabia).
August 3, 1934.
CONFIDENTIAL.
Section 1.
[E 5063/2429/25]
No. 1.
Record of Conversations during^ Sir A. Ryan’s Visit to Taif, July 12-14, 1934.—
(Received in Foreign Office, August 3.)
WHEN Sheikh Yussuf Yasin met me outside the town on the 12th July, he
spoke to me briefly about the King’s reasons for wishing to see me. In the first
place, the King had received other foreign representatives in Taif, and he wished
to see also the British representative. Indeed, he hoped for an opportunity of
receiving me at Riadh as well, where he had seen no British representatives for
a long time, although he had met them elsewhere. The King also wished to take
this opportunity of explaining his views on certain matters, notably the position
to the north of his country, with special reference to Iraq, and the question of
his frontiers. I expressed my gratitude to His Majesty for having enabled me
to see him at Taif, and said that I had taken the instructions of my Government
immediately on receiving his invitation, and had been directed to ascertain the
King s views on the matters that interested him, in order to be able to report
on them at home. My Government had drawn my special attention to two
matters, one of which Sheikh Yussuf had mentioned, viz., frontiers, the other
that of Saudi relations with Koweit.
2. My audience with the King in the evening of the 12th July was almost
entirely formal. On my thanking the King for his invitation and all the
kindness I had been shown, he referred very pointedly to his hope of seeing me
in Riadh also, perhaps after next Ramadan, if the rains were good. The only
other matter of interest mentioned was the fact that the return of the heir
apparent was delayed, as Seyfal Islam Ahmed had been prevented from
completing the return of hostages by trouble with rebellious Yemeni tribes. I
gathered from Mr. Philby later in the evening that the news of trouble inland in
the Yemen had created some stir in high Saudi circles. Incidentally, Mr. Philby
spoke as an unrepentant critic of the recent peace settlement and a non-believer
in its permanence. He believed still that the King had got some money payment
and an assurance that the administration of the Yemen Tihama would be left in
the hands of Abdullah-al-Wazir for not less than a year.
3. Sheikh Yussuf Yasin called on me at 8 a.m. on the 13th July, in
accordance with my suggestion that we should have a talk before I discussed
serious affairs with the King. I gave him a general outline of my instructions,
emphasising the readiness of His Majesty’s Government to cement their relations
with Ibn Saud, their belief that a closer relationship could best be attained by
the friendly settlement of outstanding questions, of which the most important
were those mentioned above; their willingness to engage in conversations about
these questions; and their wish to be informed as to the King’s desiderata. I
tried to sound Sheikh Yussuf as to whether Fuad Bey could be empowered to
hold conversations in London, saying that, if so, His Majesty’s Government had
expressed readiness to hear him, or whether the Saudi Government would prefer
that the questions should be discussed on my return, after preparation in the
interval. Sheikh Yussuf thanked me for my statement and mv assurances of
the friendly dispositions of His Majesty’s Government, but said that, as the
King wished to see me early and could not keep me after 10 a.m., he preferred
not to comment on what I had said. He delivered a message from the King,
asking me to convey to His Majesty’s Government and the naval authorities an
expression of his appreciation of the helpful attitude of the commanders of the
Red Sea sloops during the occupation of Hodeida. I responded suitably, saying
that the reports of the officers in question had contained constant references to
the gracious kindness of the Amir Feisal and the excellence of their relations
with Sheikh Abdullah Suleiman, &c.
[181 c 1]
B

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Content

The volume concerns the Eastern boundary of Saudi Arabia with Qatar and Trucial Oman (also referred to as the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. ), and negotiations over the boundary between British officials and Ibn Saud (referred to also as Bin Saud) [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd, King of Saudi Arabia].

The volume contains reports and correspondence, principally from the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; HM Minister, Jedda [Jeddah] (Sir Andrew Ryan); other Foreign Office officials; the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain; Bertram Sydney Thomas; and officials of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .

The papers include: extracts prepared by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , for the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , from a report by Bertram Thomas on the Trans-Oman air route reconnaissance of May-June 1927 (folios 8-21); papers on Anglo-Saudi relations and records of negotiations between HM Minister, Jeddah and the Deputy Saudi Arabian Minister for Foreign Affairs (Fuad Bey Hamza [Fu’ād Ḥamzah]), July-October 1934 (folios 37-60); further papers concerning Anglo-Saudi negotiations; papers prepared by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard Craven William Fowle) concerning Ibn Saud and the Yemen campaign, November 1934 (folios 74-77); a letter from the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Muscat (Major Claude Edward Urquhart Bremner), dated 23 October 1934, concerning the boundaries of Muscat Sultanate (folios 78-80); a Foreign Office note dated 19 December 1934 entitled 'South-Eastern Arabian frontier and United States Oil Concessions' (folios 122-124); papers relating to the Blue Line [a line drawn by British and Turkish officials in 1913 from the Gulf of Uqair to parallel 20 degrees North, in the Rub al-Khali]; and papers concerning tribal affairs (e.g. report by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain (Lieutenant-Colonel Percy Gordon Loch) entitled 'Tribal situation in the Hinterland of the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. ', folios 140-146).

The date range gives the covering dates of the correspondence; the earliest document is an enclosure on folios 8-21 containing extracts from Bertram Thomas's report on the Trans-Oman air route reconnaissance of May-June 1927, and the last dated addition to the file is an entry in the notes dated 25 February 1935.

Extent and format
1 volume (219 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are filed in chronological order from the front to the back of the file, except where enclosures of an earlier date are filed after their relevant covering letter, and terminate in a set of notes (folios 211-216).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 221; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 6-216; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in same position as the main sequence.

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English in Latin script
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'File 1/A/38 I Negotiations with Bin Saud re:- Eastern boundary of Saudi Arabia with Qatar & Trucial Oman.' [‎42r] (88/452), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/157, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026566622.0x000059> [accessed 15 November 2019]

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