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'B. 56. Confidential 86/14 - v. BAHRAIN UNALLOTED AREA.' [‎27r] (58/510)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (251 folios). It was created in 14 Feb 1939-2 Aug 1939. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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fidential
. Mo.C/146-10/14
Dated the 5th March 1939.
I
9)
: ''RE RES'
\Mo llX...
1 Date ^
RECO
I have lust received a copy of the Secretary of Stated
Express Letter No. P.Z.1111/39 dated the 1st March 1939 regard
ing the Bahrain Unallotted Area, and as you may perhaps want
my comments I am sending them across by the mail leaving to-day.
2. First paragraph of- the Express Letter
There would be no harm at all in making the proposed
communication about sovereignty over Hawar, provided it is
appended to the communication (now apparently to be made) convey
ing His Majesty^ Governments approval to a concession for the
whole Unallotted Area being given to the Bahrain Petroleum
Company. As a separate communication, possibly made in advance
of that approval, it might cause apprehension in the Shaikh’s
mind. In point of fact all parties fully recognise the position.
Second paragraph of the Express Letter
I presented a copy (in Arabic) of the Bahrain counter
claim to Hawar to the Shaikh of Qatar when I saw him on the
10th January. It would, I suggest, be reasonable to demand his
rejoinder before the end of this month, and if you agree perhpas
you would telegraph to me the two words "HAWAR YES". I will
then inform Shaikh Abdullah at once and if I do not receive his
rejoinder by, say, the 23rd March, I will go over and try to
extract it personally. He may object that the Bahrain Govern
ment had much longer for the preparation of their counter
claim, but I can give him an adequate reply to such an object
ion.
Yours sincerely,
on'ble Lieutenant-Colonel
3ir Trenchard Fowle, KCIE.,CBE.,
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
Bushire.

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Content

The volume comprises correspondence between the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Trenchard Craven Fowle), the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain (Hugh Weightman), the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (Roland Tennyson Peel, John Percival Gibson), the Secretary to the Government of India, External Affairs Department (Sir Aubrey Metcalfe), the Shaikh of Bahrain (Shaikh Ḥamad bin ‘Īsá Āl Khalīfah), Bahrain Petroleum Company (Hamilton R Ballantyne, Fred A Davies, Max W Thornburg), and Petroleum Concessions Limited (Frank Holmes, John Skliros) regarding the Shaikh of Bahrain’s proposal to grant a concession for the whole of the unallotted area, including the Hawar Islands, to the Bahrain Petroleum Company and His Majesty’s Government’s approval of the proposal.

Following on from the approval of the proposal to grant a concession to the Bahrain Petroleum Company (BAPCO) the correspondence focuses on discussion around the proposed agreement, to take the form of a deed of modification to BAPCO’s 1934 lease and the political agreement which would accompany the concession. The main areas of discussion including the definition of the area the concession would cover, and the need to include a pre-emption clause in the political agreement. Copies, in Arabic and English, of the draft deed of modification (ff 146-161, 170-180, 218-227) and draft political agreement (ff 133-139) are included in the volume.

Also discussed in the volume is the conclusion of the sovereignty question relating to the Hawar Islands following the submission by the Shaikh of Qatar (Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī) of a response to the counter-claims made by the Shaikh of Bahrain. On reviewing both claims and supporting evidence His Majesty’s Government's final decision was that islands belonged to Bahrain and not Qatar.

Also included in the volume are copies of draft concession agreements put forward by Petroleum Concessions Limited including one for the Hawar Islands (ff 8-26) and one for the waters and islands of Bahrain, described as the shoal area (ff 44-65).

A series of file notes which were maintained as a record of the correspondence in the volume can be found at folios 242-248

Extent and format
1 volume (251 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 253; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 6-241; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'B. 56. Confidential 86/14 - v. BAHRAIN UNALLOTED AREA.' [‎27r] (58/510), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/692, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100028055899.0x00003b> [accessed 24 October 2019]

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