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File 1377/1905 Pt 1 'Perso-Baluch Frontier: Frontier Demarcation' [‎190r] (151/188)

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The record is made up of 1 item (93 folios). It was created in Nov 1904-Oct 1921. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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our objection to the removal of the Hashmat-ul-Mulk on condition that he
was suitably provided for elsewhere ; that Persian Government give a promise
in writing that they will recall the Yamin-i-Nizam on the withdrawal of the
Mission; and that they will appoint and keep there a strong Governor to be
approved by us. I should also like to include in proposed arrangement a
satisfactory settlement at Tehran of the Mirjawa question {vide McMahon’s
secret memorandum of 5th November 1904—enclosure of Secretary’s weekly
letter No. 48 M., dated 1st December. If all these objects could be attained
at once, we should be able definitely to promise a very early withdrawal of
Colonel McMahon’s Mission, while Persian Government would have an oppor
tunity of acting in accordance with the assurance contained in penultimate
paragraph of Grant Duff’s letter of 26th October last. Addressed to His
Majesty’s Secretary of State for India, and repeated to His Britannic Majesty’s
Minister, Tehran.
Copy of a telegram, No. 39 F., dated the 3rd January 1905.
From—The Foreign Secretary, Calcutta,
To— Colonel A. H. McMahon, C.S.I., C.I.E., British Commissioner, Seistan
Arbitration Comission, Seistan.
Following sent to Secretary of State:— Begins. Question regarding
Hashmat • * * * to Sir A. Hardinge. Ends.
Extract from the diary of Colonel A. H. McMahon, C.S.I., C.I.E , British Commissioner,
Seistan Arbitration Commission, for the week ending the 30th November 1904.
28th November 1904, Comp Reg-i-Mori.—I received a telegram yesterday
from the Political Assistant, Chagai, reporting that theThanadar at Padaha had
telegraphed, saying that the Governor of Khwash had gone to Saindak to
despatch a telegram to Bam. The Thanadar of Saindak had apparently
threatened to arrest him, whereupon he had returned to Mirjawa in great wrath,
burnt nearly all the bhoosa which I had bought and collected there, and ordered
that our Padaha post should no longer be allowed to take their drinking water
from Mirjawa, and all trespassers into Mirjawa should be arrested. Hie Political
Assistant, Chagai, requests me to settle this matter with the Persian authorities,
as the only water available for our Padaha post lies a mile within what the
Persians claim as their territory. A subsequent report to me direct from the
Thanadar, Padaha, shows that he sent two sowars as escort with the Governor
of Khwash to Saindak; but notwithstanding this, the Thanadar there threatened
to arrest that officer. I sent Captain Ramsay to interview the Yamin, and tell
him that I reserved action as regards the matter of bhoosa until I received fuller
information; but, as regards water, &c., he should order the Governor of
Khwash to do nothing to interfere with the present status quo, pending our
arrival in Mirjawa and the settlement of that frontier. The Yamin promptly
wrote the necessary orders, and asked Captain Ramsay to have the letter sent
by our post and delivered to the Governor of Khwash through our Thanadar at
Extract from the diary of T. O. Hughes, Esq., Officiating Bolitical A.ssistant 9
Chagai, No. 43, for the week ending the 30th November 1904.
2. I have received a telegram from Colonel McMahon, saying that the
Yamm-i-Nizam, at his request, has sent orders to Mirjawa that nothing should be

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Part 1 contains correspondence relating to the demarcation of the boundary in Baluchistan, between Persia, British India, and Afghanistan. The correspondence is between the Foreign Department of the Government of India, the Viceroy of India, the Foreign Office, and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. . Included as enclosures are letters, telegrams, and memoranda from the following:

  • Colonel Arthur Henry McMahon, British Commissioner, Seistan [Sīstān] Arbitration Commission;
  • Evelyn Grant Duff, British Chargé d'Affaires, Tehran;
  • Arthur Henry Hardinge, British Minister, Tehran;
  • Agent to the Governor-General and Chief Commissioner in Baluchistan.

Several matters are covered by the papers, including:

  • the definition of the border in the Seistan region and around Mirjawar [Mīrjāveh];
  • the allocation of water resources;
  • the export of grain from Persia to British frontier posts;
  • customs duties on exports into British territory.

Folio 133 is a copy of the agreement concerning the border at Mirjawar and the export of grain, signed by Arthur Hardinge and the Persian Prime Minister (Mushir-ed-Dowleh) on 13 May 1905.

Several maps are included, as follows:

  • map of Mirjawa and neighbourhood (folio 121);
  • sketch map of Mirjawar (folio 122);
  • three maps of the North-Western Trans-Frontier (including Seistan province) in various scales (folios 202, 203, and 204).
Extent and format
1 item (93 folios)
Written in
English in Latin script
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File 1377/1905 Pt 1 'Perso-Baluch Frontier: Frontier Demarcation' [‎190r] (151/188), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/79/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 26 February 2020]

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