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File 1508/1905 Pt 1 'Bahrain: situation; disurbances (1904-1905); Sheikh Ali's surrender; Question of Administration Reforms (Customs etc)' [‎38r] (80/531)

The record is made up of 1 volume (260 folios). It was created in Nov 1904-Aug 1914. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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HSre
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H c ft V
N<> 7 Fwm^M Pebl,,lary (reeeiVed 1Sth Marcb) 1906 Confidentia!).
From-JW P. Z. Cox, C.I.E., Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf.
I JvTtt Z V °T I”"* ° £ ^ ^ Department.
Esa’s memorial ending° with**Fo^m 00 !) 681 ' 0 ! 1 ^ 11 f 6 on the object of Sheikh
dated 22nd February 1906. ° • De P artment telegram No. 839-E.B,
many 1906“ TuM^ofTharpasstd th j S . office . No - 74 o f 25th Feb-
and the Sheikh, and would ask^W G * “u 01 mte " lew between myself
fuller report conte m pl a rd in pa~h 4 oT 7 ^ re S arded tbe
1906; but would add here a few words of ft “7 letter No ' 27 of 21st Jan ““y
question. Iew words of flna l comment on the memorial in
sented in the document°— com P Ialllt r '-'presented, or in some cases misrepre-
j sms '»
Ifm (8) nT“i r"" 1 WM ° h 1 W ' ,ljld '.fmE
Msasaws’ -»»
repeatedly explained to hi™ , ,, * hc .® ]l 1 ell£h a “ d has been
to the concurrence of Government”and hi! amenability 4 ’ l”},'' 604
i te ». ® 7rf r “ ,i “ ““
and seem to call for no comment from me or reply to s“ eikh f J
As regards item (9), the non-receipt of replies to hit renr ■
Sheikh Esa’s letter of 30th MayVooS to the PoS A^nt’
Bahrein, and now referred to in the latter’s letter No 24 of^ 13th
January last, was fully replied to, as far as I was in a position !o
do so, in my long letter addressed to the Sheikh in Memorandn™
srwa? is. ■2“ ~ "t#
purpose. 1 Ag * 4 personal “terview arranged for the
In this 'O^ion it would seem that the only form of communication
wnicn in bheikn Esa s view would constitute that suitnhlp
adequate response to his requests which has hitherto been denied
him, would be one in which the Government of India intimated
to him that they were sorry for the action which they had taken
at Bahrem last year; that they saw that the presence of a British
fficer was not necessary and would remove him; and that in
future as long as the Sheikhs of Bahrein did not actively oppress
British subjects they would be left to carry on the administra!
Tf°G •° r ™ ! * 1 1 '. ad ™ nlstratl0n of Manama as best pleased them.
the'Vheikh wants! IS ” 04 6aSy t0 866 w ^ at s P e °i a f re ply it is that
4. I may remark in conclusion that Sheikh Esa’s reference to the Cnste™.
question in his letter of 30th May above referred to, could hardly have be”
e n , or properly be taken, as serious. It was simply a suggestion that
Government should, without any quid pro quo or compensating advantage
whatever, pay off all his debts to the banians and let him conduct the Customs
through the medium of Bahrein Arab and Seedi retainers selected by himself
I d!d not describe the proposal so baldly, in replying to Sheikh Esa, as I was
glad even of this opening, as emanating from Sheikh Esa himself for the
discussion of the Customs question. ’ Ior tJle
IGIwLg'V^^T’ £ oweve . r ’ fr01 ? tlle re P° rt of my interview with him on the
reasonabl^wa^whatever” 0 lc ^ en ^ 1011 ^opfi 11 ? our advice in any serious or
Q. I. C. P. O.—No. 5358 V. D.— 21 . 3 . 1905 — 67 —E. S. W.

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Content

The volume contains correspondence relating to disturbances in Bahrain and the consequent discussion over administrative changes. The correspondence is mostly between the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, and the Government of India. Further correspondence, included as enclosures, is from the following:

The disturbances centred around attacks on a German man and several Persians by Shaikh Isa's nephew, Ali bin Ahmed, and his followers in late 1904. The papers within the volume cover several matters related to these attacks:

  • the investigation into the details of the attacks;
  • the discussion over what to do about Ali bin Ahmed and his eventual exile;
  • British naval operations to enforce order;
  • Turkish claims that Shaikh Isa believes himself to be a Turkish subject;
  • the discussion over increased administrative intervention in Bahrain, specifically control of customs.
Extent and format
1 volume (260 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 1508 (Bahrain) consists of three volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/81-83. The volumes are divided into five parts, with parts 1 and 2 comprising one volume each, and parts 3, 4, and 5 comprising the third volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 262; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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File 1508/1905 Pt 1 'Bahrain: situation; disurbances (1904-1905); Sheikh Ali's surrender; Question of Administration Reforms (Customs etc)' [‎38r] (80/531), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/81, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100027013012.0x000051> [accessed 15 October 2019]

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